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Open Access (free)
Geir Hønneland
Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

6 Air pollution control Norilsk Nickel is one of Russia’s leading producers of non-ferrous and platinum-group metals and the country’s largest air polluter. Three of the company’s six subsidiaries are located on the Kola Peninsula: the Pechenganickel Combine at Zapolyarnyy and Nikel,1 the Severonickel Combine at Monchegorsk and the Olenegorsk Mechanical Plant at Olenegorsk. Pechenganickel and Severonickel emit large quantities of sulphur dioxide (SO2) which causes considerable acid precipitation both on the Kola Peninsula and in the neighbouring Fenno

in Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia
Caste-based discrimination and the mobilisation of Dalit sameness
Ted Svensson

11 Pollution and purity: caste-based discrimination and the mobilisation of Dalit sameness Ted Svensson Introduction In January 2016 Rohit Vermula, a doctoral student at the University of Hyderabad, took his own life to protest against his and four other Dalit (‘Untouchable’) students’ ban from entering key university buildings, including their university accommodation, and the cessation of scholarship funding on the basis of, as it turned out, an unfounded allegation that they had assaulted a member of Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, a student ­association

in The politics of identity
The “Clean City” law in São Paulo, Brazil
Marina Da Silva

7 Making sense of visual pollution: The “Clean City” law in São Paulo, Brazil Marina Da Silva Introduction The impact of human activity on the Earth has been a central environmental concern throughout contemporary history. One of the main challenges of the Anthropocene (Crutzen and Stoermer 2000) is to reverse the damage we are doing to the planet through climate change and industrial pollution (National Research Council 2012). The focus of this chapter is on a perhaps less known type of ­harm – ­visual pollution. Unlike other forms of sensory pollution, such as

in Toxic truths
Constructing environmental (in)justice
Anneleen Kenis

13 Science, citizens, and air pollution: Constructing environmental (in)justice Anneleen Kenis Introduction In their efforts to put air pollution on the public agenda, citizens cannot avoid engaging with science. Being a largely invisible socio-­natural artifact, air has to be translated into a subject of contestation and debate for it to become politically salient. Which choices do citizen movements make during this process and what effect do these choices have on particular constructions of environmental (in)justice? To formulate an answer to these questions

in Toxic truths
Norbert Steinhaus

17 Pollution levels in local lakes in Denmark Norbert Steinhaus Context The Danish Society for the Conservation of Nature (DN) of Frederikssund is a local committee of a national NGO working towards protecting nature and the environment. DN Frederikssund addresses local issues regarding the protection of nature and the environment to achieve local sustainable development. It initiates local campaigns, participates in political hearings and comments on the municipality’s environmental strategies and plans. In the mid-1990s, DN Frederikssund became aware of

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Lucrece, her body, and soul
Angelika Zirker

, neither is it lost when the body is violated’ (81; ‘Si autem animo bonum est, etiam oppresso corpore non amittitur’), which corresponds to the reading of Livy. Lucrece’s soul is good, and it remains good. The violation of the body is thus not necessarily concomitant with the pollution of the soul; it only becomes so when the soul is not pure: ‘Let there be no such mistake, and let us draw from this case the conclusion that holiness of the body is not lost while

in William Shakespeare and John Donne
Andrew Crompton

In living memory, Manchester was black from air pollution caused by burning coal. Today only fragments of that blackness remain, although its former presence can be inferred from precautions taken at the time to protect buildings from soot. At Canal Street in Miles Platting the colouring caused by consuming coal was blue, the result of contamination with a by-product of the purification of coal-gas. It is argued that because the blue street can be seen as beautiful then so can the black walls, which should be treated as an authentic part of the city. The most significant remains are 22 Lever Street and the inner courtyards of the Town Hall, which ought to be preserved in their dirty state.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan
Otto Farkas

pollution was responsible for 16 per cent of deaths worldwide, with 92 per cent occurring in low- and middle-income countries ( Landrigan et al. , 2017 ). Similarly compelling is the speed at which the urban shift is advancing. The world’s urban population is expanding and is projected to grow by a further 2.5 billion people by 2050, with Asia representing 90 per cent of this increase ( UNDESA, 2014 ). Some urban spaces in Asia and Africa

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

. There are other major changes in the issues that affect the international system – industrial and energy pollution and its environmental impact, including the scarcity of resources like water, and the mass displacements that are likely to come with climate change. Then there is rampant inequality and the consequent rise of populism, the revival of this kind of national chauvinism being likely to hamper international cooperation. Allied to this is the revival of various forms of religious and ideological fanaticism across the belief spectrum

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

This book is a systematic study that considers how international environmental agreements are transformed into political action in Russia, using three case studies on the implementation process in the fields of fisheries management, nuclear safety, and air pollution control. It develops the social science debate on international environmental regimes and ‘implementing activities’ at both national and international level to include regional considerations.