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Author: Mary Gilmartin

Migration is one of the key issues in Ireland today. This book provides a new and original approach to understanding contemporary Irish migration and immigration, showing that they are processes that need to be understood together. It focuses on four key themes (work, social connections, culture and belonging) that are common to the experiences of immigrants, emigrants and internal migrants. The Gathering was an Irish government initiative held during 2013, bringing together festivals, concerts, seminars, family reunions under one convenient label, using it as a marketing campaign to encourage members of the Irish diaspora to visit Ireland. The 'Currents of Migration' map, together with the nuances of Ravenstein's discussion of migration, offer us a useful way to think about how we might map migration to and from Ireland. The emphasis on a close relationship between migration decisions and work has resulted in a wide range of research on the topic. The book describes social connections: on the ways in which we create, maintain and extend their social connections through the experience of migration. Migrants change the cultural structures and productions of particular places, and these changes may be welcomed to an extent, particularly in aspiring or already global cities. The temptations and complications of belonging become even more evident in association with migration. The book concludes by advocating for a place-based approach to migration, showing how this focus on Ireland as a specific place adds to our more general knowledge about migration as a process and as a lived experience.

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The place of migration
Mary Gilmartin and Allen White

, migration is alternately conceptualized as a socio-economic process, as the experiences of current or previous migrants, as a mediated social practice, and as an arena for social and public policy. Taken together, the chapters allow us to view migration to and from Ireland as a holistic process with complex and multiscalar geographies and histories. This focus on the migratory process, broadly defined, serves to re-assert the importance of a place-based approach to the study of migration. 3995 Migrations.qxd:text 5/8/13 11:39 Page 229 C ONCLUSION 229 In this

in Migrations
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Lindsay J. Proudfoot and Dianne P. Hall

structure of the book We begin by considering the historiographical contexts for our place-based approach to settler identities. Chapter 2 examines recent historical and geographical literature on empire and colonialism and pays particular attention to its engagement with postcolonial theory. We argue that, although this has led productively to deeper understanding of the

in Imperial spaces
Communities and collaboration along the Irish border
Caroline Creamer and Brendan O’Keeffe

a physical, economic and political barrier to a focus for collaborative action, most notably across small-scale settlements (or micro-regional contexts). It considers how, by engaging in cross-border collaboration, communities have contributed to opening up the border and, in turn, availed of the opportunities that arose through the peace process, leverage of funds and the emergence of collaborative and place-based approaches to rural development and spatial planning. The chapter concludes by assessing how the current economic crash and the actual and pending

in Spacing Ireland
Engaged research on sustainability
Linda Silka

local and place-based approaches play in sustainability. It cannot be assumed that each place is like every other and that what is found in one state applies to all others. Unlike forested states in the western USA, for example, where the forest lands are under federal jurisdiction or have relatively few landowners who retain control over large acreages, Maine has a significant proportion of forested lands in the hands of small woodlot owners, with varying land stewardship responsibilities typically owning but a few acres (Quartuch and Beckley, 2012). Any attempt to

in University engagement and environmental sustainability
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Mary Gilmartin

determine, the lived experiences of migrants. In this final chapter, I want to consider the relationship between migration, place and identity in more detail. Drawing from and building upon the example of Ireland, I discuss first the connection between migration and social change, and second the connection between migration, justice and equality. I conclude by advocating for a place-based approach to migration, showing how this focus on Ireland as a specific place adds to our more general knowledge about migration as a process and as a lived experience. This opening out

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century
Chris Duke, Michael Osborne and Bruce Wilson

marginality, poverty and disadvantage which different communities have faced. They adopted a set of priorities for social inclusion policy and programmes to address: • supporting children at greatest risk of long-term disadvantage by providing health, education and family relationships services; • helping jobless families with children and the vulnerable unemployed by helping the unemployed into sustainable employment and their children into a good start in life; • focusing on the locations of greatest disadvantage by tailoring place-based approaches in partnership with

in A new imperative
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Duncan McTavish

comparative research has indicated similar initiatives tend to focus on individual services rather than the place-based approaches used in Scotland (see Audit Scotland 2016 ), though this perhaps underplays the role of place-based initiatives in comparator countries, given that many local councils internationally have traditionally greater spend and power over service provision than is the case in either Scotland or the rest of the UK. 1 Localisation and the power of place has had a presence in policy thinking in both Scotland and England (less so in Wales and Northern

in Scotland
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Mary Gilmartin

particularly vulnerable to the politics of not belonging, whether through the denial of voting rights to Irish emigrants, changes to citizenship laws in Ireland or the formal lack of legal protection for undocumented migrants at work. Belonging intersects with work, society and culture to raise broader questions about the place of migration in contemporary societies. In Chapter 7, I discuss this in more detail, and show how an expanded place-based approach provides new insights into the relationship between migrants, place and identity. Belonging 145 Notes 1 In contrast

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century
The problem of shrinking cities and economies
Josef W. Konvitz

which can be classified as “worst-performing” contribute almost nothing to aggregate growth. No wonder the OECD, looking for new sources of growth after two years of recession, argued that, if such regions began to grow, the results aggregated at national level could be considerable (OECD, 2011b 44). During this 2008-and-after crisis, however, a place-based approach combines a “help-yourself, self-reliance” morality for endogenous development with a concerted effort to cap national expenditure and debt. The problem as always is timing: until cities and regions perform

in Cities and crisis