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Ninth-century histories, volume II
Author: Timothy Reuter

This book presents a rough translation of the Annals of Fulda (AF). By the ninth century annals were one of the major vehicles for historical writing within the Frankish empire. The AF are the principal narrative source written from a perspective east of the Rhine for the period in which the Carolingian Empire gave way to a number of successor kingdoms, including the one which was to become Germany. AF offer the major narrative account of the east Frankish kingdom from the death of Louis the Pious down to the end of the ninth century. The surviving manuscripts are only an echo of what must once have been a much more extensive transmission, to judge by the use made of AF by a number of later annalists and compilers. The brief description of the manuscript tradition must be amplified by looking at the content of the annals. For the years 714 to 830 the work is undoubtedly a compilation which draws on earlier annals, in particular on the Royal Frankish Annals and the Lorsch Frankish Chronicle, with occasional use of other smaller sets of annals and saints' lives. The account of the origins of AF was heavily criticised by Siegmund Hellmann in a number of articles written some fifteen years after the appearance of Friedrich Kurze's edition in 1891.

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Timothy Reuter

The Annals of Fulda and their authorship By the ninth century annals were one of the major vehicles for historical writing within the Frankish empire. 1 The earliest annals were probably no more than brief marginal notes on the tables used for calculating the date of Easter, but it was soon discovered that an account of events organised year by year could be not simply an

in The Annals of Fulda
Alfred and Victorian morality
Joanne Parker

Chronicle of Æthelweard, p. 408. Pauli, The Life of Alfred the Great, p. 223. Judith’s marriage to Baldwin is first recorded in the ninth-century Annals of St Bertin, pp. 97, 110. Pollard, A Hero King, pp. 403–404. See Mitchell, Picturing the Past, p. 113. See Macfarlane, Marriage and Love in England, pp. 130–133. See Calder, Women and Marriage in Victorian Fiction, pp. 27–44, 68–82. Henty, The Dragon and the Raven, p. 5; Graham, Little Arthur’s History of England, p. 54; Tappan, In the Days of Alfred the Great, p. 278. Asser’s Life of King Alfred, pp. 92, 99. See

in ‘England’s darling’
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Simon MacLean

into a single brief narrative, thereby connecting the death of one Carolingian with the post-888 era in which Carolingian authority itself was dying. 168 This kind of flash-forward authorial artifice was essential to the Chronicle ’s narrative drive, and Regino’s imposition on Book II of a central storyline is what distinguishes it above all from the ninth-century annals which it superficially

in History and politics in late Carolingian and Ottonian Europe