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From New Labour to the Big Society
Author: Hugh Atkinson

There is a widespread view that local democracy in Britain is in deep trouble and that people face a crisis of civic engagement and political participation. This book counterweighs the many negative accounts that seek to dominate the political discourse with talks on political apathy and selfish individualism. It commences with an examination of theoretical debates as to the meaning of local democracy and related concepts. The book looks at the policy agenda around local democracy in the context of the developing nature of central/local relations since 1979. It considers the available evidence on level of political participation and civic engagement by looking at eight themes. These include the state of formal politics, forms of civic engagement, community identity and the emerging world of the internet/world wide web. The book also looks at nine key aspects of the reform of local democracy over the last fifteen years, including local democracy and the New Labour reform agenda; the constitutional position of local government; and double devolution. It focuses on the so-called 'crisis of formal democracy' at the local level. The book ascertains the recent developments beyond the realm of elections, political parties and formal political institutions. It then concentrates on local services and policy attempts to widen public participation in the shaping and delivery of such services. Finally, the book discusses the concept of sustainability and regeneration strategies to build sustainable communities, both physical and social.

Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

of a given order but also the power relations essential to it – something that the ‘local turn’ in humanitarian thinking has not done, despite discussion of ‘shifting power’. Without these perspectives informing research and policy agendas, whatever comes next is unlikely to be very different for those previously robbed of power and voice. Mourning the end of an order responsible for mass human suffering, while that suffering continues, then becomes an indulgent act of self-delusion. Bibliography Dussel , E

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Precarity, justice, postcoloniality
Vicki Squire, Nina Perkowski, Dallal Stevens, and Nick Vaughan-Williams

the importance of listening and responding to the demands that emerge from the migratory struggles of people, which otherwise largely go unheard (see Chapter 2 ). Indeed, one of the overarching arguments advanced by Reclaiming Migration is that a preventative policy agenda will continue to fail so long as people on the move are excluded from debates in the field of migratory politics. Providing opportunities for people to take or claim voice, when they are otherwise ignored, is thus critical. We have consequently developed our analysis through a sustained

in Reclaiming migration
Abstract only
Hugh Atkinson

in the subsequent chapters. Chapter 2 analyses the widespread view that we face a crisis of local democracy with such evidence as low electoral turnout and declining membership of political parties. However, this chapter will argue that a more nuanced analysis of the available evidence points to a much complex picture with a wide variety of both informal and formal political activity taking place. Chapter 3 looks at the policy agenda around local democracy in the context of the developing nature of central/local relations since 1979. It provides a broad survey of

in Local democracy, civic engagement and community
Rob Manwaring

on how this might happen. The approach to reinvigorating democracy in Victoria is top-down and centralised, and driven by rather generic goals. Under Steve Bracks, Labor went on to win three subsequent elections, with Bracks standing down in 2007. Under John Brumby, Labor lost the 2010 election. For most of the Bracks era, the GVT plan was the springboard for the government’s policy agenda and its wider democratic renewal agenda. The Bracks government’s approach to inclusive politics The GVT Summit and subsequent plan initiated a broad democratic renewal agenda

in The search for democratic renewal
Open Access (free)
Conceptual links to institutional machineries
Kathleen Staudt

movements towards mainstreaming. Considerable accomplishments have occurred in expanding public policy agendas and establishing connections to mainstream policy. Although the bodies of knowledge about women and gender have grown and become differentiated, there is a remarkable convergence of thought that builds an action momentum. Yet neither gender strategies nor visions have transformed institutional missions. Ultimately, institutional missions must change, for those missions set the stage for the institutional incentives and penalties that structure the opportunities

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Rob Manwaring

(Pratchett 1999). Second, the themes and issues common to the case studies that fall outside this framework are considered. Third, the emergence of the ‘Big Society’ agenda and its links with Labour’s approach to democratic renewal are examined, the Big Society being the flagship policy agenda of David Cameron’s Conservative Coalition government in the UK, by which localism and civic engagement are to be reinvigorated. The Big Society is partly inspired by the work of Phillip Blond, who has recently been promoting this agenda in Australia. As explored below, while

in The search for democratic renewal
The impact of austerity politics in France
Antonella Seddone and Julien Navarro

Introduction The crisis and recession of the late 2000s and early 2010s impacted France as much as other western democracies, producing destabilising effects for the political system as a whole (Hernández & Kriesi, 2015 ; Morlino & Raniolo, 2017 ). Austerity policies were adopted in response to the financial crisis, but inevitably redefined the domestic policy agenda with quite remarkable consequences on electoral behaviour and citizens’ satisfaction with politics as well as on governments’ strategies in building

in The European left and the financial crisis
Open Access (free)
Fragmented structures in a complex system
Andreas Maurer

2444Ch5 3/12/02 5 2:02 pm Page 115 Andreas Maurer1 Germany: fragmented structures in a complex system Introduction: preferences of a tamed power2 Germany’s political class is marked by a positive and constructive attitude towards European integration. The main objective of European policy was and still is to achieve effective and democratic European co-operation and integration.3 All governments and the vast majority of political parties contrive their general European policy agenda around the fundamental aim of far-reaching integration towards some kind

in Fifteen into one?
Chris Duke, Michael Osborne, and Bruce Wilson

engineering, teaching and nursing, have been reframed as higher education studies. This chapter explores the significance of the possible contribution by universities to social inclusion and active citizenship. It notes the influence of different policy agendas and acknowledges the insights of other studies. However, it draws particularly on the learning from the PURE studies across several regions to highlight the different kinds of contributions which can be made by universities. Several issues which undermine the potential effectiveness of these initiatives are noted

in A new imperative