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Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

. Initiatives, policies, programmes and legislation must address broad determinants to enable radical improvement in mental health interventions, as recognised by the Global Declaration on Universal Health Coverage ( Political Declaration of the High-Level Meeting on Universal Health Coverage, 2019 ). The strong association between mental health and poverty, inequality and poor physical health is obvious; ‘multidirectional pathways’ can produce a cycle of disadvantage leading to psychosocial

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Tories after 1997
Editors: and

The Conservative Party's survival as a significant political force was now open to serious question for the first time since the crisis over the Corn Laws. The Labour Party has commanded a fairly consistent level of attention, whether in office or in opposition. But it seems that the Conservatives are fated to be regarded either as unavoidable or irrelevant. This book presents an analysis that suggests that the party leader plays a less important role in Conservative recoveries than a distinctive policy programme and an effective party organization. It examines the Conservative position on a series of key issues, highlighting the difficult dilemmas which confronted the party after 1997, notably on economic policy. New Labour's acceptance of much of the main thrust of Thatcherite economic policy threw the Conservatives off balance. The pragmatism of this new position and the 'In Europe, not run by Europe' platform masked a significant move towards Euro-skepticism. The book also traces how the Scottish Conservative and Unionist Parties adapted to the creation of the Scottish Parliament, exploring the re-organisation of the Scottish party, its electoral fortunes and political prospects in the new Scottish politics. It examines issues of identity and nationhood in Conservative politics in the 1997-2001 period, focusing on the 'English Question' and the politics of 'race'. The predictable results of the Conservatives' failure to develop an attractive, consistent narrative are then analysed. Right-wing populist parties with charismatic leaders enjoyed some electoral success under the proportional representation systems in 2002.

Open Access (free)
Mark Garnett
Philip Lynch

, though, it implies that only a combination of successful policy renewal with a run of serious misfortunes for the Blair government could have propelled the Tories back into office after one term of opposition; even Winston Churchill’s reinvigorated party took two elections to come back. Ball’s analysis suggests that the party leader plays a less important role in Conservative recoveries than a distinctive policy programme and an effective party organisation. This may be somewhat surprising, given the current media obsession with leaders. Immediately after the last

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Claire Edwards

, classifications and numbers to ‘make up’ people and spaces (Hacking, 1982, 2006; Kurunmäki and Miller, 2008; Larner and LeHeron, 2005), and the ways in which these categorisations are interpreted and made operable in various ways by those who work with them. My particular focus in this chapter is on exploring the spaces in-between the rationalities of particular policy programmes on the one hand, and the end point of many Foucauldian studies, namely the creation of self-governing subjects, on the other. Following the call of Barnett et al. (2008) for a more critical questioning

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
Abstract only
Geoffrey K. Roberts

The role of parties and the legal context Political parties play a highly significant role in the political system of the Federal Republic. Indeed, from time to time critics have alleged that they play too great a role (see below). The type of democratic system the Federal Republic enjoys has been called by some experts: ‘party government’, a concept which includes the ideas that parties give coherence and direction to government through their policy programmes, that governments depend upon popular election (and, in many cases, on the inter-party bargaining

in German politics today (third edition)
Geoff Horn

in a difficult position. Having invested so much political capital in calling for moderation and conciliation from the trade unions, Prentice became a member of a government that had effectively been brought to power by trade union militancy. He had openly opposed the Left’s policy proposals, much of which was contained in the Party’s election manifesto. He and some of his fellow Labour ministers were charged with implementing a policy programme that was not entirely to their liking. Of the manifestos presented to the electorate by the two main parties, the

in Crossing the floor
Stephen Benedict Dyson

5 September 11 and the ‘war on terror’ Tony Blair’s response to the September 11 2001 attacks was one of unequivocal support for the United States, a framing of the situation in stark terms of good and evil, and elucidation of an ambitiously proactive foreign policy programme to prevent the re-occurrence of attacks of such magnitude. It was therefore quite consistent with the policy style rooted in Blair’s personality traits that had crystallized during the Kosovo war. The period following September 11 saw the prime minister, with his foreign policy approach set

in The Blair identity
Agnès Maillot

, it would be next to impossible to achieve meaningful progress by force of arms only. Politics became a buzzword, and shorter-term objectives were set. With the adoption of the ‘Armalite and ballot box’ strategy 7 in 1981, which led Sinn Féin to play a more active role in the political arena, it was essential to put forward policy programmes that not only dealt with a hypothetical future, but that tackled concrete day-to-day issues. For the first time since the early 1920s, Sinn Féin was actually putting together a

in Rebels in government
Abstract only
Valuing a disappearing world
Adrienne Buller

The final chapter highlights how the emerging green capitalist policy programme – from nature as a financial asset to the untenability of ‘decoupled’ growth – comes up at every turn against the physical constraints of a global economy marred by inequality, and a natural world whose complexity cannot be efficiently priced and traded nor converted to terms compliant with optimising financial risk profiles.

in The Value of a Whale
Case studies from Denmark and England

The inhabitants of most OECD countries tend to regard state intervention in the everyday lives of individual citizens and in society at large with certain scepticism. Health promotion is really not about curing diseases or even about preventing diseases. The overall aim of this book is to provide a critical understanding of current health promotion ideas and practices unfolding in liberal democracies. It identifies and discusses the merits and the limitations of the most influential political science and sociological analyses seeking to critically address contemporary politics of health. Foucault's analytics of power and government are discussed. The book then seeks to provide a solid understanding of the wider political context of health promotion in England and Denmark, examining obesity control in these regions. It also analyses how and why psychiatric patients, particularly those with chronic mental illness in England and Denmark, are urged to take charge of their mental illness with reference to the notion of rehabilitation. Key shifts in predominant forms of political rationalities and expert knowledge on how best to treat psychiatric patients are also analysed. Finally, the book examines how expert knowledge and political rationalities informed political interventions (policies, programmes, and technologies) in an attempt to promote rehabilitation along with increased implementation of community- based treatment. It summarizes the analytical findings regarding the governing of citizens through lifestyle and rehabilitation respectively. Further research is required on the politics of health promotion.