Analysing peacekeeping from the vantage point of practicetheories comes across as almost intuitive. After all, peacekeeping has long been understood as a practice , meaning that it is not grounded in the UN Charter but has evolved and continues to evolve in changing social and historical contexts and how they are interpreted and performed by various actors across the UN and its member states. This has led to significant shifts in our understanding of what peacekeeping means and what its main purpose is, frequently captured with the image of
UN peacekeeping is a core pillar of the multilateral peace and security architecture and a multi-billion-dollar undertaking reshaping lives around the world. In spite of this, the engagement between the literatures on UN peacekeeping and International Relations theory has been a slow development. This has changed in recent years, and there is now a growing interest tin examining UN peacekeeping from various theoretical perspectives to yield insights about how international relations are changing and developing. The volume is the first comprehensive overview of multiple theoretical perspectives on UN peacekeeping. There are two main uses of this volume. First, this volume provides the reader with insights into different theoretical lenses and how they can be applied practically to understanding UN peacekeeping better. Second, through case studies in each chapter, the volume provides practical examples of how International Relations theories – such as realism, liberal institutionalism, rational choice institutionalism, sociological institutionalism, feminist institutionalism, constructivism, critical security studies, practice theory, and complexity theory – can be applied to a specific policy issue. Applying these theories enhances our understanding of why UN peacekeeping, as an international institution, has evolved in a particular direction and functions the way that it does. The insights generated in the volume can also help shed light on other international institutions as well as the broader issue of international co-operation.
The European Union (EU), including its earlier formations, is a major economic and political actor in the region. This book seeks to gain insight into how EU practitioners consider the policy for which they have direct responsibility. It argues that a specific focus on practitioners' (diplomats, bureaucrats, and public officials) interactions can offer insight into the way EU foreign policy is practised. The book examines the data drawn from research interviews with EU practitioners who work on EU foreign policy vis-à-vis Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova. The ways that practitioners manage identity, normative, moral, and collective interest concerns are crucial for international relations (IR) theory, and for understanding EU foreign policy. The book illustrates the factors that have guided the path of the practice theory towards an application within IR and EU scholarship, and explains the notion of indexicality and the subsequent social action. It demonstrates the ways in which EU practitioners both co-construct and deconstruct the concept of the 'European' during research interviews, and focuses on norms and the functions of norms in EU foreign policy. Implying a vocational element to justify the necessary course of action that the EU ought to pursue in its eastern neighbourhood is not new. Practioners ought to be aware that the way in which they practise foreign policy is just as important as the policy itself. They have identified energy security as the most pressing common security interest that unites EU member states' interest into a collective interest, in the eastern neighbourhood.
The book reports on a major mixed-methods research project on dining out in England. It is a re-study of the populations of three cities – London, Bristol and Preston – based on a unique systematic comparison of behaviour between 2015 and 1995. It reveals social differences in practice and charts the dynamic relationship between eating in and eating out. It addresses topics including the changing frequency and meaning of dining out, patterns of domestic hospitality, changing domestic divisions of labour around food preparation, the variety of culinary experience for different sections of the population, class differences in taste and the pleasures and satisfactions associated with eating out. It shows how the practice of eating out in the three cities has evolved over twenty years. The findings are put in the context of controversies about the nature of taste, the role of social class, the application of theories of practice and the effects of institutional change in the UK. The subject matter is central to many disciplines: Food Studies, Sociology, Anthropology, Cultural Studies, Marketing, Hospitality and Tourism Studies, Media and Communication, Social History, Social and Cultural Geography. It is suitable for scholars, researchers, postgraduate students and advanced undergraduate students in the UK, Europe, North America and East Asia. Academic interest in the book should be accentuated by its theoretical, methodological and substantive aspects. It will also be of interest to the catering trades and a general readership on the back of burgeoning interest in food and eating fostered by mass and social media.
Digital maps and anchored time:
the case for practicetheory
Digital maps are increasingly embedded within everyday practices, from choosing a holiday destination to gaining directions to a bar. As hypermediate and
remediate forms (Bolter and Grusin, 2000), they are situated within a complex
array of connected technologies: web mapping services output digital cartography via popular web map engines like Google and Bing Maps which, in turn, sit
embedded on websites. Meanwhile, location-based services allow users to check
Studying practitioners’ practices
Practicetheory is a diverse and constantly evolving body of ideas regarding
the nature of social action, transcending a variety of disciplines in the social
sciences. In this chapter, I trace the evolution of the practice turn, from the
seminal work The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory (Schatzki et al., 2001)
to a more recent application in the field of IR (Pouliot, 2010; Adler and Pouliot
2011) and EU studies (Adler-Niessen, 2016). In the process, I illustrate the
different debates and discussions that have guided the
notions are dependent on each other
during policy development rather than any one taking priority over the others.
Building on poststructuralist IR theory and on discursive psychology’s theory
of social action, I show that this interdependency is a significant step for
poststructuralist IR theory as well as IR practicetheory. I put forward a new
analytical framework to capture practice, namely Discursive International
Relations (DIR), which includes a new conceptual model the Discourse Practice
Model (DPM) to help to recognise specific practices through identifying
collective interest concerns. These four concepts are crucial for IR theory,
and also for understanding EU foreign policy. Although each concept was
addressed in a separate chapter, I demonstrated points of interdependency
throughout the analysis. Their parallel existence is key for this study and for
poststructuralist practicetheory. It builds on previous constructive works that
linked identity and interests, but expanded it to normative and even moral
concerns faced by practitioners when developing a specific foreign policy.
Drawing this inference was only possible
which those words are ‘mobilised’. What do words do ? What do people do with, through and because of those words? The drawing and re-drawing of rhetorical boundaries is intertwined with the possibilities for practice. Emotions are defined, yes, but only insofar as emotions are done .
In a 2013 work on senses in religious communities in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, one of Nicky Hallett’s principal aims was to examine ‘how the practice of writing itself shaped the … sensitivities’ of nuns. She explored the extent to which
A Toilet Revolution and its socio-eco-technical entanglements
Sanitation is entangled with material infrastructure, policy landscapes and everyday practices, encompassing underpinning value, belief and norm systems. In this chapter, I argue that sanitation must be studied as more than an engineered system in order to design targeted interventions towards more sustainable futures. I reflect on the ways in which ideals of the networked city have perpetuated urban governance, planning and design and look at the ways in which they are embedded within China’s ongoing Toilet Revolution. I then propose that practicetheory, in