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Democratisation with Chinese characteristics
Neil Collins and Andrew Cottey

3835 Understanding Chinese:Layout 1 12/7/12 11:05 Page 101 4 Political change and its limits: democratisation with Chinese characteristics Many countries claim to be democracies and the criteria for inclusion in the democratic category are necessarily very broad. They must accommodate a plethora of institutional and cultural circumstances. Variations include political systems centred on parliaments, presidencies and popular initiatives. The reason that democracy is invoked so often as an ideal is that it confers legitimacy on the exercise of power which, in

in Understanding Chinese politics
Katy Hayward

M1634 - HAYWARD TEXT.qxp:ANDY Q7 27/1/09 13:23 Page 42 3 Official discourse and political change in Ireland The purpose of this chapter is to elaborate the theoretical and methodological framework for this research, both in relation to the key tenets of discourse theory and to the empirical content of the analysis. It begins by considering the meaning of ‘discourse’ as language, practice and context. Its multidimensional meaning and function means that discourse analysis has particular value in the study of nationalism and political change. The articulation

in Irish nationalism and European integration
Michael Breen, Michael Courtney, Iain Mcmenamin, Eoin O’Malley, and Kevin Rafter

3 The media and political change This chapter assesses three broad perspectives on how the Irish media has covered political change in Ireland over almost fifty years. The first, which we call ‘hypercritical infotainment’, emphasises the media as a collective agent of change. According to this approach, the media shifts from passive reporting of politics to framing it as a political competition and adopting a negative tone towards politics. This, in turn, imposes a media logic on politicians, who become more interested in spin and soundbites than policymaking

in Resilient reporting
Tradition, modernity and indirect rule
Christopher Prior

We now turn our attention to political change. The familiar tale is that officials saw in indirect rule the best chance of sustaining ‘traditional’ African social systems in perpetuity. ‘Reformed’ indigenous elites would garner the respect of Africans by governing responsibly, thereby defusing the threat of social unrest and maintaining British power. It has been customary

in Exporting empire
Cormac Behan

3 Political change, penal continuity and prisoner enfranchisement Introduction This chapter examines prisoner enfranchisement in the Republic of Ireland. As with many of the jurisdictions considered in Chapter 2, the issue was historically, socially and politically charged, with the debates and outcomes reflecting local characteristics. The chapter begins with an outline of prisoners’ involvement in politics pre-independence, and later in that part of Ireland that achieved independence. Although prisoners were not allowed to vote for much of Irish history, this

in Citizen convicts
Peter J. Verovšek

, unlike the dominant ‘negative’ reading of collective memory, Benjamin also emphasises that historical ruptures have the potential to bring about positive political change. Crisis frees individuals and communities from existing traditions and the spell of existing chains of cause and effect. In Hegel’s terms, ruptures make it impossible to simply remain ‘in a state of unthinking inertia.’ Without erasing the past, the experience of a historical caesura allows individuals to treat the past as a ‘repertoire of the imagination’ or a ‘treasury of possibilities.’ 36

in Memory and the future of Europe
Britain’s meritocratic moment, 1937–1988
Author: Dean Blackburn

This books explores the non-fiction publishing of Penguin Books to offer a new account of Britain’s post-war politics. This account decentres some of the categories that scholars have commonly employed to understand this period. The three decades after 1944, it argues, constituted a ‘meritocratic moment’ in Britain’s intellectual politics. That is not to say that political elites sought to realise a meritocratic order. But the argument that status and rewards should be determined by observable merits was accommodated by key ideological formations and provided a starting point for much political thinking. The perceived crises of the 1970s led to the eclipse of this meritocratic moment. But to understand this development as a victory for Thatcherism is problematic. Indeed this ideology was not able to accommodate or account for many of the antagonisms that followed from the collapse of the post-war political order.

Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

. Important here is its privileging of the design principle over the need for, or even the possibility of, political change. Design Not Politics The computational turn and societal dependence on digital technologies has changed the way the world is understood and the status of humans within it ( Chandler, 2018 ). The privileging of the design principle is central to this change. Besides the spatial shift from circulation to connectivity, an ontological, epistemological and methodological translation has also taken place ( Duffield, 2018

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Punk, politics and resistance

The Subcultures Network is a cross-disciplinary research network for scholars and students interested in the relationship between subcultures (in all their forms) and wider processes of social, cultural and political change. Bringing together theoretical analyses, empirical studies and methodological discussions, the network is designed to explore the relationships between subcultures and their historical context, and the place of subcultures within patterns of cultural and political change. This book is very much a product of the Network's brief and emerged, in large part, from the inaugural symposium held at London Metropolitan University in September 2011. The book is divided into three parts, each with a broadly defined theme. The first of these relates to punk and identity, particularly with regard to gender, class, age and race. The second part looks at punk's relationship to locality and space. In particular, it deals with two overlapping processes. First, the ways in which punk's transmission allowed for diverse interpretation and utilisation of the cultural form beyond local, regional and national boundaries. Second, the extent to which punk's aesthetic and expression was shaped by, inspired and reflected the environments in which its protagonists lived. The third and final part concentrates on communication and reception. From within the culture, the language of punk is brought under discursive analysis by Melani Schröter, who looks at the critiques of 'normality' contained within the lyrics of German punk bands from the late 1970s through to the present day.

Political lives of the surplus dead
Nicole Iturriaga and Derek S. Denman

This article sets forth a theoretical framework that first argues that necropolitical power and sovereignty should be understood as existing on a spectrum that ultimately produces the phenomenon of surplus death – such as pandemic deaths or those disappeared by the state. We then expound this framework by juxtaposing the necropolitical negligence of the COVID-19 pandemic with the violence of forced disappearances to argue that the surplus dead have the unique capacity to create political change and reckonings, due to their embodied power and agency. Victims of political killings and disappearance may not seem to have much in common with victims of disease, yet focusing on the mistreatment of the dead in both instances reveals uncanny patterns and similarities. We demonstrate that this overlap, which aligns in key ways that are particularly open to use by social actors, provides an entry to comprehend the agency of the dead to incite political reckonings with the violence of state action and inaction.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal