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Medical culture and identity in provincial England, c.1760–1850
Author: Michael Brown

This book talks about late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century English medical culture, a study of what it meant to be a doctor and how this changed over time. It presents a brief overview of the social, economic and cultural landscape of late eighteenth-century York. Medical culture and identity in late eighteenth-century York took shape within a social landscape shaped by the values of gentility, polite sociability and civic belonging. The book examines the role of intellectual liberality, demonstrating how public displays of polite and 'ornamental' learning were central to the performance of medico-gentility. It explores the incipient demise of this culture. Through a close reading of a scandal which enveloped the York Lunatic Asylum, it also explores the ways in which medical identities founded upon gentility and politeness were critically undermined by the political and social factionalism. The book looks at medical involvement in the provincial scientific movement, examining how local medical men positioned themselves relative to the so-called 'march of intellect', the cultural and ideological alignment between science and social reform. It continues this analysis in relation to the cholera epidemic of 1832 and other medico-political activities. The book considers how the professional dominion over healthcare was forged by the dual processes of inclusion and exclusion. It discusses the foundation of the Medical School in 1834 against the trial, in the same year, of a local salesman for James Morison's 'Universal Vegetable Medicine'.

Medicine and the world of letters
Michael Brown

Gregory’s lectures, Withers’ book was addressed to the aspiring practitioner and outlined the type of education and forms of behaviour he deemed necessary for the successful physician. Withers was clearly a man who valued politeness, learning and social grace. Although published in London, his Treatise was dedicated to the York solicitor and Doctors Club member, Peter Johnson: Your character in the literary world is too well known to receive any additional lustre from my pen. In private and public life, the excellency of your conduct has been equally conspicuous; as is

in Performing medicine
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A masculine legacy of taste
Emma Gleadhill

, which ostensibly formed the standard of taste in fashion as well as in polite learning. In the succeeding decades, however, the macaroni grew into an excessive and inauthentic effeminate figure symbolising the foreign contagion of luxurious consumption, with the Oxford Magazine reporting in 1770 of a kind of animal, neither male nor female, a thing of the neuter gender, latterly started up amongst us. It is called a Macaroni. It talks without meaning, it smiles without pleasantry, it eats

in Taking travel home
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Carolyn Steedman

-literates, and those wishing to acquire polite learning, were told the meaning of her name: ‘Her name is derived from the Greek … glory, or … to celebrate’ (1742); ‘named from Glory … from the Famousness of to have a True Taste for the Beauties of Poetry, Sculpture and Painting. By N. Tindal, Translator of Rapin, J. Dodsley, and R. Horsfield, London, 1764. 14 Horace, The Odes, Epodes, and Carmen Seculare of Horace, Translated into English Prose … Together with the Original Latin from the Best Editions, by David Watson MA, J.  Oswald, London, 1712; Alexander Adam, A Summary of

in Poetry for historians
British imperial geology in the nineteenth century
Robert A. Stafford

building stone. The cultural and economic interests of the elite thus fused in incorporating science into the tradition of polite learning. The activities of Banks and Greville illustrate this meshing of interest in the scientific development of private estates and imperial possessions, while the Royal Institute exemplifies the same phenomena at the institutional level. Founded in London in 1799, the Royal

in Imperialism and the natural world
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Collecting and connoisseurship
Katie Donington

of the Society’s operations. 131 The relationship between applied technological science as a producer of income and as a signifier of polite learning meant it was taken up with great enthusiasm by the aspirant upper-middle-classes. 132 Kenneth Cozens has pointed to the high proportion of merchant men within the Society, suggesting that membership increased the impact of their lobbying activities at

in The bonds of family
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A new apology for the builder
Conor Lucey

state of polite learning (1759), ch. 11, ‘Of Universities’. 94 Bermingham, ‘Introduction’, p. 12. 95 Garrison, Two carpenters, p. 15. 96 Clarke, Building capitalism, p. 74. 97 Alice T. Friedman, ‘The way you do the things you do: writing the history of houses and housing’, Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 58:3 (1999): 407–8. 25

in Building reputations
Peter M. Jones

Latitudinarian religion, polite learning and rational recreation. It was wrecked by a recrudescence of unbridled enthusiasm – on both sides. Yet Industrial Enlightenment continued unabated, with natural philosophy now increasingly channelled towards the economically useful and the uncontentious. Whether science in the form of popular philosophic spectacle had any direct bearing on the patterning of the riots is difficult to judge. Commentators such as Edmund Burke and Edward Gibbon, who dubbed the Birmingham outrages an object lesson in why natural philosophy should be kept

in Industrial Enlightenment
Rosalind Powell

would have been designed for dramatic drawing-room readings. Instead, we can look for cues within the dialogues themselves for the kinds of polite learning spaces and materials that the reader is being encouraged to seek out in their leisure hours. Alice Walter’s comment that ‘the pursuit of polite science was … presented as complementary to the pursuit of politeness itself’ applies both to the learner within each dialogue and to its readers. 22 The astronomical dialogues exploit a wide range of domestic situations for which

in Perception and analogy
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Geoff Baker

earliest mention of Blundell as author, upon which it appears that all other attributions rest, was made in 1736 in John Seacombe’s history of the Stanley family. In a brief description of the Isle of Man, he noted that he used a history that was written by the Great and Learned Mr. Blundell of Crosby, who prudently retir’d thither during the time of the Usurpation, whereby he preserv’d his Person in peace and security, and his Estate from all manner of depredation: This Gentleman being a Person of Polite Learning, employ’d his leisure hours in collecting the History and

in Reading and politics in early modern England