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Paul Currion

Fund in October 2010. Innovation funds, innovation labs and innovation studies subsequently proliferated, and by 2016 innovation had become important enough to be adopted as one of the central themes of the World Humanitarian Summit. The ALNAP research specifically framed innovation as a response to external threats, stating that ‘[i]f established aid organisations fail to prioritise innovations, they are in danger of losing popular support and being overtaken by new types of relief organisations

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dominique Marshall

additional public support. Third world advocates, in Canada as elsewhere, had been convinced since the mid twentieth century that remedies to global inequalities started with the support of citizens at home ( Ermisch, 2015 ). Many NGOs and international government agencies of the late mid-twentieth century had embarked on campaigns of information aimed at sustaining public opinion in favor of long term work, between upsurges of popular support of relief during situations of war and natural emergency. Such work with the public, education included, enhanced the humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet
Sarah Chynoweth
Sarah Martin
Chen Reis
Henri Myrttinen
Philipp Schulz
Lewis Turner
, and
David Duriesmith

Schulz and Touquet, 2020 ). While sexual violence in conflict and displacement is sometimes used to terrorise the victim, community or population at large, it may also be employed to garner popular support. This is particularly the case for sexual and other forms of gendered violence against those perceived as ‘undesirables’ or whose sexuality ‘must’ be policed by the society or community in question. This may include queer and trans persons as well as alleged drug traffickers

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps
Lasse Heerten
Arua Oko Omaka
Kevin O'Sullivan
, and
Bertrand Taithe

funding landscape changed dramatically and the public perception of NGOs was also altered irrevocably [ Chabbott, 1999 : 227; Hilton et al. , 2012 : 301]. Biafra might not have been the first instance of popular support for NGOs, but it certainly accelerated their development into the kind of sector that we are familiar with now [ O’Sullivan et al. , 2016 ]. Marie-Luce : I agree with what Kevin has just said. Biafra is a very interesting moment

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

Democratization is a major political phenomenon of the age and has been the focus of a burgeoning political science literature. This book considers democratization across a range of disciplines, from anthropology and economics, to sociology, law and area studies. The construction of democratization as a unit of study reflects the intellectual standpoint of the inquirer. The book highlights the use of normative argument to legitimize the exercise of power. From the 1950s to the 1980s, economic success enabled the authoritarian governments of South Korea and Taiwan to achieve a large measure of popular support despite the absence of democracy. The book outlines what a feminist framework might be and analyses feminist engagements with the theory and practice of democratization. It also shows how historians have contributed to the understanding of the processes of democratization. International Political Economy (IPE) has always had the potential to cut across the levels-of-analysis distinction. A legal perspective on democratization is presented by focusing on a tightly linked set of issues straddling the border between political and judicial power as they have arisen. Classic and contemporary sociological approaches to understanding democracy and democratization are highlighted, with particular attention being accorded to the post-1989 period. The book displays particularities within a common concern for institutional structures and their performance, ranging over the representation of women, electoral systems and constitutions (in Africa) and presidentialism (in Latin America). Both Europe and North America present in their different ways a kind of bridge between domestic and international dimensions of democratization.

Abstract only
History, politics, society
Alistair Cole

in Wales and Brittany (the ‘dependent variable’), several levels of analysis are explained. Variables include the operation of, and popular support for, regional political institutions in Wales and Brittany; the role of dual and multiple identities in underpinning moves to regional autonomy; regional public policies and the operation of policy communities; the weight of the external environment. Within this broad framework, the aim is to establish comparative dynamics in Wales and Brittany. What weight should be given to national institutional and administrative

in Beyond devolution and decentralisation
Abstract only
Neil Collins
Andrew Cottey

exposed to public scrutiny, and it is forbidden to publicly discuss personnel decisions or decision-making’ (Naughton and Yang 2004: 10). Popular support, legitimacy and compliance One of the general functions of political parties everywhere is to recruit and socialise people into the political system. They also mobilise popular support for policy options and attempt to aggregate opinion even if rather narrowly. Most of the comparators to the CCP are in states that have ready recourse to repressive methods to ensure the status quo. Unless the methods are particulaly

in Understanding Chinese politics
A veiled threat
Thomas J. Butko

–Israeli peace process as well as an instrument of political protest against an indigenous Arab regime. Hamas is an excellent case study with which to demonstrate the role religion performs in political conflict. Currently, Hamas is gaining in popular support due to renewed violence in the Middle East and the Palestinian population’s increased endorsement of suicide or ‘martyrdom’ operations against

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Shaoqian Zhang

– commissioned by governments and military agencies – which were aimed at the Chinese audience. Visual methods of persuasion and indoctrination appealed to both sides in the conflict, because of the low level of literacy in the country and the strong folk-oriented visual tradition of the Chinese people. To mobilise popular support for the respective military governments, political cartoonists relied not only on existing, centuries-old pictorial vocabularies, but created new ones as well. These political images were usually produced in large quantities and distributed among the

in Comic empires
Medical encounters in British India, 1820–1920
Deepak Kumar

’, not its substance. Almost all of them did recognise the importance of and later emphasised the use of indigenous drugs. 29 But diagnostic procedures and, of course, surgery were to remain major areas of difference for a long time to come. Dual demands Apart from cultivating the higher sections of Indian society, efforts were made, starting in 1800, to win popular support for

in Western medicine as contested knowledge