Search results

A poststructuralist moral theory for the twenty-first century
Author: Mark Olssen

To understand how subjects are constructed socially and historically in terms of power, and how they act through power on others and on themselves, but not to see this as a purely random process or activity where ‘anything goes’, or conversely, portray ethical actions in terms of fixed universal rules or specified teleological ends, constitutes the objective of this book. What a normative Foucault can offer us, I claim, is a critical ethics of the present that is well and truly beyond Kant, Hegel. and Marx, and which can guide action and conduct for the twenty-first century.

Abstract only
European integration as a system of conflict resolution in the Franco-German relationship (1950–63)
Boyka Stefanova

Peterson 2001). It moves beyond the efficiency criteria of functionalism. Europeanisation captures the process of adaptation, learning, politicisation, and change in public perceptions (Olsen 2007). It fits well with the premises of domestic political pluralism. EEC governance structures and policies had tangible political relevance. They created pressures for reconsideration of interests, incentives for

in The Europeanisation of conflict resolution
Abstract only
The politics of humanitarian exceptionalism
Philip Cunliffe

organising principle of ultra­political realism, a projection of political identity that requires 114 Cosmopolitan Dystopia.indb 114 06/01/2020 16:21:42 The politics of humanitarian exceptionalism the suppression of political pluralism and the homogenisation of different political actors (as with democratisation by force). Huysmans sees Blairism in its crusading mode – the era of prime minister Tony Blair’s 2003 Labour Party conference speech – as exemplifying this ultrapolitical realism, as well as the neoconservative policies of the first George W. Bush administration

in Cosmopolitan dystopia
John Anderson

traditionally dominant, official attitudes towards religious pluralism, as well as to dissent within church ranks, gives out the message that the churches have at best a lukewarm commitment to social and political pluralism. From some perspectives this may be theologically understandable, but it also means that in societies where the future of democracy may still be at issue the churches rarely appear as leading advocates of democratic governance, instead tending to serve as reluctant followers of broader political trends – whether they tend towards further democratisation

in Christianity and democratisation
Open Access (free)
Domestic change through European integration
Otmar Höll, Johannes Pollack, and Sonja Puntscher-Riekmann

2444Ch14 3/12/02 14 2:05 pm Page 337 Otmar Höll, Johannes Pollack and Sonja Puntscher-Riekmann Austria: domestic change through European integration Introduction: ambivalence as ‘Leitmotiv’ Austria’s attitude towards the (West) European integration process after 1945 has been ambivalent at best.1 The Second Republic was designed as a democratic system, based on political pluralism and party competition. However, its political culture and its real character (Realverfassung), because of its strong corporatist elements, developed into the typical features of

in Fifteen into one?
Abstract only
The vain search for legal unity in the fragmentation of global law
Andreas Fischer-Lescano and Gunther Teubner

Global legal pluralism, however, is not simply a result of political pluralism, but instead the expression of deep contradictions between colliding sectors of a global society. At its core, the fragmentation of global law is not simply about legal norm collisions or policy conflicts. Its origin lies in contradictions between society-wide institutionalised rationalities, which law cannot solve, but which

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis
Matt Sleat

6 The partisan foundations of liberal realism The aim of this chapter is to explore the ramifications for liberal theory of taking seriously the fact of political pluralism that incorporating the realist vision of politics demands. Any political theory that requires addressing or managing pluralism, be it moral, religious or political, will need to have an account of the origin and nature of that disagreement, for this will be crucial in determining the appropriate response. Realism has offered several different such accounts ranging from the clash of interests

in Liberal realism
Pressure from the countryside
Allison Drew

amongst French soldiers, sabotaged war provisions in factories and organised supplies, medical aid and shelter for urban guerrillas. 105 The PCA was caught between the French state’s fear of Soviet expansion and the FLN’s intolerance of communism and political pluralism. Thus, communists often remained suspect in the eyes of ALN leaders, a suspicion that deepened after the Soummam congress

in We are no longer in France
Communists in Colonial Algeria
Author: Allison Drew

This book recovers the lost history of Algeria's communist movement and its complex relationship with Algerian nationalism. The movement's shifting fortunes reflected both Algeria's largely rural class structure and the country's complex national and international dynamics. Algeria's de facto colonial relationship with France was critical. Algeria's Communist movement began in 1920 with a virtually all European membership as a region of the Parti Communiste Franҫais (PCF). The Parti Communiste Algérien (PCA) formed in 1936 remained close to the PCF during the Popular Front and Second World War years. But from the late 1940s growing numbers of Muslims joined the PCA, attracted by its concern with social justice and alienated by the nationalist movement's factionalism. This demographic change compelled the PCA to address the issue of national liberation. With the launch of armed struggle in November 1954, the PCA faced a classic socialist dilemma – organisational autonomy or dissolution and merger into the broader Front de Libération National (FLN). Increasingly independent of the PCF, the PCA maintained its organisational autonomy, while participating fully in the war of independence. Despite suffering severe repression during the war, at independence Algerian Communists refused to disband, seeing themselves as part of a long-term socialist movement that could be rebuilt. While the FLN promoted a one-party socialist state, the PCA promoted a pluralist political system. The PCA's hopes for political pluralism were shattered when it was banned by the one-party state in November 1962. The June 1965 military coup shut down all public political space.

Mark Olssen

Political pluralism: Montesquieu’s conception William Connolly says that ‘pluralism is not the same as “cultural relativism”, “absolute tolerance”, or “the abandonment of all standards”’ ( 2005b : 41). He acknowledges that ‘many critics … treat these perspectives as if they were the same’ ( 2005b : 41). Connolly defines cultural relativism as ‘the view that you should support the culture that is dominant in a particular place’ ( 2005b : 41). In my language, cultural relativism specifies no principle or standard that can justify or be appealed to on moral or

in Constructing Foucault’s ethics