Abstract only
Popular illegalism on the nineteenth-century stage
Tony Fisher

Images of poverty saturate the cultural landscape of the nineteenth century. As the forces of industrialisation progressed, so those images proliferated – just as did the poor. No doubt representations of the poor enabled the middle classes to discover their ‘social conscience’; no doubt, also, they incriminated them. Thus did bourgeois society

in Foucault’s theatres
Nursing older people in British hospitals, 1945–80
Jane Brooks

5 A poverty of leadership: Nursing older people in British hospitals, 1945–80 Jane Brooks Introduction In February 2013, Robert Francis QC published the report of the public inquiry into the poor care, target-driven culture and patient neglect at the Mid-Staffordshire NHS Trust in the midlands of England. Key to the findings and crucial for the recommendations were that there was poor leadership and that the Trust Board had as its raison d’être cost-saving and the meeting of government targets, rather than successful patient outcomes. Francis wrote: As a result

in Histories of nursing practice
Brian Nolan

2 Disability, social inclusion and poverty Brian Nolan Introduction Social inclusion is generally taken to mean being in a position to participate fully in the life of the society one lives in, while conversely social exclusion entails being prevented from doing so. While the precise difference between the concepts of poverty and social exclusion is much discussed in the extensive research literature on these topics, poverty is widely seen as inability to participate fully in the life of one’s society due to lack of resources – as formulated for example in Peter

in The economics of disability
Norman Fainstein and Susan S. Fainstein

15  Norman Fainstein and Susan S. Fainstein The spatial dimension of poverty Few would dispute that the spatial concentration of poverty reinforces constraints that keep people in deprivation. Furthermore, many analysts have determined that spatial segregation is increasing (see e.g. Musterd et al. 2016; Logan 2013). A debate, however, exists about its underlying causes. The Chicago School, which introduced spatial mechanisms into the explanation of social differentiation, identified cultural transmission within distinct parts of cities that affected the

in Western capitalism in transition
Lessons from Naples
Enrica Morlicchio

17  Enrica Morlicchio Urban poverty and social cohesion: lessons from Naples The relationship between disadvantaged populations and the urban space in which they are located has been the subject of empirical observation since the famous investigation conducted by Charles Booth in London at the turn of the twentieth century (Booth 1902). As is well known, Booth created a series of detailed maps of the streets of London, based on a cartographic method which was already in use at that time, but which had never been applied on such a broad scale. Today, thanks to

in Western capitalism in transition
Úna Newell

4 Poverty and the Irish language Land purchase alone would not afford an adequate solution to the poverty prevalent in parts of County Galway. Even if all of the land in the Free State available for the relief of congestion was used for the resettlement of the people of the west, the plain fact was it would still not be sufficient for the purpose. The problem that the Cumann na nGaedheal government faced was an economic one. The new state’s beginnings had opened with reports of famine-like conditions in parts of Connemara and each year brought a recurring

in The west must wait
Abstract only
Vagrants and prostitutes
Caitriona Clear

4883 Social Change PT bjl.qxd 1111 2 3 4 15 6 7 8 9 10 1 112 1113 4 5 6 7 8 9 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40111 13/6/07 11:07 Page 127 8 Extreme poverty: vagrants and prostitutes Vagrants and prostitutes were among those who would have been described as ‘poor’ by everyone, including labourers and casual workers. As targets of repression and recipients of relief, they were in regular contact with government and voluntary agencies of the time. Vagrancy or wandering homelessness in Ireland and in Britain was seen as such an ongoing social

in Social change and everyday life in Ireland 1850–1922
Paul Copeland

5 The negotiation of the Europe 2020 poverty target The final case study addresses the negotiations of the EU poverty target included as part of Europe 2020 – the successor to the Lisbon Strategy. The target aims to remove at least 20 million people living in poverty across the EU by 2020. Although the EU has had a long history of attempting to tackle poverty and social exclusion, practical and political differences between governments and the broader set of EU actors has resulted in very little progress in terms of substantive output (Daly, 2012). While the

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension
Abstract only
Ben Jackson

1 Riches and poverty 1.1 Introduction: class conflict and political thought The decades surrounding the First World War raised a testing question for the British political system: on what terms could the working class be integrated into a stable social settlement? Manual workers and their families constituted an overwhelming, but severely disadvantaged, majority of the British population in this period, and both their industrial strength and political power were on the increase. Over 70 per cent of the British workforce was drawn from the working class; trade

in Equality and the British Left
Moira Maguire

1 Poverty, family dysfunction, and state provision for neglected children Introduction The years from the 1920s to the 1950s were characterized by periods of endemic poverty and austerity that had a profound impact on poor families. Children seem to have suffered the most from this poverty: at best they went to bed hungry and lived in home environments that were unhealthy and perhaps even dangerous; at worst, they were removed from homes where parents simply could not care for them out of their meager (and sometimes non-existent) resources. During bouts of

in Precarious childhood in post-independence Ireland