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‘For spirit and adventure’

Between 1921 and 1965, Irish and Scottish migrants continued to seek new homes abroad. This book examines the experience of migration and settlement in North America and Australasia. It goes beyond traditional transnational and diasporic approaches, usually focused on two countries, and considers a range of destinations in which two migrant groups settled. The book aims to reclaim individual memory from within the broad field of collective memory to obtain 'glimpses into the lived interior of the migration processes'. The propaganda relating to emigration emanating from both Ireland and Scotland posited emigration as draining the life-blood of these societies. It then discusses the creation of collective experiences from a range of diverse stories, particularly in relation to the shared experiences of organising the passage, undertaking the voyage out, and arriving at Ellis Island. The depiction at the Ellis Island Museum is a positive memory formation, emphasising the fortitude of migrants. Aware that past recollections are often shaped by contemporary concerns, these memories are also analysed within the broader context in which remembering takes place. The book then examines migrant encounters with new realities in New Zealand, Australia, and Canada. The formal nature of ethnic and national identities for Irish and Scottish migrants, as exhibited by language, customs, and stereotypes, is also explored. The novelty of alleged Irish and Scottish characteristics emphasised in accounts presumably goes some way to explaining the continued interest among the children of migrants. These ongoing transnational connections also proved vital when migrants considered returning home.

Sarah Hackett

This chapter draws upon oral history interviews conducted with members of Wiltshire’s Muslim migrant communities. Through the interviews, migrants’ narratives and histories, and thus the ‘human’ side of the migration process, are detailed, and subjective perceptions and important events and themes in the interviewees’ migratory experiences emerge. A number of insights into Muslim migrant integration in rural Britain are offered, as are interviewees’ experiences, views and observations across a range of areas. These include migration histories and stories of settlement in Wiltshire, and post-settlement experiences in relation to identity formation, employment, housing, education, racism and discrimination, cross-community relations, and religious practices and recognition. Overall, the oral history interviews complement the archival material, reconstructing parts of the county’s post-war history of Muslim minorities’ settlement, experiences and integration that are simply not captured in written sources.

in Britain’s rural Muslims
Open Access (free)
Phoebe Shambaugh

contentious activity which is nonetheless practiced and negotiated by individual human actors with real personal relationships, affective histories and ambitious drive. As the interview by Read reminds us, these personal narratives and narrations have played a significant role in the solidification of a humanitarian professional sector, and for better or worse, these interventions and their reflections form the bedrock of humanitarian mythology. L’Homme’s paper provides a less personal, but still firmly historical, reflection on the ways in which these humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Ford Madox Ford, the novel and the Great War

This book is about Ford Madox Ford, a hero of the modernist literary revolution. Ford is a fascinating and fundamental figure of the time; not only because, as a friend and critic of Ezra Pound and Joseph Conrad, editor of the English Review and author of The Good Soldier, he shaped the development of literary modernism. But, as the grandson of Ford Madox Brown and son of a German music critic, he also manifested formative links with mainland European culture and the visual arts. In Ford there is the chance to explore continuity in artistic life at the turn of the last century, as well as the more commonly identified pattern of crisis in the time. The argument throughout the book is that modernism possesses more than one face. Setting Ford in his cultural and historical context, the opening chapter debates the concept of fragmentation in modernism; later chapters discuss the notion of the personal narrative, and war writing. Ford's literary technique is studied comparatively and plot summaries of his major books (The Good Soldier and Parade's End) are provided, as is a brief biography.

Open Access (free)
Writing about Personal Experiences of Humanitarianism
Róisín Read
Tony Redmond
, and
Gareth Owen

. You both highlight the difficulties and challenges of balancing protecting your personal experiences and privacy with your desire to share a public narrative about humanitarian work. Given the debates that have arisen in recent years about the behaviour of aid workers, especially #AidToo and campaigns to decolonise the sector, perhaps the sector needs to pay more attention to the private narratives of humanitarians, especially those personal narratives that individuals might be hesitant to share. Perhaps these could tell us quite a lot about the challenges that the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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The Radical Power of Personal Narrative

In this bold and exhilarating mix of memoir and writing guide, Melissa Febos tackles the emotional, psychological, and physical work of writing intimately while offering an utterly fresh examination of the storyteller’s life and the challenges it presents. How do we write about the relationships that have formed us? How do we describe our bodies, their desires and traumas? What does it mean to have your writing, or living, dismissed as “navel-gazing”—or else hailed as “so brave, so raw”? And to whom, in the end, do our most intimate stories belong? Drawing on her journey from aspiring writer to acclaimed author and writing professor—via addiction and recovery, sex work and academia—Melissa Febos has created a captivating guide to the writing life, and a brilliantly unusual exploration of subjectivity, privacy, and the power of divulgence. Candid and inspiring, Body Work will empower readers and writers alike, offering ideas—and occasional notes of caution—to anyone who has ever hoped to see their true self reflecting back from the open page.

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Rebecca Jennings

indicative of the broader links between lesbian campaigning and lesbian archives in this period. The Hall Carpenter Oral History Archive, which represents the largest single archive of lesbian and gay personal narratives in the UK, exemplifies these connections between lesbian politics and history. Its history, and that of the larger archive of which it forms a part, is intimately connected with the development of lesbian and gay historical research in Britain and the place of oral history within it. In 1980, the political organisation, the Campaign for Homosexual

in Tomboys and bachelor girls
A personal narrative
Kevin McNamara

9 Reflections on aspects of Labour’s policy towards Northern Ireland, 1966–70: a personal narrative1 Kevin McNamara After my victory in the North Hull by-election on 27 January 1966, I took my seat in the House of Commons three days later. The first letter I received on the Message Board in the Members’ Lobby was from Paddy Byrne, the secretary of the Campaign for Democracy in Ulster (CDU), inviting me to join. I immediately accepted. The only mention of Ireland, north or south of the border, in the by-election campaign had come in the candidate’s customary

in The British Labour Party and twentieth-century Ireland
Jonathan Atkin

coarsening of sensibility and imagination In his Introduction to a volume similar to that of Guy Chapman’s ‘miscellany of the Great War’, though published almost a decade earlier, C.B. Purdom stated that his overwhelming reaction to the various personal narratives of the Great War that he had edited was one of the senselessness of the whole thing. As a method of State action, it had no positive qualities, while on an individual basis, although men managed to retain in many cases their courage and spirit of self-sacrifice, these qualities had begun to lose their intrinsic

in A war of individuals
Panikos Panayi

particular should be interned, while the advice upon those on neutral ships remained ambiguous.96 Personal narratives, together with a few newspaper articles, allow a reconstruction of this policy. Some of those who faced internment were North Sea fishermen. Probably because of their non-literate backgrounds and their greater readiness to accept their fate in contrast to some of the more educated people captured on passenger liners, relatively little survives about this group. A report in the Scotsman in late August 1914 claimed that of 600 men held in a tented camp in

in Prisoners of Britain