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International Gothic in the Neoliberal Age

Over the course of the past twenty-five years, as neoliberal economics has transformed the geopolitical landscape, monsters have overrun popular culture. This book explores literary, televisual, filmic and dramatic works from distant and diverse countries. It traces the vampire's evolution from the nineteenth-century past of industrial capitalism to the neoliberal present's accelerated violence and corrupt precarity, and discusses the NBC television mini-series Dracula, perfectly encapsulating our own post-recessionary subjectivity. The book addresses state capitalism but turns readers' attention away from the vampire and towards the ghost, focusing on the ways in which such spectral figures have come to dominate new German theatre. On the biotechnology sector, the book presents three examples: cinematic depictions of the international organ trade in Asia, the BAFTA award winning three-part series In the Flesh broadcast in BBC3, and literary representations of the dehumanised South African poor. The book moves from the global to the local, and charts the ways in which post-2006 house owners are trapped in the house by the current economic situation, becoming akin to its long-term resident ghosts. The ghost estates, reanimated and reimagined by the Irish artists and film-makers, are shown to embody the price paid locally for failures in global economic policy. The preoccupation with states of liminality is encapsulated by showing that the borders of the nation state have become a permeable membrane. Through this membrane, the toxic waste of first world technology seeps out alongside the murderous economic imperatives of the neoliberal agenda.

Representing organ trafficking in Asian cinemas

organ trade in such countries as India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Brazil, the Philippines or Moldova (Cohen, 1999 ; Scheper-Hughes, 2000 , 2002 , 2004 ; Moniruzzaman, 2012 ) provides copious evidence that these practices are alarmingly common. These accounts get further reinforced through their popular representation in literature and film, situating organ trafficking ‘within an

in Neoliberal Gothic
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Neoliberal gothic

Ancuta’s chapter, ‘The return of the dismembered: representing organ trafficking in Asian cinemas’, explores the gothic dimensions of the transnational organ trade as a spatial manifestation of neoliberal capital flow. Ancuta illustrates how existing economic hierarchies in Asia have become materially actualised in the trade of human organs – with countries like Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong and Taiwan

in Neoliberal Gothic
Open Access (free)

cases the exorbitant interest charged on the loan means there is little chance that a girl’s sexual slavery will ever repay the debt. (Bales 2012: 41). As Jefferies notes, this practice is not isolated to Thailand: “trafficking in women and girls into debt bondage is becoming the main method of supply for national and international sex industries. It is worth $31 billion yearly according to UN estimates” (2009: 152). The dismal epidemic of farmer suicides and sex trafficking have also corresponded with a rise in organ trafficking. Medical research and modern

in Debt as Power

the “Post-Cold War” Era’ (1992); Bureau of International Information Programs, US Department of State, Washington, DC, ‘Iraqi Disinformation: Allegations and facts’ (4 February 1991); and Bureau of International Information Programs, US Department of State, Washington, DC, ‘The Child Organ Trafficking Rumour: A Modern ‘Urban Legend’ (December

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
The case of the Timisoara revolutionaries

live—the price of an apartment being around €40,000 when most people have a salary of about €250 /month61— those who see their children being victims of crime, human and organ trafficking and drugs, those who are thrown out of their formerly nationalized houses, or those who find themselves unable to pay for basic healthcare. Lorin Fortuna, the main leader of the Romanian Democratic Front, also describes a similar feeling of helplessness. He blames the current state of affairs, though, not on the naivety of the revolutionaries, but rather on the greed of those who

in Revolution, democratic transition and disillusionment