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Fabrice Weissman

-review-will-make-it-easier-for-families-to-pay-ransoms/ (accessed 28 June 2019) . Frydl , K. J. ( 2006 ), ‘ Kidnapping and State Development in the United States ’, Studies in American Political Development , 20 , 18 – 44 . Kiser , M. ( 2013 ), ‘ How Somali Pirates and Terrorists Made Bank off Two Western Hostages

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author:

This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.

A society in transition

In the last generation, Northern Ireland has undergone a tortuous yet remarkable process of social and political change. This book explores what Northern Ireland was like during violent conflict, and whether the situation is any different 'after the troubles'. It examines the political developments and divisions essential to a critical understanding of the nature of Northern Irish society. The book focuses a number of elements of popular cultural practice that are often overlooked when social scientists address Northern Ireland. Sport plays an important though often dispiriting role that in Northern Irish society. It looks at some of the problems and ways forward for transitional justice and memory work in Northern Ireland. The book reviews the history of strategic spatial policy in post-partition Northern Ireland. It draws on feminist scholarship to expose how explanations of the ethnic conflict that ignore gender are always partial. The book illustrates how feminist and gender politics are part of the political culture of Northern Ireland and offers conceptual resources to academics engaged in investigating the conflict. It further provides a brief outline of critical race theory (CRT) and the critique of whiteness therein before using it as a basis from which to examine the research literature on racism in Northern Ireland. The course that popular music has taken in Northern Ireland during 1990s of the peace process, is also considered and the most crucial issues of the peace process, police reform, are examined.

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The implications of the research
Masahiro Mogaki

since 2012 seem to reveal a similar set of structures and actors to the DPJ administration’s. Although examining the political developments of the period in the two sectors and beyond requires further rigorous research with strong evidence, what explicitly appears in the two sectors drawn from the secondary sources seems to confirm the findings of this study; it also concurs with the assessment of other examples (Takenaka 2017). In addition, the impact of Abe’s prioritised economic project, with the mantras of ‘Abenomics’ and ‘three arrows’ (Sanbon no ya), has had

in Understanding governance in contemporary Japan
Shizuka Oshitani

political developments when we examine transboundary problems, which inevitably erode the political significance of national territory. The IPCC and the science of global warming The state-of-the-art scientific knowledge of global warming has been given by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which was established in 1988. The IPCC is composed of three Working Groups (WGs), to which leading scientists and technical experts are nominated by their governments and by international organisations, including non-governmental organisations (NGOs). WG-I assesses

in Global warming policy in Japan and Britain
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David McCann
and
Cillian McGrattan

‘agreement’ abound in contemporary arguments over political developments. The ‘blame game’ might, arguably, be seen to work against clarity in terms of placing Sunningdale in a political context. As alluded to above, the ‘blame game’ speaks implicitly to this context along the logic that according to a particular version or image of democracy a decision made by another person or group is read as damaging democracy. Where that damage is seen as fundamental and irrevocable then a radical fissure between the contending parties (and, ultimately, their images of legitimacy

in Sunningdale, the Ulster Workers’ Council strike and the struggle for democracy in Northern Ireland
Douglas J. Hamilton

, the uneven implementation of the rights of Britons and Wilkesite English resentment of Scottish success. Scots were drawn to the Caribbean in disproportionately high numbers during this period, and especially after 1763. This chapter considers the manner in which social, economic and political developments in Scotland in the second half of the eighteenth century affected the ways in which Scots engaged

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820
Trevor Dean

class’, giving it the certainty of future office, thus creating a one-class ‘monopoly’ on government. 5 In this respect, constitutional development in Florence coincided with developments in Venice, were the much-debated ‘closure’ ( Serrata ) of the Great Council defined and fixed membership of the ruling class. ‘Democracy’ was defended through exclusion. If the major political developments

in The towns of Italy in the later Middle Ages
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Richard Jobson

Conclusion Labour’s nostalgia has provided the emotional adhesive that has held the party together. Yet it has also served to constrain the party’s political development and restrict Labour’s ability to communicate effectively with the modern demands of British voters. Memories of Keir Hardie and an era of male traditional industrial working-class struggle might resonate within the party. Outside the confines of Labour’s unique group identity, they are largely met with indifference. Given the continued strength of its historical attachments, there remains a

in Nostalgia and the post-war Labour Party
Open Access (free)
Saving the White voters from being ‘utterly swamped’
Julie Evans
,
Patricia Grimshaw
,
David Philips
, and
Shurlee Swain

For the first seventy years of the nineteenth century, British governments had been reluctant to extend their involvement in South Africa beyond the coastal colonies of the Cape and Natal. By the 1870s, however, important economic and political developments in South Africa prompted Britain to act in consolidating its interests throughout the Southern African region. These developments

in Equal subjects, unequal rights