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Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

freedom and harness the creative and resistive energies of life – which notably in conflict with others, affirms difference as a condition for non-violent political transformation. What is fascism, after all, if not, as Arendt maintained, a ghastly experiment to destroy ‘spontaneity itself’ as an expression of the human condition? Violence is Associated with Some Death Drive Our violence (never referred to as ‘violence’, but designated using tolerable labels, such as ‘force’) is always presented as the last resort or completely necessary, their violence purely

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Spaces of revolution
Author: Carl Lavery

Jean Genet has long been regarded as one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century. Since the publication of Jean-Paul Sartre's existential biography Saint Genet: Actor and Martyr in 1952, his writing has attracted the attention of leading French thinkers and philosophers. In the UK and US, his work has played a major role in the development of queer and feminist studies, where his representation of sexuality and gender continues to provoke controversy. This book aims to argue for Genet's influence once again, but it does so by focusing uniquely on the politics of his late theatre. The first part of the book explores the relationship between politics and aesthetics in Genet's theatre and political writing in the period 1955 to 1986. The second part focuses on the spatial politics of The Balcony, The Blacks and The Screens by historicising them within the processes of modernisation and decolonisation in France of the 1950s and 1960s. The third part of the book analyses how Genet's radical spatiality works in practice by interviewing key contemporary practitioners, Lluís Pasqual, JoAnne Akalaitis, and Ultz and Excalibah. The rationale behind these interviews is to find a way of merging past and present. The rationale so explores why Genet's late theatre, although firmly rooted within its own political and historical landscape, retains its relevance for practitioners working within different geographical and historical contexts today.

Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro
Author: Timothy Edmunds

This book is about the relationship between societies and their instruments of coercion at times of great political and societal change. It traces the scholarly and policy origins of the security sector reform concept, locating its recent rise to prominence in earlier debates about development, security and civil-military relations. The book takes a comparative approach to the concept and policy of security sector reform in transforming societies. It examines the security sector reform experiences of two paired case studies, Croatia and Serbia-Montenegro, through a systematic analytical framework. The book then analyses security sector reform at the political level, the organisational level and the international level in each country. It discusses the political legacy and the organisational legacy of the 1990s in each country. The book analyses the various strategies that international actors have used to try and encourage security sector reform in the two countries, including the provision of reform assistance programmes, and the application of pre- and direct conditionality. It traces how the reform process has impacted on issues of role, force structure, expertise and responsibility in the security sector itself. Finally, the book draws out a series of more generic conclusions regarding the security sector reform concept as a whole and its relationship to wider processes of political and societal transformation.

Open Access (free)
Between Adorno and Heidegger
Joanna Hodge

origin in the writings of Kant.8 It is also deployed distinctively by Adorno, in his analysis of artworks.9 In this context, however, its development as a technique for thinking about specifically twentieth-century conditions in the writings of Benjamin is more significant. For Benjamin, in his address to the Institute for the Study of Fascism, ‘The Author as Producer’ (Paris, 1934), the antinomy is between the necessity to align artistic activity with the exigencies of political transformation and the constraint of artworks providing their own standards of excellence

in The new aestheticism
Robust but differentiated unequal European cities
Patrick Le Galès

, crime, clientelism, the role of the middle classes (shopkeepers, artisans but also lower middle classes from the public sector) articulated to different processes of economic and political transformation, non-economic factors of economic development, the welfare state (Saraceno 2002), relations of the labour market and poverty (Paci 1989; Burroni 2016). The comparative political economy of territories of cities developed in Italy thanks to the great research programme of Bagnasco and Trigilia with their analysis of the third Italy (Bagnasco 1977), Turin and then the

in Western capitalism in transition
Open Access (free)
Antonia Lucia Dawes

well as fraught with ambivalent multiaccentualities and cross-purposes. Their use and adaptation of antihegemonic talk, and their efforts to translate this across cultural divides, echoed Glissant’s assertion that multilingual linguistic exchange was key to understanding social struggle and political transformation. As such, the struggle for Via Bologna offered an opportunity to think about the relations of force that could emerge amongst people subjected to unequal and differential legal and economic statuses – people who also spoke different languages, followed

in Race talk
Geraldine Moane

political domination ended, psychological patterns would remain. The concept of internalised oppression or internalised colonisation then developed to refer to the ways in which oppressed groups in particular came to believe that patterns related to colonisation were an intrinsic part of their own psyche, believing in their own inferiority. Decolonisation thus requires both psychological and political transformation. Further developments in postcolonial psychology moved away from assignment of attributes to a critical analysis of how the assignment of attributes may be

in Are the Irish different?
John Borneman

12 Abandonment and victory in relations with dead bodies John Borneman Katherine Verdery was the first to make some systematic observations about the accelerated movement of dead bodies in EastCentral Europe following the collapse of the Soviet Empire. She noted that, in this period of political transformation, the corpses of political leaders and cultural heroes accrued certain powers leading to a struggle over appropriating those powers, and to the exhumation and displacement of their bodies (Verdery 1999). Here I wish to consider the modes of appropriation

in Governing the dead
Abstract only
South African fiction in the interregnum
Tim Woods

rehearsal of memory, where individual traumatic pasts are metonymic of the collective national traumatic past. The TRC’s principal action was targeting social memory and making that the site of political transformation. As Kenneth Christie has observed, it was a specific social and political recognition that social memory is a referral to past events and experiences (whether real or imagined), for recalled

in African pasts
Mary A. Procida

were approaching parity with British officers in most imperial services other than the military. Ideas about race and gender further complicated these political transformations, as well as the relationship between Anglo-Indian women and Indian men. As long as the Raj remained in place, however diluted its powers, ‘whiteness’ and ‘Britishness’ retained the aura of authority

in Married to the empire