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Negotiated Exceptions at Risk of Manipulation
Maelle L’Homme

threat and vulnerable. For example, in Syria, the term ‘humanitarian corridor’ has been used widely to refer to the ‘sheltering’ of all civilians (in Aleppo in 2016, in Eastern Ghouta in 2018 and in Rubkan in 2019), whereas in reference to Gaza, the term referred to evacuation routes for the wounded only, set up as part of humanitarian pauses lasting a few hours. More recently, the term took on yet another meaning to designate a specific mechanism of relocating refugees from Lebanon, Ethiopia and Libya to Italy and France, under memoranda of understanding signed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Building High-tech Castles in the Air?
Anisa Jabeen Nasir Jafar

may not even be nationals of that host country is fraught with difficulty. Paper records in this setting have their own challenges; however, electronic records and the ease with which data can be stored and transported is a whole other realm. To tread this path without robust safeguards and specialist input could lead a team and their data to be very vulnerable. This piece does not seek to provide an answer to how best to handle medical documentation in disasters. It simply asks us to pause and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan
and
Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

disrupt the idea that the challenges we face are ‘unprecedented’ and require the constant pursuit of new solutions. This is particularly urgent in the pressurised environment in which NGOs operate. If there is no time to pause, and to analyse and review, how can change occur? How can we adapt and digest the findings of endless evaluations and research projects without the space to engage in the reflective process? This, we suggest, is why collaboration is important. Academic

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

, journalists and civil society activists, a large portion of whom were Tutsi. After a couple of days, the violence paused, as more moderate elements sought to stop its spread. But as the international community made clear that it would take no action against the country, more extremist elements used the spread of the violence to consolidate their positions. They then spread the killing systematically through the country and made it more specifically focused on Tutsi. In other words, Guichaoua is arguing that rather than being the result of a careful master plan, Rwanda

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez
and
Ammar Sabouni

). In late October, the GoS and its allies proposed a pause in their campaign, and they set up what were called ‘humanitarian corridors’, urging the population to evacuate eastern Aleppo. However, opposition groups and civilians refused to surrender. The military campaign resumed with heavy aerial bombardment to force residents to flee the city. In November 2016, the GoS used chlorine gas in targeting residential areas and civilian infrastructure in eastern Aleppo ( Guardian , 2016 ). Consequently, the opposition, alongside the remaining civilians, were trapped in a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

Across the early decades of the seventeenth century, Englishmen and women moved through a physical, social, and mental world organised into a carefully maintained balance of motion and pause. This book examines how seventeenth-century English architectural theorists and designers rethought the domestic built environment in terms of mobility, as motion became a dominant mode of articulating the world across discourses. These discourses encompassed philosophy, political theory, poetry, and geography. From mid-century, the house and estate that had evoked staccato rhythms became triggers for mental and physical motion-evoking travel beyond England's shores, displaying vistas, and showcasing changeable wall surfaces. The book sets in its cultural context a strand of historical analysis stretching back to the nineteenth century Heinrich Wolfflin. It brings together the art, architectural, and cultural historical strands of analysis by examining why seventeenth-century viewers expected to be put in motion and what the effects were of that motion. Vistas, potentially mobile wall surface, and changeable garden provided precisely the essential distraction that rearticulated social divisions and assured the ideal harmony. Alternately feared and praised early in the century for its unsettling unpredictability, motion became the most certain way of comprehending social interactions, language, time, and the buildings that filtered human experience. At the heart of this book is the malleable sensory viewer, tacitly assumed in early modern architectural theory and history whose inescapable responsiveness to surrounding stimuli guaranteed a dependable world from the seventeenth century.

Abstract only
Sam Rohdie

Montage (2) The juxtapositions of fragments in Histoire(s) du cinéma (1988–98) are of v­ arious kinds accomplished by various means. They involve angles, light, ­surface, depth, duration (acceleration, slow motion, flickering), graphic lines ­(verticality, horizontality), scale and dimension. Some are rhetorical, poetic or musical: condensations, inversions, correspondences, contraries, d ­ issonances, contrasts, rhythms, pauses, repetitions, refrains, rhymes, succession, tempo, conflation. Some, while formal and rhetorical, ­specifically involve recurrent

in Film modernism
Kimberley Skelton

2 Early seventeenth-century staccato  boundaries Across the early decades of the seventeenth century, Englishmen and -women moved through a physical, social, and mental world organised into a carefully maintained balance of motion and pause. From small to large scale, the seventeenth-century English world depended on the maintenance of static pairings. The human body itself and the broader social harmony rested on balanced opposites. In his Store-house of Varieties of 1601, John Norden informed his readers that the body remained healthy paradoxically because of

in The paradox of body, building and motion in seventeenth-century England
Sam Rohdie

images not shown, a pause in infinitude, rescued as an instant from the oblivion and void of virtuality. The point of hesitation of the exhibited image is crucial, it is a between , between the legibility of the subject and its dissolution into abstraction and informality. It recalls the wondrousness and beauty of Étienne-Jules Marey’s chronophotographs, their dance of movement and light and Marcel

in Montage
Abstract only
Security and enlargement into the twenty-first century
Alistair J.K. Shepherd

: enlargement has not always introduced new problems, but has crystallised crucial problems that the EU seems to have been avoiding. What is less clear is whether the EU will now make a concerted effort to address them. The evidence available since May 2004 suggests that the EU may have missed the opportunity presented by enlargement to pause and fully implement existing security policies. Instead, the EU has

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement