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Geographies of transnational solidarity

This book provides a critical investigation of what has been termed the ‘global justice movement’. Through a detailed study of a grassroots peasants' network in Asia (People's Global Action); an international trade union network (the International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mining and General Workers); and the Social Forum process, it analyses some of the global justice movement's component parts, operational networks and their respective dynamics, strategies and practices. The authors argue that the emergence of new globally connected forms of collective action against neoliberal globalisation are indicative of a range of variously place-specific forms of political agency that coalesce across geographic space at particular times, in specific places and in a variety of ways. They also argue that, rather than being indicative of a coherent ‘movement’, such forms of political agency contain many political and geographical fissures and fault-lines, and are best conceived of as ‘global justice networks’: overlapping, interacting, competing and differentially placed and resourced networks that articulate demands for social, economic and environmental justice. Such networks, and the social movements that comprise them, characterise emergent forms of trans-national political agency. The authors argue that the role of key geographical concepts of space, place and scale are crucial to an understanding of the operational dynamics of such networks. Such an analysis challenges key current assumptions in the literature about the emergence of a global civil society.

The politics of Britain’s small wars since 1945
Author: Aaron Edwards

Britain is often revered for its extensive experience of waging ‘small wars’. Its long imperial history is littered with high profile counter-insurgency campaigns, thus marking it out as the world's most seasoned practitioners of this type of warfare. Britain's ‘small wars’ ranged from fighting Communist insurgents in the bamboo-laden Malayan jungle, marauding Mau Mau gangs in Kenyan game reserves, Irish republican terrorists in the back alleys and rural hamlets of Northern Ireland, and Taliban fighters in Afghanistan's Helmand province. This is the first book to detail the tactical and operational dynamics of Britain's small wars, arguing that the military's use of force was more heavily constrained by wider strategic and political considerations than previously admitted. Outlining the civil-military strategy followed by the British in Palestine, Malaya, Kenya, Cyprus, Aden, Northern Ireland, Iraq and Afghanistan, Defending the Realm argues that Britain's small wars have been shaped by a relative decline in British power, amidst dramatic fluctuations in the international system, just as much as the actions of military commanders and civilian officials ‘on the spot’ or those formulating government policy in London. Written from a theoretically-informed perspective, grounded in rich archival sources, oral testimonies and a reappraisal of the literature on counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism, Defending the Realm is the definitive account of the politics of Britain's small wars. It will be of interest to political scientists and historians, as well as scholars, students, soldiers and politicians who wish to gain a more critically informed perspective of the political trappings of war.

Abstract only
Culture, ‘specialness,’ and new directions
Robert M. Hendershot and Steve Marsh

of investigation into Anglo-American relations and opened up new analytical spaces in which to evaluate their operational dynamics. Mine down into this headline achievement and it becomes evident that, as a collective, the chapters in this volume also reveal three more detailed things about the intersection between culture and the reputed ‘specialness’ of US–UK relations. First, they demonstrate the ambient nature of cultural perceptions of a special Anglo-American relationship, as well as the power of these perceptions to influence diplomacy. For example, Finn

in Culture matters
Geographical dynamics and convergence spaces
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

5217P GLOBAL JUSTICE-PT/lb.qxd 13/1/09 19:59 Page 76 4 Global justice networks: geographical dynamics and convergence spaces This chapter is concerned with analysing how the operational dynamics of GJNs are acted out across geographic space. The spatiality of GJNs concerns both the geographical context in which they operate (e.g. the conditions, opportunities and constraints that they face) and the strategies that they employ. It concerns the myriad ongoing connections that combine different parts of the world together (by connecting different place

in Global justice networks
Tarlach McGonagle

. In any case, GR 35 provides CERD with a coherent conceptual framework, explicitly embracing Articles 4, 5 and 7 of the Convention, for its future practice. It also provides CERD with consistent language, which should ensure a heightened consistency of engagement by CERD with relevant issues in its future practice. While preparing GR 35, CERD had to reconcile formal (but imperfect and somewhat underused) treaty provisions and objectives with a sensitivity to contextual variables, such as the complex operational dynamics of the media and internet. This has led, in

in Fifty years of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

beginning to happen. However, any discussion of possibilities of transnational solidarity must confront, and then negotiate, a range of messy place-specific ‘ground realities’. In other words, sociology and political science must seriously engage with geography. Through exploring the operational dynamics and convergence spaces of three GJNs we have attempted to shed light on the political potential 5217P GLOBAL JUSTICE-PT/lb.qxd 13/1/09 19:59 Page 217 GEOGRAPHIES OF TRANSNATIONAL SOLIDARITY 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 12 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

in Global justice networks
Abstract only
Aaron Edwards

vitally important in combating terrorists and insurgents.10 While this book details some of the tactical and operational dynamics underpinning how Britain fought these small wars, it is much more concerned with the wider strategic and political context within which they Introduction 3 have been conducted.11 This should come as no surprise as politics has always shaped the direction war takes and the kind of peace that comes once it has ended.12 As Thomas Schelling prudently observed, ‘Small wars embody the threat of a larger war; they are not just military

in Defending the realm?
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

different political perspectives are important in understanding the ‘movement’, as is an understanding of the role of space, place and scale in shaping its operational dynamics. Indeed, we argue that the emergence of new globallyconnected forms of collective action against neoliberalism are indicative of a range of variously place-specific forms of political agency that coalesce across space at particular times, in specific places in a variety of ways. To signify this, we use the term ‘global justice networks’ (GJNs) to characterise these emergent new forms of

in Global justice networks
Operational logics and strategies
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

networks, the tensions between verticalism and horizontalism, leadership and democratic participation lead us to introduce the concepts of ‘imagineers’ and ‘networking vectors’ for improving our understanding of the workings of GJNs. Networking vectors and imagineers GJNs are defined not by social location per se but by forms of practice and doing. Hence the processes of circulation, information flows and domains of communication that people enter or leave (e.g. conferences) become crucially important for understanding network operational dynamics (Tarrow, 2005

in Global justice networks
Peasant solidarity as horizontal networking?
Paul Routledge and Andrew Cumbers

, buses, taxis, rickshaws, pen and paper, etc. Its 5217P GLOBAL JUSTICE-PT/lb.qxd 13/1/09 19:59 Page 111 PEOPLE’S GLOBAL ACTION (ASIA) 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10111 11 12 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 42111 operational dynamics in this sense have always been more fluid than those of ICEM, which operates through more fixed structures. However, the formation of the crucial common grounding that enables the network to act politically necessitates communication between people, eye to heart to mind, replete with intonations and

in Global justice networks