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Towards supranational governance in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

The European Commission had become one of the more contentious actors during both Irish referenda on the Lisbon Treaty. This book discusses the role of the European Commission and institutions more generally, as well as the policy area of justice and home affairs. It argues that it is important to evaluate the role of EU institutions for the process of European integration. The book suggests a reconceptualisation of the framework of supranational policy entrepreneurs (SPEs), which is often referred to by the academic literature that discusses the role of agency in European integration. It focuses on the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) at the policy and treaty levels; primarily on four grounds: academic literature, SPE behaviour, EU's policymaking, and the interplay between treaty negotiations and policy-making. To analyse the role of the European institutions, the book combines an analysis of the Lisbon Treaty in relation to the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice with an analysis of the policy-making in the same area. The public policy model by John Kingdon with constructivist international relations literature is also outlined. The external dimension of counter-terrorism in the EU; the role of the EU institutions in EU asylum and migration; and the role of he Common European Asylum System (CEAS) is discussed. The book also analyses the role of the EU institutions in the communitarisation of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, in the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, and thus subsequently in the Lisbon Treaty.

The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2007

This book examines the intersection between incarceration and human rights. It is about why independent inspection of places of custody is a necessary part of human rights protection, and how that independence is manifested and preserved in practice. Immigration and asylum policies ask crucial questions about national identity, about human rights, and about our values as compassionate citizens in an era of increasingly complex international challenges. The book deals with the future of prisons and shows how the vulnerable population has been unconscionably treated. To arrive at a proper diagnosis of the expansive use and abuse of the prison in the age of economic deregulation and social insecurity, it is imperative that we effect some analytic breaks with the gamut of established approaches to incarceration. The book explores the new realities of criminal confinement of persons with mental illness. It traces the efforts of New Right think-tanks, police chiefs and other policy entrepreneurs to export neoliberal penality to Europe, with England and Wales acting as an 'acclimatization chamber'. In a series of interventions, of which his Oxford Amnesty Lecture is but one, Loic Wacquant has in recent years developed an incisive and invaluable analysis of the rise and effects of what he calls the penal state.

Full text access
Leslie Huckfield

in the 1980s ( Baumgartner and Jones 1991 ; Daigneault 2014 ; White 2012 ). Policy entrepreneurs Today’s interpretations of UK social enterprise and third sector policy development are strongly driven by policy entrepreneurs. The qualities of a successful policy entrepreneur are useful in the process of softening up the system. They lie in wait for a window to open. “In the process of leaping at their

in How Blair killed the co-ops
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Towards supranational governance in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice?
Christian Kaunert

developing a ‘European’ – rather than a ‘national’ – solution. Thus, the aim of this book was to analyse the political role of the EU institutions in the AFSJ. The overarching question in the analysis of this process of constructing an AFSJ was: do European institutions have an emerging capacity to act as supranational policy entrepreneurs? The answers provided in this book are affirmative, and

in European internal security
Christian Kaunert

hardest case for the Commission, or any EU institution, to demonstrate its potential to act as a supranational policy entrepreneur. Nonetheless, it is precisely the area where the EU advanced most significantly after 9/11 with the agreement of the definition on terrorism and the European Arrest Warrant (EAW), as well as counter-terrorist financing, which will be analysed in more detail below. What has

in European internal security
EU policy entrepreneurship?
Christian Kaunert

role of the EU institutions in EU asylum and migration has been significantly underestimated. Contrary to expectations, EU institutions, and especially the European Commission, played the significant role of a supranational policy entrepreneur in this policy area. However, the strategy of the Commission in EU asylum policy was significantly different from its counter-terrorism strategy. While the

in European internal security
Christian Kaunert and Dr Sarah Leonard

supranational policy entrepreneur in the policy area; yet, it changed its strategy significantly from its role in counter-terrorism. It never attempted to construct refugees as a threat, and even actively resisted this. The so-called ‘external dimension’ or ‘internationalisation’ of the EU immigration and asylum policy has become increasingly important in recent years from both policy

in European internal security
Christian Kaunert

of the European Commission, acting to initiate and push for a process of normative change among EU decisionmakers, as well as concrete institutional change, which is both part of its role as a supranational policy entrepreneur. Prior to the Convention: Commission entrepreneurship by officials? According to Sir Adrian Fortescue ( 1995 ), then the Director of the General

in European internal security
Lan Loader

Studies’ World Prison Brief lends some support to this view, or at least indicates a gulf in penal practice between the US and Western Europe.11 Wacquant’s rejoinder is three-pronged. First, he traces the efforts of New Right think-tanks, police chiefs and other policy entrepreneurs to export neoliberal penality to Europe – with England and Wales acting as an ‘acclimatization chamber’.12 Second, he points to what he argues is the hyperincarceration of migrants and foreign nationals in Europe’s prisons, a measure by which European penal systems look more severe and

in Incarceration and human rights
Ingi Iusmen

Romanian children’s case, facilitated the onset of a range of feedback effects in the EU’s internal and external policy dimensions. This chapter provides evidence supporting the feedback effects triggered by the Romanian children’s case at the EU level. It is argued that the feedback effects amounted to the introduction of children’s rights as an EU issue in EU internal policy, which generated policy development processes; while, in EU enlargement policy, elements of policy continuation have become entrenched. It is demonstrated that EU policy entrepreneurs seized the

in Children’s rights, Eastern enlargement and the EU human rights regime