Rhetoric of oppression and social
Can’t get no food to eat, can’t get no money to spend.
Burning Spear, “Marcus Garvey,” 1975
Open your eyes and look with it
Are you satisfied with the life you’re living?
Bob Marley & the Wailers, “Exodus,” 1977
No need to shift through time and space into reality
Cause it’s right up in your face it is so plain to see.
Jahmali, “Time and space,” 1998
The message contained in reggae music is above all a message of
denunciation: the point is to show what is really happening, based
on the fundamental distinction made
Oppression and consensus-building:
policing communities in fascist Italy
Policing communities in fascist Italy
Though endowing the police with greater powers and bringing
opportunities for reform, the fascist dictatorship increased the burden
and breadth of police tasks. This saw, above all, an intensification in
political policing, determined by a wider definition than previously
of what constituted ‘anti-national’ activity. Partly based on a detailed
case study of the province and city of Siena, this chapter examines the
In the 2019 general election in India, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) succeeded in gaining more of the Dalit, Adivasi and Other Backward Classes (OBC) vote (Jaffrelot, 2019 ). While the politics of wooing voters for elections is often different to the everyday politics faced by communities, electoral politics cannot be abstracted from people's lived realities. This chapter highlights the everyday politics of social oppression and exploitation faced by Dalits and Adivasis in India.
India is a society of graded
Oppression and suppression of the
sexual deviant, 1939–1967
I would sometimes question the treatments we were giving. [. . .] Then I
would get home and turn on the television [. . .] and all over it was either
‘homosexuals should be accepted’, or ‘homosexuality is illegal, it is wrong,
these people are irredeemable.’ And thank goodness; ‘psychiatry is trying to
do something about it.’ [. . .] I just didn’t know who was right and what was
wrong, it left me very perplexed.1
Nurses caring for patients receiving treatments for sexual deviations
In this introduction, we consider the intersection of two much debated and controversial concepts: postfeminism and Gothic, and we designate a new analytical category of ‘Postfeminist Gothic’. We suggest that postfeminism and Gothic are linked by their eschewal of a binary logic and their ‘anxiety about meaning’. As we contend, ‘Postfeminist Gothic’ moves beyond the Female Gothic with its historical associations with second wave feminism and female/feminine victimisation and it circumscribes a new space for critical exchange that re-examines notions of gender, agency and oppression.
Through an analysis of Dracula, this article will explore some of the hyperbolic rhetoric surrounding drug use and womens place in medical discourse that has, like the Count himself, risen again and again in our culture. It argues that Dracula attempts – through popular metaphors of addiction, shifting terminologies about drug use, and British anxieties about immigration – to make a clear but highly unstable distinction between licit and illicit drug use. In the process, Stoker‘s novel illuminates a complex relationship between middle-class women and the opiates that paradoxically serve as a site of patriarchal oppression and resistance to it.
In the early gothic literature of the eighteenth century danger lurked in the darkness beneath the pointed arches of gothic buildings. During the nineteenth century, there was a progressive, although never complete, dislocation of gothic literary readings from gothic architecture. This article explores a phase in that development through discussion of a series of dark illustrations produced by Hablot Knight Browne to illustrate novels by Charles Dickens. These show the way in which the rounded arches of neo-classical architecture were depicted in the mid-nineteenth century as locales of oppression and obscurity. Such depictions acted, in an age of political and moral reform, to critique the values of the system of power and authority that such architecture represented.
Theorizing the Nineteenth-Century Gothic Pharmography
Carol Margaret Davison
Liberty, a term dear to the Enlightenments emancipatory project, has long been a key concept in the Gothic. No branch of the Gothic more powerfully or creatively examines the complexities of the liberty question than the Gothic pharmography – a narrative chronicling drug/alcohol seduction and addiction. Drawing on three novelistic sub-genres – the Oriental tale, the imperial Gothic, and the Urban Gothic – the Gothic pharmography coalesces several distinct nineteenth-century debates – the nature of the will and liberal individualism; social oppression and conformity; urban and national degeneration; and British imperialist expansion, which involved the perceived anxiety-inducing sense of Britains growing economic dependence on the non-Western world. This essay offers an overview of the Gothic pharmography from the late eighteenth century through to the fin de siècle in Marie Corelli‘s Wormwood.
The military coup of March 1976 in Argentina ruptured the prevailing institutional order,
with the greater part of its repressive strategy built on clandestine practices and
tactics (death, torture and disappearance) that sowed fear across large swathes of
Argentine society. Simultaneously, the terrorist state established a parallel, de facto
legal order through which it endeavoured to legitimise its actions. Among other social
forces, the judicial branch played a pivotal role in this project of legitimisation. While
conscious of the fact that many of those inside the justice system were also targets of
oppression, I would like to argue that the dictatorship‘s approach was not to establish a
new judicial authority but, rather, to build upon the existing institutional structure,
remodelling it to suit its own interests and objectives. Based on an analysis of the
criminal and administrative proceedings that together were known as the Case of the
judicial morgue, this article aims to examine the ways in which the bodies of the
detained-disappeared that entered the morgue during the dictatorship were handled, as well
as the rationales and practices of the doctors and other employees who played a part in
this process. Finally, it aims to reflect upon the traces left by judicial and
administrative bureaucratic structures in relation to the crimes committed by the
dictatorship, and on the legal strategies adopted by lawyers and the families of the