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Managing madness in early nineteenth-century asylums

An archaeology of lunacy examines the historic lunatic asylum from an interdisciplinary perspective, employing methods drawn from archaeology, social geography, and history to create a holistic view of the built heritage of the asylum as a distinctive building type. In the popular imagination, historic lunatic asylums were dark, monolithic, and homogenous, instruments for social confinement and punishment. This book aims to redress this historical reputation, showing how the built environment and material worlds of lunatic asylums were distinctive and idiosyncratic – and highly regional. They were also progressive spaces and proving grounds of architectural experimentation, where the reformed treatment practices known as moral management were trialled and refined. The standing remains of the nineteenth-century lunatic asylum system represent a unique opportunity to study a building-type in active transition, both materially and ideologically. When they were constructed, asylums were a composite of reform ideals, architectural materials, and innovative design approaches. An archaeological study of these institutions can offer a materially focused examination of how the buildings worked on a daily basis. This study combines critical analysis of the architecture, material remains, and historical documentary sources for lunatic asylums in England and Ireland. Students and scholars of later historical archaeology and built heritage will find the book a useful overview of this institutional site type, while historians of medicine will find the focus on interior design and architecture of use. The general public, for whom asylums frequently represent shadowy ruins or anonymous redevelopments, may be interested in learning more about the buildings.

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‘medieval fabric’ of the city into the expansive metropolis of the eighteenth century.3 Further clarifying our understanding of Ireland’s landscape in the past is work by the Irish Post-Medieval Archaeology Group, which shares essential information on archaeological excavations in Ireland and literature relating to post-medieval archaeology, also publishing volumes that correspond with the Group’s conference proceedings.4 Never before have scholars had such a lively and complete impression of how early modern Ireland may have looked. Cultural and literary historians are

in Dublin

settlement in plantation ulster • 111 resulting in the formation of the Irish Post-Medieval Archaeology Group in 1999 and the publication of a number of important volumes.112 The results of excavations already undertaken, such as the investigations into the location of the village on Sir John Hume’s estate in Co. Fermanagh, have been mixed.113 However, recent excavations at the ‘lost town’ at Dunluce have revealed much about its early seventeenth-century economy and society, and there are a number of sites in the escheated counties that offer potential for further

in The Scots in early Stuart Ireland
An archaeological perspective on the use of recipe books

post-medieval period, usually taken as being c .1450 onwards, has emerged as a specific field its own right. In the UK the discipline is sometimes termed post-medieval archaeology. An alternative term, ‘historical archaeology’, is, however, increasingly preferred, as it can be linked more seamlessly with the parallel growth of post-colonial archaeological work, especially in

in Reading and writing recipe books, 1550–1800
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Family history, towns, landscape and other specialisms

change. Initially, archaeologists confined themselves to prehistory, but from the late Victorian years they gradually moved forward in time to the medieval and, by the 1950s and 1960s, post-medieval periods, hence the founding of Post-Medieval Archaeology in 1967. Alongside this movement, although not strictly in tandem, architectural historians broadened their interests away from a diet of churches, manor houses and public buildings, to take in the homes of ordinary people, including farmhouses and cottages, from about the sixteenth century. This shift can loosely be

in Writing local history
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Rolf Loeber, as well as growing numbers of archaeologists. 6 In the 1950s, the American colonies supplied archaeological evidence from such sites as Jamestown and Roanoke to supplement poorly documented histories. In the ensuing generation, what is called ‘historical archaeology’ in America and ‘post-medieval archaeology’ in Europe matured as a discipline, as the experience of hundreds of sites produced a broader and more reliable set of data for the material culture of the early modern British Isles and its overseas offshoots. This in turn

in Castles and Colonists

types: Great House, Large House, Small House, and Cottage. The first two types may merge into our manor house, the third is our farm house, and the fourth would be Irish-constructed. 6 See J. Schofield, Medieval London Houses (London and New Haven, 1995), especially pp. 61-93; and D. Crossley, Post-Medieval Archaeology in Britain (Leicester and New York, 1990), pp. 75–97. 7 Limited observations of the above-ground fabric of Myrtle Grove suggest that Raleigh radically adapted a section of the St Mary’s college

in Castles and Colonists

fate of Ireland for the next five centuries. Notes 1 J. H. Harris (ed.), Eastward Ho, by Chapman, Jonson, and Marston . Yale Studies in English 73 (New Haven and London, 1926), p. 27 (lines 762–3). The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (2nd edn, 1955) p. 280, ascribes the authorship to Jonson alone. 2 D. Crossley, Post-Medieval Archaeology in Britain (Leicester, 1990), pp. 107–13. 3 W. Maley, Salvaging Spenser: Colonialism, Culture and

in Castles and Colonists
Raleigh’s ‘Ocean to Scinthia’, Spenser’s ‘Colin Clouts Come Home Againe’ and The Faerie Queene IV.vii in colonial context

, Darryl Gless, Julian Lethbridge, Sean Aube, and anonymous readers for the press for their comments. The chapter was first presented on 25 February 2006 as ‘Sir Walter Raleigh’s Poetry and the Munster Plantation’ for the conference, Plantation Ireland: settlement and material culture, c.1550–c.1700, sponsored by the Irish Post-Medieval Archaeology Group and the Society for Irish Historical Settlement, Cork, Ireland. Select proceedings from that conference and additional papers (some referenced here) are found in James Lyttleton and Colin Rynne, eds, Plantation Ireland

in Literary and visual Ralegh

Pleasure Grounds”: Tourist and Leisure Uses of Nineteenth-Century Rural Cemeteries’, in R. Meyer (ed.), Cemeteries and Gravemarkers (Ann Arbor, 1989), pp. 293–328; H. Mytum, ‘Popular Attitudes to Memory, the Body, and Social Identity: The Rise of External Commemoration in Britain, Ireland and New England’, Post-Medieval Archaeology , Vol. 40, No. 1 (2006), pp. 103

in Imperial spaces