Early modern Westminster is familiar as the location of the Royal Court at Whitehall, parliament, the law courts and the emerging West End, yet it has never been studied in its own right. This book reveals the often problematic relations between the diverse groups of people who constituted local society - the Court, the aristocracy, the Abbey, the middling sort and the poor - and the competing visions of Westminster's identity which their presence engendered. There were four parishes in Westminster at the turn of the sixteenth century. The parishes of St Martin's and St Margaret's have been identified as two of only eighteen English parishes for which continuous and detailed parish records survive for the turbulent period 1535-1570. Differences in social organization, administrative structure and corporate life in the two parishes also provide a study in contrasts. These crucial differences partly shaped forms of lay piety in each parish as well as their very different responses to the religious reformations of Henry VIII and his children. The death of Henry VIII heralded important changes in Westminster. Most strikingly, however, this was a period of major religious change, in stark contrast to the piecemeal changes of Henry's reign. The dissolution of Westminster's abbey gave rise to special problems. The book examines individuals who wielded the most influence at the local government; as well as the social identity of these parish elites. Finally, it explores the interaction of religion with the social and political developments observed in the post-Reformation town.
fact that we know even the little that we do know about Alberto raises the question of why any information at all about such a historically unexceptional person should have survived. We can eliminate the obvious hypotheses, namely parishrecords of births, communions, and deaths, or tax records or membership lists of guilds. None of these exist for the relevant places and times.
Instead of such archival sources, it is from the annals of four different cities that we glean our information about Alberto. The persons responsible for writing up
Wandering soldiers and the negotiation of parliamentary authority, 1642–51
David J. Appleby
piracy may in actuality have been
wandering soldiers. Traditional ‘rogue’ literature asserted that vagrants were
practised impersonators, which made it all the more difficult for parish officials to ascertain which stories were genuine and which false. If it was indeed
difficult for soldiers to conceal their occupation, it is particularly interesting
that parishrecords of the 1640s should so often feature hybrid descriptions
such as ‘three distressed Souldiers which came out of Ireland’, and ‘two
poore soldiers taken by the Turkes’.78 Other variations on the theme
Zwickau residents in the parishrecords is
actually easier than in the years before the Thirty Years War. The members of the suburban
parish of St Maurice were ‘adopted’ by the parish of St Catherine’s in the years between
the destruction of St Maurice’s in 1632 and its reconstruction in a new, likewise suburban
location in 1680. For these years, all Zwickau baptisms and funerals therefore appear in the
records of the inner-city parishes St Mary’s and St Catherine’s, which have survived in series. In order to answer the question asked at the beginning of this section
dominant white male
authority, whether exercised by individual men or by the state. Parishrecords in Barbados reveal the implication of the vestry in the regulation
of poor white women’s behaviour, through the dispensation or
withholding of poor relief. Across the Atlantic, North Carolina’s
authorities similarly deployed the legal apparatus to punish unruly women.
Few court records of the plantation era in Barbados have survived
not all) of the covert copies were made at the source, rather than the
destination, of the letter, and it is again the Burley correspondence that
suggests that Parkhurst went to Ireland with Essex’s expedition in 1599:
1 Pearsall Smith, Wotton, II, 476.
2 CKS, Lenham ParishRecords.
The Burley manuscript
there are copies in his hand of two letters from Wotton (items 296 and
297) and one from Henry Goodere (item 462), both of whom were on
that unhappy campaign.
The next indication we have of Parkhurst’s career is a mysterious one:
on f. 40 of the
tied into debates about methodology, it easily became divorced from
the amateur audience, while offering a range of new ideas and thinking developed by academics. Most notable among these was the study
of parishrecords for family reconstitution, which in one sense is
simply a more academic approach to building a family tree; but there
are others, and this can produce tension between the academic and the
non-academic – sometimes expressed in relation to what are perceived
to be the priorities pursued by archivists.
This is pointless. There are large numbers of
to the economic situation of the villagers and the major cultural changes
under way in the area, what best contextualizes the events of 1808 are the
personal tragedies in Great Paxton in the preceding period, calamities that
outline the tension, anxiety and unexplained phenomena – to paraphrase
Macfarlane’s useful remark – present in Great Paxton. According to the
parishrecords, Mary Hook, one of those imprisoned for
repository for the deposit of the
records of the bishopric and individual parishes. Usually this was the
county archives office, thus bringing together parishrecords, with
local authority records, with the papers of landed families.
Today there are record offices in every part of the United Kingdom,
staffed by experts in record management, conservation, and production. The Historical Manuscripts Commission, part of TNA, oversees
and maintains standards. It maintains the National Register of
Archives, and in June 2006 listed 2,003 record repositories in the United
Royalist hospital provision during the First Civil War
Eric Gruber von Arni
downstream from Oxford, the effects were soon
evident. The parishrecords of St Helen’s, Abingdon recorded a total of 184
burials during the summer of 1643, of which more than a third (sixty-six)
were those of soldiers.24 In late May sixteen irate and influential royalist
commanders presented a nine-point petition to the King’s Council of War.
In addition to measures aimed at preserving the army’s fighting strength,
this influential lobby requested a supply of shoes and stockings, better food
supplies, regimental wagons for use as ambulances, the establishment of