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The 1948 tour
Melanie Oppenheimer

Australia and New Zealand.7 The title of the latter book reflects the Beveridge’s continuous and sometimes relentless round of speaking engagements, broadcasts and interviews, or as Janet later remarked, plenty of ‘singing for our supper’.8 This chapter explores the Beveridge’s 1948 Australasian visit and his impressions of the two countries, and reflects on his responses to Australia and New Zealand in the immediate post-war period. It also examines some of the ideas contained in the report Voluntary action, in terms of Beveridge’s view that ‘we are the same kind of people

in Beveridge and voluntary action in Britain and the wider British world
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Gwenda Morgan

chapters into a consideration of those writing before the end of the Second World War and those writing in the post-war period taking the subject up to and including the debate over ‘original intent’. The final three chapters of the book deal with the explosion of new work from the mid1960s onwards but their starting point is the original historiography when the subjects of these chapters – African Americans, women and Native Americans – were first included in histories of the Revolution. This entails some overlap in the subject matter of some chapters but not in their

in The debate on the American Revolution
Sonya O. Rose

occupied on political and public policy agendas since the 1950s.’10 As in sociology, so too in history, ‘race’, racism, and immigration have been topics dealt with in a fairly circumscribed manner. There have been several major themes in the historiography of Britain in the post-war period only one of which deals with the issue of ‘race’, that is, the history of immigration policy. Others have been exclusively or primarily concerned with issues such as welfare state politics and policies, the question of political ‘consensus’, the issue of economic decline or the effects

in Race, nation and empire
Kevin Ruane

As a result of the heavy losses inflicted on the Vietcong during the Tet offensive, North Vietnam's involvement in the campaign in the south increased at the expense of indigenous influence. Following President's Johnson's peace proposal of 31 March 1968, the North Vietnamese and US governments agreed to meet to map out common negotiating ground. The ending of the war, the restoration of peace in Vietnam will create conditions for establishing a new, equal, and mutually beneficial relationship between the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the United States. It was not only non-communist southerners like Truong Nhu Tang who felt betrayed in the immediate post-war period. Northern communists, too, were uneasy. Peace was meant to lead to national reconciliation and concord. Twenty-five years on from reunification, Vietnam - the Socialist Republic of Vietnam - appears to be more at peace with itself.

in The Vietnam wars
Humanity and relief in war, Britain 1870–1914

The history of relief work is in its infancy. This book draws on new archival research to reveal the priorities of nineteenth-century relief workers, and the legacies of their preoccupations for relief work today. It first explores the inauguration of the British National Society for Aid to the Sick and Wounded in War (NAS) at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 under the figurehead of Loyd Lindsay. Then, the book sees the revival of the NAS for work in the Balkans during a period of nationalist violence and Ottoman counter-insurgency which culminated in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878. It also follows the staff of relief committees as they dispensed aid in British colonial wars. The book examines the critiques of British policy in the Boer War (1899-1902) emanating from intersecting circles of Quakers, New Liberals and ethicists, and considers these groups' offer of aid to Boer civilians. Further, the book concentrates on the methodologies of relief for Boer inmates of British concentration camps in South Africa and on the implications of this relief for its intended recipients during and after the war. It concentrates on aid to British soldiers. The book closes by tracing continuities in vocational practices and dispositions to emerging areas of concern in the post-war period, in particular child welfare, and briefly considers their implication for relief work today.

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Urban social movements in the Portuguese Revolution, 1974–75

The Portuguese Revolution of 1974-1975 was a critical juncture in the second half of the European twentieth century. It was the first in a series of authoritarian collapses that would bring the whole of western and central Europe into liberal democracy, and the so-called Revolution of the Carnations was also many other things. This book is the first in-depth study of the widest urban movement of the European post-war period, an event that shook the balance of Cold War politics by threatening the possibility of revolution in Western Europe. The Socialist Party (PS) and the Popular Democratic Party (PPD) set about dismantling the idea that there had popular movement embodying the possibility of different society. A significant policy shift in the field of housing lay the foundations for a change in the relations and meanings of urban citizenship. Popular mobilisation over the summer and autumn of 1974 was key in undermining a project of limited liberalisation and strengthening the hand of those in Armed Forces Movement (MFA) and civilian parties. After the April 1975 elections, the conflicting claims between revolutionary and electoral legitimacy, between the street and the ballot box, created an increasingly polarised atmosphere, and claims of imminent coups and plots were discussed. The Lisbon urban social movement did not disappear on 25 November 1975. Exploring the origins, trajectory and demise of the urban movement in Lisbon has been a way to question and revisit the role of popular collective actors in Portugal's revolution and transition to democracy.


Far from a trivial topic, the post-war train spotting craze swept most boys and some girls into a passion for railways, and for many, ignited a lifetime's interest. This book traces this post-war cohort, and those which followed, as they invigorated different sectors in the world of railway enthusiasm. Today Britain's now-huge preserved railway industry finds itself driven by tensions between preserving a loved past which ever fewer people can remember and earning money from tourist visitors. It was Hamilton Ellis and Philip Unwin who were the joint pioneers of the 'Railway Book Mania' which ran from 1947 to the dwindling of popular and mid-depth railway history writing in the 1970s. British railway enthusiasts suffer from an image problem. Standing forlorn on station platforms, train spotters are butts for every stand-up comic's jokes. Like some other collectors, train spotters collect ephemera: locomotive numbers are signs unconnected to any marketable commodity. Train spotting had its own rich culture. As British railways declined from their Edwardian peak, enthusiasts' structure of feeling shifted steadily from celebrating novelty to mourning loss. Always a good hater as well as a skilled engineer, more than seventy years ago Curly Lawrence identified issues which still bounce around modelling sections of the British railway fancy. The book discusses toy trains, model engineering and railway modelling. British railway enthusiasm remains a remarkably varied activity today, articulated through attachment (of whatever kind) to prototype railways' life-world.

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Jenny Andersson

the Swedish welfare state. The expansion of public responsibility for social security that took place in the post-war period was based on the notion of security and social citizenship as the foundation for an efficient society, and indeed as a prerequisite for future economic growth. However, as the SAP embarked on its ‘third way’ in the late 1970s and early 1980s, its understanding of social policy as a

in Between growth and security
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Rebecca Jennings

thus opens up the possibility that multiple versions or discourses of gender can co-exist in a given historical moment, enabling historical actors to draw on and perform different identities in different locations and times.5 Employing this model of gender – and sexuality – as performative, this book will trace a range of gender and sexual identity models current in Britain in the post-war period, and explore the opportunities offered by specific discourses and spaces for individual women to perform distinct gendered and sexual identities. A range of definitions of

in Tomboys and bachelor girls
Social democracy on the home front in Britain during the Second World War
Clare Griffiths

wartime organisations, but the key element that he identified as significant was less institutional, and more to do with a wartime shift in attitudes and social experience. His own proposal was that social clubs and adult education after the war might enable the spirit of civil defence to live on, perpetuating this sort of active citizenship and the satisfaction that people felt in being able to make an active contribution to their community. Planning neighbourliness In the post-war period, neighbourliness seemed in some ways to become embedded in ideas of

in Making social democrats