Search results

Concepts and practice

2 Conflation in political gardening: concepts and practice Lucy Rose Wright and Ross Fraser Young Introduction This chapter introduces the re-​emerging political characteristic of urban gardening (UG) (Certomà and Tornaghi, 2015). Our contribution presents an understanding of the importance process has for a group seeking spatial justice through engagement in UG. The garden’s local political environment shapes the process by which a group seeks to tackle localised spatial injustice. Spatial justice refers to ‘an intentional and focused emphasis on the spatial

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice

It is increasingly clear that, alongside the spectacular forms of justice activism, the actually existing just city results from different everyday practices of performative politics that produce transformative trajectories and alternative realities in response to particular injustices in situated contexts. The massive diffusion of urban gardening practices (including allotments, community gardens, guerrilla gardening and the multiple, inventive forms of gardening the city) deserve special attention as experiential learning and in-becoming responses to spatial politics, able to articulate different forms of power and resistance to the current state of unequal distribution of benefits and burdens in the urban space. While advancing their socio-environmental claims, urban gardeners make evident that the physical disposition of living beings and non-living things can both determine and perpetuate injustices or create justice spaces.

In so doing, urban gardeners question the inequality-biased structuring and functioning of social formations (most notably urban deprivation, lack of public decision and engagement, and marginalisation processes); and conversely create (or allow the creation of) spaces of justice in contemporary cities.

This book presents a selection of contributions investigating the possibility and capability of urban gardeners to effectively tackle spatial injustice; and it offers the readers sound, theoretically grounded reflections on the topic. Building upon on-the-field experiences in European cities, it presents a wide range of engaged scholarly researches that investigate whether, how and to what extent urban gardening is able to contrast inequalities and disparities in living conditions.

‘right to the city’ claims and called for the re-​appropriation of public urban space by following Lefebvre’s seminal work (1968). Progressively, urban gardening practices became characterised as ‘political gardening’ (Certomà and Tornaghi, 2015), whose major roots are in the famous Liz Christy’s and the Green Guerrilla group’s intervention in New  York, in the 1970s, aimed at recovering abandoned areas of the city used as dumps and granting local inhabitants enjoyable green space (McKay, 2011). Since then, collective or community gardens have been created thanks to

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice

gardeners move from resilience and survival to the reworking of specific problems and to oppositional awareness and resistance (Eizenberg, 2016). By bringing the process of political gardening to the fore, Wright and Fraser emphasise the DNA of the gardens rather than marking its trajectory as a movement or full-​fledged resistance. 159 160 Urban gardening and the struggle for justice ‘The right to the city is like a cry and a demand’ (Lefebvre, 1996 [1967], cited in Marcuse, 2009) of those who usually lack most other rights, such as property rights and citizenship

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice
Securing or denying minorities’ right to the city?

Metropolitan Region. Geoforum 38: 287–​298. Eurostat (2014):  Eurostat Statistical Books:  Living Conditions in Europe. Luxembourg: European Union. Follmann, A. and Viehoff, V. (2015):  A green garden on red clay:  creating a new urban common as a form of political gardening in Cologne, Germany. Local Environment 20 (10): 1148–​1174. Ghose, R. and Pettygrove, M. (2014): Actors and networks in urban community gardens. Geoforum 53: 93–​103. Harvey, D. (2003): The right to the city. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 27 (4): 939–​941. Harvey, D. (2008): The

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice
A Capability Approach based analysis from the UK and Ireland

: Cambridge University Press. Bateson, G. (1979): Mind and Nature: A Necessary Unity. Hampton: Hampton Press. Campbell, A. (1976):  Subjective measures of well-​ being. American Psychologist 31 (2): 117–​124. Certomà, C. and Tornaghi, C. (2015): Political gardening: transforming cities and political agency. Local Environment 20 (10): 1123–​1131. 137 138 Urban gardening and the struggle for justice Clavin, A. (2011): Realising ecological sustainability in community gardens: a Capability Approach. Local Environment 16 (10): 945–​962. Eizenberg, E. and Fenster, T. (2015): Reframing

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice