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Jonathan Chatwin

not a Beijing native, which seemed to be enough cause for the young officer to hold him up. The paranoia around security on this stretch of Chang’an Jie has its roots in those multitudinous political protests which have converged here across the course of the twentieth century, but has been encouraged by events in recent years. In 2013, despite all the fences, barriers, police, soldiers and scrutiny, a car managed to mount the pavement just down from the Gate of Heavenly Peace; driving at speed, it knocked down and killed two bystanders

in Long Peace Street
Ecocriticism in the eighteenth century Gothic novel
Lisa Kröger

The liminal quality of the forest plays an important role as the Gothic genre gains in popularity throughout the latter half of the eighteenth century. Horace Walpole's use of the forest sets up the paradigm of Gothic ecology that would be popular in the Gothic novels that came in the 1790s. Marquis De Sade seems to understand the true terror of the wilderness as it is presented in the Gothic novel in which isolation leaves humanity to its own devices. Matthew Lewis's version of the Gothic environment is triumphant as well, appearing in future Gothic novels of the 1790s and following decades. The Gothic ecology, then, seems to be one that suggests it is best for humanity and nature to live harmoniously with one another, though it may be the human counterpart that suffers most if that relationship is severed.

in Ecogothic
Lorena Russell

In Alien3 Lt Ellen Ripley finds herself in a nightmare scenario. She has crash-landed on an abandoned prison planet, ‘Fury 161’, surrounded by a remnant of the inmate population (twenty-five prisoners, a medical officer and two administrators who have opted to remain in a care-taking capacity after the prison/refinery was closed). The prisoners are a violent group of rapists and murderers with double-y chromosome coding, who can only seem to control their excessive expressions of masculinity by fanatically embracing a fundamentalist religion. Ripley sums up the group as ‘a bunch of lifers who found God at the ass-end of space’. On one level, this setting begs for a story of male homosexuality: an all-male prison planet filled with sexual aggressors could be the recipe for a gay male porn classic. Instead, it becomes a tale of excessive masculinity manifested through heterosexual fears and desires. I want to take this discrepancy between homo-possibilities and hetero-manifestations as my point of departure to explore how Alien3s engagement with the Gothic diverts and expresses anxieties about queer masculinity, desire, and sexuality.

Gothic Studies
Don DeLillo‘s Underworld and the End of the Cold War Gothic
Brian McDonald

Gothic Studies
Alex Link

Fredric Jameson‘s Postmodernism is shaped by a pervasive tension in its pages between a Modernist Gothic, which Jameson explicitly rejects, and a Postmodernist Gothic, which he does not acknowledge. This analysis of the Gothic in Postmodernism suggests that ‘paranoid paranoia’ is an unspoken counterpart to Jameson‘s ‘nostalgia for nostalgia’.

Gothic Studies
Sophie Roborgh

. Having the knowledge that they had hit the right location, local staff were afraid that they might attack again. In an example of one eastern Aleppo hospital that was hit multiple times, local health staff requested media officers not to publicise the attack, ‘partially due to paranoia, partially due to psychosocial issues, partially due to real concerns’, as the representative mentioned in our interview. He went on to say that at

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

Not only did Sigmund Freud know literature intimately, and quote liberally from literatures of several languages, he has also inspired twentieth-century writers and philosophers, and created several schools of criticism, in literary and cultural studies. Freud was not just practising psychotherapy on his patients, helping them in difficult situations, but helping them by studying the unconscious as the basis of their problems. This book deals with Freud and psychoanalysis, and begins by analysing the 'Copernican revolution' which meant that psychoanalysis decentres the conscious mind, the ego. It shows how Freud illuminates literature, as Freud needs attention for what he says about literature. The book presents one of Freud's 'case-histories', where he discussed particular examples of analysis by examining obsessional neurosis, as distinct from hysteria. It analyses Freud on memory, in relation to consciousness, repression and the unconscious. Guilt was one of his central topics of his work, and the book explores it through several critical texts, 'Criminals from a Sense of Guilt', and 'The Ego and the Id'. The book discusses Melanie Klein, a follower of Freud, and object-relations theory, while also making a reference to Julia Kristeva. One of the main strands of thought of Jacques Lacan was the categories of the Imaginary, the Symbolic, and the Real, as well as paranoia and madness, which are linked to literature here. The book finally returns to Freud on hysteria, and examines him on paranoia in Daniel Paul Schreber, and the psychosis of the 'Wolf Man'.

Abstract only
Hysteria, paranoia, psychosis
Jeremy Tambling

Dora This chapter begins with three of Freud’s ‘case-histories’: Dora, diagnosed as hysterical; Schreber, a paranoid schizophrenic, and the Wolf Man (a case of infantile neurosis), in order to approach Lacan on paranoia and psychosis. The ‘Dora’ case turned out negatively. For the other two, Lacan has been one of the most significant commentators

in Literature and psychoanalysis
Tim Aistrope

Spring for oil access. 1 While Arab-Muslim paranoia gained prominence after 9/11 as an explanation for resentment towards America, it is important to recognise that the identification of the same social-psychological tendencies in other cultures is a recurring theme in the American political imaginary and media

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
Tim Aistrope

provide a window into the underlying commitments and rationalities of a political culture. This chapter examines the widespread concern expressed by foreign policy commentators about the link between anti-Americanism and Arab-Muslim conspiracy theories in the wake of 9/11. I argue that this Arab-Muslim paranoia narrative helped disqualify criticism of American power and limit

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy