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British Army sisters and soldiers in the Second World War
Author: Jane Brooks

Negotiating nursing explores how the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service (Q.A.s) salvaged men within the sensitive gender negotiations of what should and could constitute nursing work and where that work could occur. The book argues that the Q.A.s, an entirely female force during the Second World War, were essential to recovering men physically, emotionally and spiritually from the battlefield and for the war, despite concerns about their presence on the frontline. The book maps the developments in nurses’ work as the Q.A.s created a legitimate space for themselves in war zones and established nurses’ position as the expert at the bedside. Using a range of personal testimony the book demonstrates how the exigencies of war demanded nurses alter the methods of nursing practice and the professional boundaries in which they had traditionally worked, in order to care for their soldier-patients in the challenging environments of a war zone. Although they may have transformed practice, their position in war was highly gendered and it was gender in the post-war era that prevented their considerable skills from being transferred to the new welfare state, as the women of Britain were returned to the home and hearth. The aftermath of war may therefore have augured professional disappointment for some nursing sisters, yet their contribution to nursing knowledge and practice was, and remains, significant.

This book explores how skilled nursing practice develop to become an essential part of the modern health system. It traces the history and development of nursing practice in Europe and North America. The book explores two broad categories of nursing work: the 'hands-on' clinical work of nurses in hospitals and the work of nurses in public health, which involved health screening, health education and public health crisis management. Until the end of the eighteenth century sick children were, for the most part, cared for at home and, if admitted to hospital, were cared for alongside adults. Around 1900 the baby wards of the children's hospitals had a poor reputation because of their high mortality rates due to poor hygiene, malnutrition and insufficient knowledge of child and infant healthcare . The book relates particular experiences of Australian and New Zealand nurses during World War I, With a focus on 'the life of a consumptive' in early twentieth-century Ireland, it examine the experiences of the sanatorium patient. sanatorium nursing. As sanatoria became a special division of public health, sanatorium nursing developed as a branch of nursing distinct from other branches. An analysis of public health and nursing issues during the cholera epidemic shows the changes in the city's health administration and the nursing system after the epidemic. The nurses' work with schoolchildren, coal miners and migrant workers is also examined against the backdrop of economic, social, political, racial and healthcare forces.

Open Access (free)
Jane Brooks

3 Nursing presence Somehow it’s more than just good nursing that’s required of us, it’s endless donkey work and then it’s endless interest in the boys and encouragement and jokes, and endless sense of humour, and then there’s the job of amusing them when they are getting better and then there’s the inevitable letters afterwards!1 Military success in war was contingent on men sustaining a determination to fight. Persuading men to continue fighting or returning them to combat after illness or injury depended on maintaining their morale. On active service

in Negotiating nursing
Abstract only
Pirogov and the Grand Duchess
Carol Helmstadter

organize a nursing sisterhood for the Russian army. There was a precedent for this kind of nursing in Russia. In 1803 the Dowager Empress Maria Federovna, the mother of Alexander I, founded a home for impoverished widows of the nobility and their unmarried daughters. These ladies received some training as nurses and worked in hospitals but they were paid and did not form a religious sisterhood. In 1818 they were formally organized into the ‘Compassionate Widows of the Empress’. There were several groups of these Widows in St. Petersburg and Moscow, and a number of them

in Beyond Nightingale

This book demonstrates the continuities and the changes in wartime nursing during the one hundred years, from 1854 to 1953. It examines the work that nurses of many differing nations undertook during the Crimean War, the Boer War, the Spanish Civil War, both World Wars and the Korean War. The influence that Florence Nightingale had on Southern women providing nursing care to Confederate soldiers during the American Civil War, and the work of the flight nurses, are detailed. The book also examines the challenges faced by nurses caring for the thousands of soldiers suffering from typhoid epidemics, and those at the Norwegian Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (NORMASH). The decades following the Crimean War witnessed a burgeoning of personal narratives relating accounts of nurses who ministered to combatants in the Franco-Prussian and Anglo-Zulu wars. In considering the work of First World War military nurses, the book explores the dangerous military and political worlds in which nurses negotiated their practice. The book argues that the air evacuation system which had originated during the Second World War was an exciting nursing innovation for the service of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). At the beginning of the Second Anglo-Boer War, there were three distinct groups of female nurses: the Army Nursing Reserve; civilian nurses; and volunteers, many of whom came under the auspices of the Red Cross. The humanitarian work of trained and volunteer nurses after the liberation of Bergen-Belsen in 1945, and their clinical wisdom enabled many of the victims to rehabilitate.

The working lives of paid carers in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
Editors: Anne Borsay and Pamela Dale

This book seeks to integrate the history of mental health nursing with the wider history of institutional and community care for people experiencing mental illness and/or living with a learning disability. It develops new research questions by drawing together a concern with exploring the class, gender, skills and working conditions of practitioners with an assessment of the care regimes staff helped create and patients’ experiences of them. Contributors from a range of disciplines use a variety of source material to examine both continuity and change in the history of care over two centuries. The book benefits from a foreword by Mick Carpenter and will appeal to researchers and students interested in all aspects of the history of nursing and the history of care. The book is also designed to be accessible to practitioners and the general reader.

Surviving change c.1970-90
Duncan Mitchell

10 Learning disability nursing: surviving change, c.1970–90 Duncan Mitchell Many learning disability nurses who came into the job, as I did, in the 1980s would have been told, like I was, that there was no future in the work. The main reason for this was that the institutions in which training took place were on closure programmes. At the time it was widely thought that when the institutions went, so would the nurses. This was not simply paranoia on the part of the nurses; there was a lot of evidence to support the view that the profession was finished, or at

in Mental health nursing
The working lives of paid carers from 1800 to the 1990s
Anne Borsay and Pamela Dale

1 Mental health nursing: the working lives of paid carers from 1800 to the 1990s Anne Borsay and Pamela Dale At the beginning of the twenty-first century mental health issues are being debated at a local, national and international level.1 Positively, there is an argument that the global promotion of mental well-being will deliver benefits ranging from personal fulfilment to improved public health. Yet there remain significant concerns about the social and economic costs of mental illness, which fall on individuals, families and communities. Interestingly

in Mental health nursing
Abstract only
Alysa Levene

5 The nursing network Wee part with Molly Collins with great grief but its in great hops of haveing her again Soon . . . Pray let her be suckeld. Note left with child 2288, Ann Mersham Admitted 7 September 1756 Died 25 February 1757 Both hazards analysis and the preoccupations of the hospital governors have flagged up the importance of the system of nursing for the longerterm survival prospects of foundlings. In this chapter, the system is subjected to careful scrutiny, to discover how it worked and what it may have meant for the foundling children’s early

in Childcare, health and mortality at the London Foundling Hospital 1741–1800
Jane Brooks

2 Challenging nursing spaces In June 1944, Sister Agnes Morgan wrote to her mother from a CCS near Rome: We are frightfully short staffed as a lot of the girls are working at forward F.D.S.s (field dressing stations) and we work like a C.C.S. except that we still think of ourselves as a Hospital and strive to do the ‘little extra’ that makes a difference between a C.C.S. and a Hospital! It is all impossible and rather hopeless, as the tide of human misery and suffering streams in too fast for us to do more than the bare necessities ... under canvas and all the

in Negotiating nursing