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Professional politicians and regional institutions in Catalonia and Scotland
Series: Devolution
Author: Klaus Stolz

Focusing on professional politicians, this book investigates the interrelationship between political career patterns and political institutions in two of the most widely discussed cases of regionalism: Catalonia and Scotland. It deals with two different yet closely related sets of questions. Firstly, how do professional politicians pursue their careers in the regional context? And secondly, how do they shape and reshape the political institutions in which they pursue these careers? The book is based on extensive empirical research including a comprehensive data set on the careers of Catalan and Scottish parliamentarians, systematic surveys of regional representatives as well as in-depth interviews with a wide range of politicians and experts in both regions. Exploring the effects of political professionalisation on regional democracy, it goes beyond traditional studies of regionalism and decentralization, while its focus on the regional career arena introduces a territorial dimension to the study of political careers.

Klaus Stolz

1 The quest for a regional political class When regionalisation meets political professionalisation: object of analysis and objectives of the study Those who fought for Catalan self-government and democracy against the Franco dictatorship didn’t do so with a view to a professional political career: indeed, it was a very risky business, threatening their lives and livelihoods. In the more than thirty years since Franco’s death, though, Jordi Pujol and Pasqual Maragall have not only continued to live for Catalan politics, they have also been living off their

in Towards a regional political class?
Abstract only
Traces of a regional political class in Catalonia and Scotland
Klaus Stolz

professionalisation on democracy and autonomy in Catalonia and Scotland In Catalonia political professionalisation as well as regionalisation had been part of the democratisation process during the transition. Replacing corporatist Francoist elites – who had gained their political and administrative leadership roles on the basis of their advanced social and economic positions – with elected politicians who were to represent all strata of Catalan society, the introduction of salaries for public offices and mandates was a democratic necessity. Not only was it fair to support those

in Towards a regional political class?
A regional political class for itself
Klaus Stolz

politicians, both in Catalonia and in Scotland, have been shown to exhibit structural similarities in the conditions of their reproduction that point to the existence of common interests and thus allow us to classify them as a ‘class in itself’. Yet this is only one side of the interdependent relationship between regionalisation and professionalisation to be observed in Catalan and Scottish politics. In this second part of the study the focus is on the opposite dimension – i.e. on the potential effect of political professionalisation on regional political institutions. To

in Towards a regional political class?
Setting the stage for a regional political class
Klaus Stolz

2 Regionalism, regionalisation and regional institutions in Catalonia and Scotland: setting the stage for a regional political class This chapter sets out to delineate the broad historical developments and the main structural features that condition the potential emergence and scope of a regional political class in Catalonia and Scotland. This is of course a vast and difficult task, as it touches upon the macro-processes of democratisation, state modernisation, regionalisation and political professionalisation and the complex ways they have impacted on each other

in Towards a regional political class?
Abstract only
The making of a regional political class in itself
Klaus Stolz

3 Political careers: the making of a regional political class in itself In the first part of the empirical analysis the focus is on the political class as a dependent variable and remains restricted to its structural dimension as a class ‘in itself’. It is asked whether the concurrent processes of regionalisation and political professionalisation in Catalonia and Scotland have led to the emergence of a regional political class as constituted by the existence of professional politicians (functional differentiation) with a common regional career orientation

in Towards a regional political class?
On social systems and societal constitutions
Darrow Schecter

on the conflicts besetting the economy, access to health care and education, environmental crisis, and the movements of refugees. One is then reduced to accepting ubiquitous instrumental reason and party political professionalisation as the ineluctable corollaries of FD, embracing some implausible fusion of theory and practice attributed to an arbitrarily chosen collective subject (that can be re-​presented by a party), or aesthetic flight. Indeed, this always seems to be the major problem when attempting to wrest political solutions and alternatives from Adorno

in Critical theory and sociological theory