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Andy Birtwistle

auditory perspectives’ (Varèse, 1940 : 205). In this respect, the three composers’ individual responses to the creative potential of film sound technology was entirely in accord with the call raised earlier in the century, by the futurist Luigi Russolo, for the range of sounds available to the composer to be extended. 1 Like the futurists, Ellitt, Cage and Varèse heard in sound organised by editing an opportunity to break with existing

in Cinesonica
Transdniestria as a case study
Graeme P. Herd and Anne C. Aldis

organised crime is complex and heavily contested. Enlargement and the opening of EU borders to new EU members from the east was understood as exporting a zone of peace and security to the east, as Schengen borders have the potential to filter out criminal activity. The Czech Republic, for example, has benefited greatly from undertaking reforms necessary to enter the Schengen zone. Indeed, serious crime has

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
Peter Davies and Robert Light

Davies 03_Tonra 01 29/05/2012 17:36 Page 58 3 Organised competition In Chapter 1 we talked about some of the key characteristics of pre-modern sport and how they were closely linked to the social, economic and cultural structure of contemporary society. Many of these characteristics disappeared as sport was transformed by the fundamental changes that took place in British society during the nineteenth century. This transformation was driven by the spread of economic reorganisation, which increasingly broke down the old social, economic and cultural relations

in Cricket and community in England
James L. Newell

5 Political corruption and organised crime Introduction In the last chapter we saw that corrupt exchanges can involve the interaction of a range of different types of actor. This chapter focusses on one of those types: the third-party enforcers. Enforcers offer the threat – and sometimes the actuality – of violence to ensure that, once the parties to a corrupt exchange have agreed to do business and have agreed terms, the terms are respected. To that extent, they offer something analogous to the insurance policies available in the world of legal contracts to

in Corruption in contemporary politics
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

This roundtable took place on 16 January 2020, at the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the end of the war in Biafra. It brought together Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka and Kevin O’Sullivan. The roundtable was organised and chaired by Bertrand Taithe, University of Manchester.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Ernesto Schwartz-Marin and Arely Cruz-Santiago

The article will present the findings of ethnographic research into the Colombian and Mexican forensic systems, introducing the first citizen-led exhumation project made possible through the cooperation of scholars, forensic specialists and interested citizens in Mexico. The coupling evolution and mutual re-constitution of forensic science will be explored, including new forms of citizenship and nation building projects – all approached as lived experience – in two of Latin America‘s most complex contexts: organised crime and mass death.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
On Reading a Sequence in Godard‘s Pierrot le fou
Daniel Morgan

This paper is organised around an analysis of a short sequence from Godard‘s Pierrot le fou (1965). Although the sequence appears to be a series of repetitions, close analysis reveals it to be a single event presented in a carefully fragmented order. This unexpected fact generates questions about how to account for the relation between our initial beliefs about the organisation of the sequence and our knowledge of its actual structure. We come to see, in an intimate way, that reflection on the way we watch and understand film is one of the central themes of Godard‘s filmmaking.

Film Studies
Jean-Marc Dreyfus

From 1945 until around 1960, ceremonies of a new kind took place throughout Europe to commemorate the Holocaust and the deportation of Jews; ashes would be taken from the site of a concentration camp, an extermination camp, or the site of a massacre and sent back to the deportees country of origin (or to Israel). In these countries, commemorative ceremonies were then organised and these ashes (sometimes containing other human remains) placed within a memorial or reburied in a cemetery. These transfers of ashes have, however, received little attention from historical researchers. This article sets out to describe a certain number of them, all differing considerably from one another, before drawing up a typology of this phenomenon and attempting its analysis. It investigates the symbolic function of ashes in the aftermath of the Second World War and argues that these transfers – as well as having a mimetic relationship to transfers of relics – were also instruments of political legitimisation.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
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The Court Sermons of James II
William Gibson

This article considers the sermons preached by royal chaplains at the court of James II and the organisation of the chapel royal by James as a Catholic organisation. In doing so, it addresses the question of where James’s assurance and certainty came from that he was ruling as God wished him to do. The evidence presented here is that James organised his Catholic chapel royal to be a conscious source of guidance and support. His chaplains reciprocated by addressing him as a Catholic king whose duty was to bring to heel a recalcitrant and stubborn people. His chaplains used historical precedent and theological argument to press on James his determination to bring his Protestant subjects to obedience. This is a study of the Catholic milieu of James’s court and of the theological impetus behind his rule.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

organised ( Boege et al. , 2009 ; de Waal, 2020 ). Politics in these systems is organised by different rules than in bureaucratic states. At the most basic level, political elites (mostly men) try to gain and retain power through near-constant bargaining using violence and material reward – the ‘twin currencies’ of political power ( Spatz, 2020 ). Alliances are fluid; elite members can compete one moment and collude the next, or indeed can do both

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs