(accessed 28 June 2019) .
Frydl , K.
J. ( 2006 ),
‘ Kidnapping and State Development in the United
States ’, Studies in American PoliticalDevelopment , 20 ,
18 – 44 .
( 2013 ), ‘ How Somali Pirates and
Terrorists Made Bank off Two Western Hostages
This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.
In the last generation, Northern Ireland has undergone a tortuous yet remarkable process of social and political change. This book explores what Northern Ireland was like during violent conflict, and whether the situation is any different 'after the troubles'. It examines the political developments and divisions essential to a critical understanding of the nature of Northern Irish society. The book focuses a number of elements of popular cultural practice that are often overlooked when social scientists address Northern Ireland. Sport plays an important though often dispiriting role that in Northern Irish society. It looks at some of the problems and ways forward for transitional justice and memory work in Northern Ireland. The book reviews the history of strategic spatial policy in post-partition Northern Ireland. It draws on feminist scholarship to expose how explanations of the ethnic conflict that ignore gender are always partial. The book illustrates how feminist and gender politics are part of the political culture of Northern Ireland and offers conceptual resources to academics engaged in investigating the conflict. It further provides a brief outline of critical race theory (CRT) and the critique of whiteness therein before using it as a basis from which to examine the research literature on racism in Northern Ireland. The course that popular music has taken in Northern Ireland during 1990s of the peace process, is also considered and the most crucial issues of the peace process, police reform, are examined.
politicaldevelopments when we examine transboundary problems, which
inevitably erode the political signiﬁcance of national territory.
The IPCC and the science of global warming
The state-of-the-art scientiﬁc knowledge of global warming has
been given by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC), which was established in 1988. The IPCC is composed
of three Working Groups (WGs), to which leading scientists and
technical experts are nominated by their governments and by
international organisations, including non-governmental organisations (NGOs). WG-I assesses
since 2012 seem to
reveal a similar set of structures and actors to the DPJ administration’s.
Although examining the politicaldevelopments of the period in the
two sectors and beyond requires further rigorous research with strong
evidence, what explicitly appears in the two sectors drawn from the
secondary sources seems to confirm the findings of this study; it also
concurs with the assessment of other examples (Takenaka 2017). In addition, the impact of Abe’s prioritised economic project, with the mantras
of ‘Abenomics’ and ‘three arrows’ (Sanbon no ya), has had
‘agreement’ abound in contemporary arguments over politicaldevelopments.
The ‘blame game’ might, arguably, be seen to work against clarity in terms
of placing Sunningdale in a political context. As alluded to above, the ‘blame
game’ speaks implicitly to this context along the logic that according to a
particular version or image of democracy a decision made by another person
or group is read as damaging democracy. Where that damage is seen as fundamental and irrevocable then a radical fissure between the contending
parties (and, ultimately, their images of legitimacy
the uneven implementation of the rights of Britons and Wilkesite
English resentment of Scottish success.
Scots were drawn to the Caribbean in disproportionately
high numbers during this period, and especially after 1763. This chapter
considers the manner in which social, economic and politicaldevelopments in Scotland in the second half of the eighteenth century
affected the ways in which Scots engaged
class’, giving it the certainty of future office, thus creating a
one-class ‘monopoly’ on government. 5 In this respect, constitutional
development in Florence coincided with developments in Venice, were the
much-debated ‘closure’ ( Serrata ) of the Great Council
defined and fixed membership of the ruling class.
‘Democracy’ was defended through exclusion.
If the major politicaldevelopments
Labour’s nostalgia has provided the emotional adhesive that has held
the party together. Yet it has also served to constrain the party’s politicaldevelopment and restrict Labour’s ability to communicate effectively
with the modern demands of British voters. Memories of Keir Hardie
and an era of male traditional industrial working-class struggle might
resonate within the party. Outside the confines of Labour’s unique group
identity, they are largely met with indifference. Given the continued
strength of its historical attachments, there remains a
Saving the White voters from being ‘utterly swamped’
For the first seventy years of the
nineteenth century, British governments had been reluctant to extend
their involvement in South Africa beyond the coastal colonies of the
Cape and Natal. By the 1870s, however, important economic and politicaldevelopments in South Africa prompted Britain to act in consolidating
its interests throughout the Southern African region. These developments