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Lynn Orilla Scott

James Baldwin criticism from 2001 through 2010 is marked by an increased appreciation for Baldwin’s entire oeuvre including his writing after the mid 1960s. The question of his artistic decline remains debated, but more scholars find a greater consistency and power in Baldwin’s later work than previous scholars had found. A group of dedicated Baldwin scholars emerged during this period and have continued to host regular international conferences. The application of new and diverse critical lenses—including cultural studies, political theory, religious studies, and black queer theory—contributed to more complex readings of Baldwin’s texts. Historical and legal approaches re-assessed Baldwin’s relationship to the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and new material emerged on Baldwin’s decade in Turkey. Some historical perspective gave many critics a more nuanced approach to the old “art” vs. “politics” debate as it surfaced in Baldwin’s initial reception, many now finding Baldwin’s “angry” work to be more “relevant” than “out of touch” as it was thought of during his lifetime. In the first decade of the new millennium, three books of new primary source material, a new biography, four books of literary criticism, three edited collections of critical essays, two special issues of journals and numerous book chapters and articles were published, marking a significant increase not only in the quantity, but the quality of Baldwin criticism.

James Baldwin Review
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond
Catia Gregoratti

fixed, rather than a structural long-term process. Instead she is critical of what she sees as the proliferation of problem constructions in public policy-making and political debates since they rest on ‘taken-for-granted descriptions of conditions that ought to be rectified and/or eliminated’ ( Bacchi, 2018 : 4). By constructing women refugees as victims but also as potential entrepreneurs, a whole host of other problem areas and ethical concerns are silenced

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Lewis Hine’s Photographs of Refugees for the American Red Cross, 1918–20
Sonya de Laat

‘his realism corresponds to the status of the photograph as report, [and] his mysticism corresponds to its status as spiritual expression’ ( 1975 : 45). Hine was certainly aware of, and in many ways appeared comfortable with, the realist and sentimental rhetorical aspects of photography. He himself had said in a Photographic Times article in 1908 that ‘good photography is a question of art’ ( Gutman, 1967 : 27). In his pre-war child labor and immigration work that generated passionate social and political debates, Hine recognized his photographs had to be affective

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Debates Surrounding Ebola Vaccine Trials in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Myfanwy James
Joseph Grace Kasereka
, and
Shelley Lees

with free health care until delivery. Three Local Debates Surrounding the Trial Another Trial: Business or Access? The first point of debate among people in Goma was the fact that J&J was the second unlicensed Ebola vaccine in the province, especially given its prominence in recent political debates. As a musician in Goma asked in a focus group, ‘Why did they change the vaccine? What does the second bring in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A guide for A2 politics students
Series: Understandings
Authors: and

In liberal democracies there is a belief that citizens ought to take an active interest in what is happening in the political world. Political debate in modern Western democracies is a complex and often rowdy affair. There are three fundamental political issues: 'politics', 'power' and 'justice', which feature in almost all political discussions and conflicts. The book assesses the degree to which the state and state sovereignty are disappearing in the modern world of 'globalised' politics, economics and culture and new international institutions. The main features of the nation and the problems of defining it are outlined: population, culture, history, language, religion, and race. Different types of democracy and their most important features are discussed. 'Freedom' is usually claimed to be the prime objective of political activity. The book discusses equality of human rights, distributional equality, equality before the law, the claims for group equality on the grounds of race, gender, class. Rights, obligations and citizenship are closely associated. Ideology is the driving force of political discourse. The book also discusses nationalism's growth and development over the last two centuries with particular reference to its main features and assumptions. It outlines the development of conservatism as a political ideology and movement in Britain during the last two centuries. An overview of liberalism, socialism, Marxism, anarchism, and Fascism follows. Environmentalism and feminism are also discussed. Finally, the book talks about how ideological change occurs and stresses the importance of rationality in politics.

Sneha Krishnan

‘can not only be territory but can also make territory’. In conflating the occupation of territory with claims over women's bodies, the outpouring of Hindu nationalist machismo on Twitter confirmed the centrality of questions about sex, love and romance to mainstream political debate in India. Indeed, emotions are central to the country's broader political landscape, as the other authors in this volume have so ably demonstrated. This chapter will highlight some key flashpoints in the last decade that have been symptomatic of the ways in which love and romance – or

in Passionate politics
The limits of political rights of immigrants
Ricard Zapata-Barrero

public debate on voting rights based on an analysis of newspapers from the beginning of 2006 to 2009. Our main purpose is to identify the main trends in the Spanish debate in order to subsequently help us interpret the terms under which the social and political debate takes place, which is the aim of the second section. The second section is structured in three main parts. In the first, we introduce the main limit of the debate: the legal framework. Any 130 Diversity management in Spain a­ rgument on voting rights must take this legal framework into account. This

in Diversity management in Spain
Sonja Tiernan

any way change the terms of marriage as set out in the Constitution. Rather, the bill would provide for equal recognition of same-sex unions. The focus on the Constitution would become the central issue in the legal and political debate surrounding the introduction of civil partnerships and later the extension of civil marriage to same-sex couples in Ireland. This issue ensured that the Irish campaign would take a very different route from that in other countries. Elsewhere, the constitutionality of outlawing marriage for same-sex couples was at the heart of

in The history of marriage equality in Ireland
Alan P. Dobson

but also in the way that it has infected other political doctrines and largely set parameters for political debate – that it provides the foundation for a shared political culture, it is first important to have some understanding of how liberalism as an ideology is used here. What are its family concepts, its understanding of the political world, and its scope and impact? Sophisticated political doctrines of this kind are not primarily concerned with truth but with political action. They turn the adage of seeing is believing on its head: What one believes determines

in Culture matters
Cormac Behan

2 Prisoners and the politics of enfranchisement Introduction Prisoner enfranchisement remains one of the few contested electoral issues in twenty-first-century democracies. This chapter examines the politics of, and international jurisprudence on, prisoner enfranchisement. It considers jurisdictions where it has become a matter of legal quarrel and political debate. As outlined in the last chapter, the debate on prisoner enfranchisement is at the intersection of punishment and representative government, encompassing issues such as the purpose(s) of imprisonment

in Citizen convicts