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Between promise and practice
Author: Darren Halpin

Whether called pressure groups, NGOs, social movement organisations or organised civil society, the value of ‘groups’ to the policy process, to economic growth, to governance, to political representation and to democracy has always been contested. However, there seems to be a contemporary resurgence in this debate, largely centred on their democratising potential: can groups effectively link citizens to political institutions and policy processes? Are groups an antidote to emerging democratic deficits? Or do they themselves face challenges in demonstrating their legitimacy and representativeness? This book debates the democratic potential and practice of groups, focusing on the vibrancy of internal democracies, and modes of accountability with those who join such groups and to the constituencies they advocate for. It draws on literatures covering national, European and global levels, and presents empirical material from the UK and Australia.

Open Access (free)
Reflecting on citizenship from the fringe

did not intend to examine Roma as my ‘research subjects’ in this book, as some scholars have done in the past with a wide variety of marginalised minorities (Tuhiwai Smith, 2012 ). The book also does not speak on behalf of Roma. There are many extraordinary academic and activist texts written by Romani activists and scholars (see Chapter 1 ). My interest was in the structures that position Roma as marginalised citizens. However, in Chapter 5 I showed that even Romani individuals who are not part of organised civil society movements and do not consider

in The Fringes of Citizenship
Open Access (free)
One way to Europeanisation
Maria João Seabra

, Portuguese civil society became more active and organised; civil society organisations now tend to act not only in Portugal but also in the European institutions. In the near future, civil society, through its organised representatives, is likely to play an increasing role in Portugal’s European policies. Perspective for the future The Portuguese position on the 1996–97 IGC concentrated mainly on three basic issues: institutional reform, social Europe and JHA. At the institutional level, the main concern was the preservation of the country’s relative power: the voting

in Fifteen into one?
Abstract only
Ayca Arkilic

’. 63 R. Kastoryano, Negotiating Identities ; K. Rosenow-Williams, Organising Muslims and Integrating Islam ; A. Arkilic, ‘The limits of European Islam’. 64 N. Glick-Schiller, ‘The transnational migration paradigm’, in Migration and Organised Civil Society

in Diaspora diplomacy
Abstract only
Myrto Tsakatika

context of such processes. It is therefore a requirement of transparency that information about the governmental process is available and understandable (which process, under which rules, which actors were involved) and that a decision, act or proposal can be traced back to its source. Furthermore, it is important to note that transparency may be a property of a system of governance from the point of view of the expert few 112 Political responsibility and the European Union (officials, politicians, specialised journalists, organised civil society, interest groups

in Political responsibility and the European Union
Mark Pelling, Alejandro Barcena, Hayley Leck, Ibidun Adelekan, David Dodman, Hamadou Issaka, Cassidy Johnson, Mtafu Manda, Blessing Mberu, Ezebunwa Nwokocha, Emmanuel Osuteye, and Soumana Boubacar

dominant actors that can trigger a transition?’ and whether transition windows (e.g. political and institutional change) can be utilised to enhance equity and future risk reduction. In this chapter, we show how opportunities for transition arise through several channels, notably when organised civil society collaborates with the city government and other actors (Pelling et al., 2018 ). Citizen-led approaches for risk-related data collection have been shown to be critical for advancing early warning of hazard (Fraser et al., 2017 ; Pelling et al

in African cities and collaborative futures
The role of minority engagement
Sujatha Raman, Pru Hobson-West, Mimi E. Lam, and Kate Millar

general public, as spotlighted by Blair in his speech, we include other social actors and institutions in governance (Lam and Pitcher, 2012). These include organised civil-society groups and communities as well as other parts of the state; notably, the law. Following Mark Brown, the conception of politics we have in mind for this inquiry is of ‘purposeful activities that aim for collectively binding decisions in a context of power and conflict’ (Brown, 2015: 19). Importantly, this conception takes various modes of participation, including civil-society engagements in

in Science and the politics of openness
Developments and dynamics
Mariam Salehi

. 21 In the case of Bosnia, Kappler ( 2013 , 7f.) describes a withdrawal of ‘ordinary’ citizens from the political sphere and a turn to family and neighbourhood networks, resulting in a strengthening of horizontal communities and frictions between the political class and the local population. She also found that organised civil society (or the NGO sphere) became detached from the population, as NGOs are often seen as a foreign instrument. While I describe the Tunisian perception of the political sphere above, I have not

in Transitional justice in process
Abstract only
Myrto Tsakatika

performance and gradual, voluntary, policy convergence (Borrás and Jacobsson 2004). For the purposes of accountability as set out above, forum is about 76 Political responsibility and the European Union assessing agents against common standards of political conduct and allocating punishments and rewards before the public eye. Neither deliberation in comitology nor consultation with organised civil society qualify as forum in this sense. Deliberations held in the context of these practices are not public, either in the sense that proceedings are not necessarily held in

in Political responsibility and the European Union