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A comparative study of compulsory voting
Author: Sarah Birch

This is a book-length study of compulsory voting. About a quarter of all democracies in the contemporary world legally oblige their citizens to vote, making this an important aspect of electoral systems in many settings. Moreover, numerous commentators and policy-makers in voluntary voting states are coming to see mandatory attendance at the polls as an attractive option in the context of declining turnout. Yet, we know relatively little about this practice beyond its effects on rates of electoral participation; there has been a dearth of systematic examination of the way in which compulsory voting shapes attitudes, behaviour and outcomes in the political process. This book seeks to fill that gap by providing a comprehensive description, analysis and evaluation of compulsory voting as it is practiced throughout the world. Specifically, the study systematically examines the history of the institution, the normative arguments for and against it, and the influence it has on a range of political phenomena. These include electoral campaigns, political attitudes, electoral integrity and legitimacy, policy outcomes and turnout. The book also considers the feasibility of introducing compulsory voting in a contemporary democracy, as well as variations on the institution designed to broaden its appeal.

The growth of legal consciousness from Magna Carta to the Peasants’ Revolt
Author: Anthony Musson

This book is intended as both a history of judicial developments in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries and as a contribution to the intellectual history of the period. The dates 1215 and 1381 mark significant turning points in English history. The product of legal culture and experiences, 'legal consciousness' can be seen both as an active element shaping people's values, beliefs and aspirations and also as a passive agent providing a reserve of knowledge, memory and reflective thought, influencing not simply the development of the law and legal system, but also political attitudes. Focusing on the different contexts of law and legal relations, the book aims to shift the traditional conceptual boundaries of 'law', portraying both the law's inherent diversity and its multi-dimensional character. By offering a re-conceptualisation of the role of the law in medieval England, the book aims to engage the reader in new ways of thinking about the political events occurring during these centuries. It considers the long-term effects of civil lawyer, Master John Appleby's encounter with forces questioning royal government and provides a new explanation for the dangerous state of affairs faced by the boy-king during the Peasants' Revolt over a century and a half later. The book puts forward the view that the years subsequent to the signing of Magna Carta yielded a new (and shifting) perspective, both in terms of prevailing concepts of 'law' and 'justice' and with regard to political life in general.

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An action-fuelled filmic decade?
Ben Lamb

engage in debates surrounding class and gender inequality in light of second-wave feminism and the fracturing postwar settlement. The chapter will inspect how each series negotiated a changing public and political attitude towards crime that was increasingly sympathetic to the rational-actor model of thinking. Production context The Sweeney and

in You’re nicked
Daniel Stevens and Nick Vaughan-Williams

four specific threats of terrorism, immigration, the economy, and environmental degradation at the global, national, community, and personal levels – and political attitudes and behaviours. While there are other reasons to understand the origins of perceptions of security threats, the issue becomes of less political import if these perceptions do not lead to the kinds of compromises in democratic

in Everyday security threats
Anthony Musson

reserve of knowledge, memory and reflective thought, influencing not simply the development of the law and legal system, but also political attitudes. The law in some form or other touched the lives of the entire population of medieval England. Focusing on the different contexts of law and legal relations, this book aims to shift the traditional conceptual boundaries of ‘law’, portraying both the law

in Medieval law in context
Abstract only
Daniel Stevens and Nick Vaughan-Williams

also been at the forefront of public consciousness. Some argue that perceptions of threat from changing lifestyles have contributed to a restructuring of American politics (Hetherington and Weiler, 2009 ). It is not only these salient global and national level issues that may be perceived as security threats and that may influence political attitudes and behaviours. Other threats that are closer to

in Everyday security threats
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

Devolution Issues concerning women 171 12 Devolution ➤ Review of the background to devolution ➤ Past attempts to introduce devolution ➤ Analysis of the reasons why devolution was introduced after 1997 ➤ How devolution was implemented in various parts of the UK ➤ Analysis of different political attitudes towards devolution ➤ Speculation as to how successful the implementation of devolution has been BACKGROUND Movements which were dedicated to the introduction of greater selfgovernment for Britain’s national regions can be traced back as far as the nineteenth

in Understanding British and European political issues
Open Access (free)
Steven Fielding

of the ‘scientific and technological revolution’ and the promotion of ‘the white heat of technological change’. Members drawn from across the party believed Wilson had given Labour a new vision for a new era.2 This chapter examines the development of Labour strategy between 1959 and 1966 and highlights the debate it provoked, as this revealed how members thought their party should best respond to change. Hugh Gaitskell and his successor assumed – just like many other contemporaries – that rising incomes had restructured society and that popular political attitudes

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
Marta Kempny

the perceptions of Polish settlers have shifted over time. It also endeavours to address the reactions of interviewees to changes in social and political attitudes in the UK in the wake of the Brexit vote. There are about thirty thousand Polish nationals in Northern Ireland, the majority residing in Belfast. These Polish migrants were usually young adults when they arrived in Northern Ireland, and they have been economically active since the very beginning of their stay. Although migration is not a new phenomenon in Northern Ireland, it has

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Jon Lawrence

Class Structure, p. 193; Affluent Worker Study Files, Home Interviews, Box 12, Case 117. 30 Goldthorpe et al., The Affluent Worker in the Class Structure, p. 193. See also John H. Goldthorpe, David Lockwood, Frank Bechhofer and Jennifer Platt, The Affluent Worker: Political Attitudes and Behaviour (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968). 31 For a discussion of this distinction see Jon Lawrence, Speaking for the People: Party, Language and Popular Politics in England, 1867–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), chapter 3. 32 See Rose, Influencing

in The art of the possible