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British settlement in the dominions between the wars

Professor Drummond's two pioneering studies, British Economic Policy and the Empire 1919-1939, 1972, and Imperial Economic Policy 1917-1939, 1974, helped to revive interest in Empire migration and other aspects of inter-war imperial economic history. This book concentrates upon the attempts to promote state-assisted migration in the post-First World War period particularly associated with the Empire Settlement Act of 1922. It examines the background to these new emigration experiments, the development of plans for both individual and family migration, as well as the specific schemes for the settlement of ex-servicemen and of women. Varying degrees of encouragement, acquiescence and resistance with which they were received in the dominions, are discussed. After the First World War there was a striking reorientation of state policy on emigration from the United Kingdom. A state-assisted emigration scheme for ex-servicemen and ex-servicewomen, operating from 1919 to 1922, was followed by an Empire Settlement Act, passed in 1922. This made significant British state funding available for assisted emigration and overseas land settlement in British Empire countries. Foremost amongst the achievements of the high-minded imperial projects was the free-passage scheme for ex-servicemen and women which operated between 1919 and 1922 under the auspices of the Oversea Settlement Committee. Cheap passages were considered as one of the prime factors in stimulating the flow of migration, particularly in the case of single women. The research represented here makes a significant contribution to the social histories of these states as well as of the United Kingdom.

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The British, the French and African monarchs
Robert Aldrich

deployed well into the post-First World War period, and it remained in the arsenal even as African nations approached independence. One incident in the British empire dating from near the end of the colonial period took place not in a minor fiefdom, but in Uganda, one of Britain’s most prized African possessions. It was not the first time the British had exiled rulers from that country – the Kabaka Mwanga

in Banished potentates
Empire, Nation Redux
Mrinalini Sinha

consequences – as a result of a growing emphasis on the ‘national’, which acquired increasing legitimacy in the post-First World War period at the dawn of the so-called American century? This exploration of the contours of an increasingly ‘national’, as opposed to an ‘imperial’, British empire in the early decades of the twentieth century is undertaken very much in the spirit of the Studies in Imperialism

in Writing imperial histories
Silvia Salvatici

known and is often presented as the event that gave birth to the organisation Save the Children, of which Eglantyne Jebb has long been considered the founding mother. The new body soon became one of the main players in humanitarian activism in the post-First World War period and contributed to the establishment of the protection of childhood as a priority for intervention and to the figure of the child as the best representative of an aid recipient. The foundation of the association dedicated to ‘saving the children’ was therefore important but it certainly cannot be

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
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Silvia Salvatici

the suffering of others was not the intention of protecting the fundamental rights of all the members of the human community but an obedience to the moral values that should be the distinctive feature of civilised societies. In the setting of humanitarianism, the argument on rights emerged in the post-First World War period, 24 when the determination of the international programmes for those considered most in need of care contributed to the identification of a right, still not clearly defined, of those receiving assistance. The most significant example is

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
Silvia Salvatici

of his career as a politician and public administrator. His intense and lengthy work in the religiously inspired philanthropic world contributed to providing him with the necessary skills for his new undertaking. In particular, Lehman had taken part in the activities of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee from its foundation. In the post-First World War period, ‘the Joint’, as it was known, had concentrated its work in eastern Europe 2 and since the mid-1930s it had played a leading role among the associations dedicated to relief to the Jews fleeing

in A history of humanitarianism, 1755–1989
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Corpse or chrysalis
Elza Adamowicz

immediate post-First World War period, as well as in the specific context of the practice of photomontage. They can be read as a site of ambivalence, both as a satirical comment on wartime and post-war Germany, and as images of rebirth, a dominant theme in the early 1920s, notably in Expressionism, based on the desire for renewal and the myth of creation of new beings after the destruction of war. Thanks to the work of Ludger Derenthal (1995, 2004), the origin of several of the images used in the composition of this group of photomontages is known to be two illustrated

in Dada bodies
An investigation of the theoretical lineage to Giovanni Arrighi
Chikako Nakayama

to change the economic system and hence its hegemony, thus also ending ‘a period of the most meaningful economic history’ (Polanyi, [1934] 2002a: 231). Certainly, the post-First World War period witnessed India progress towards independence and Lancashire losing its hold over India. Around the 1930s, the problem of Indian constitutional reform was discussed (e.g. Dewey, 1978: 36; Wurm, 1993: 236–237), and India’s economic catching-up and anti-colonial resistance was threatening the hegemonic order of Great Britain. And for India, the rise and presence of the

in Karl Polanyi and twenty-first-century capitalism
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John M. MacKenzie

’, producing a rare coherence of Establishment, intellectual and popular interests. In the post-First World War period, intellectual culture diverged, throwing out ‘patriotism’, as George Orwell never tired of pointing out, as it did so. But the evidence of such central entertainment forms as cinema and broadcasting suggests that the congruence, natural or engineered, between the nationalist concerns of the

in Imperialism and Popular Culture
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F. T. Marinetti’s Il tattilismo and the Futurist critique of separation
Pierpaolo Antonello

Cangiullo was Marinetti’s artistic partner in various theatrical projects in the 1920s. The post-First World War period was no exception, and in 1924, together with Cangiullo, Marinetti penned the manifesto After the synthetic theatre and the theatre of surprise, we invent the anti-psychological abstract theatre of pure elements and the tactile theatre (Marinetti 2004: 735–40) Marinetti saw in the theatre one of the possible domains where tactilism could intervene to radically alter the cognitive and perceptive experience of the spectator. His theatrical production of the

in Back to the Futurists