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Between emancipation and stigma
Patrícia Alves de Matos

In Portugal, the categories of trabalho precário (precarious labour), precariedade laboral (labour precarity) and the precariado (precariat) have entered everyday language. Since the mid-2000s, there is growing publicly and politically sanctioned association between precarity and highly qualified youngsters engaged in insecure, low-paid work in the service industry. In 1994, in the midst of ongoing student demonstrations against a more restrictive framework to accessing higher education, the editor of the Portuguese daily newspaper Público signed a

in Disciplined agency
Abstract only
Kuba Szreder

precariat (Standing 2014 ). The term ‘precarity’ is commonly used to denote instability, low wages, lack of security and thwarted possibilities of advancement, all related to adverse modes of employment, such as zero hours, part-time and flexible contracts. More generally, as feminist scholars such as Isabell Lorey and Judith Butler argue, precariousness is a fundamental condition of vulnerability, lack of protection, exposure to risks and violence, inherent not to any specific class of workers, but to whole populations, such as sans-papiers or women exposed to sexual

in The ABC of the projectariat
Anna Dezeuze

Futility and precarity Liquid capitalism’s new ‘lightness and motility’, argued Zygmunt Bauman in 2000, ‘have turned into the paramount source of uncertainty for all the rest’.1 Indeed, capitalism’s short-term tactics of mobility and evasion have been systematically accompanied since the 1980s by strategies of downsizing and outsourcing that have radically transformed the very definitions of work and society. Terms such as ‘flexploitation’ and ‘precarisation’ were coined in the late 1990s to describe the new uncertain status of work within this new global

in Almost nothing
Paul Darby, James Esson, and Christian Ungruhe

racialised tropes around African physical and intellectual capabilities, and in doing so contributes further to the inequalities faced by African migrant players (Agergaard and Ungruhe, 2016 ; Ungruhe, 2014 ; van Sterkenburg, Peeters and van Amsterdam, 2019 ). This occurs despite a general trend of growing hybridity and diversity in playing styles that migrants contribute to in leagues all over the world. The precarity induced by processes of racialised othering and self-charismatisation becomes even more apparent in instances

in African football migration
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

innovation can be any more effective than the past relief efforts it now disavows. Rather than system failure, just as important is that the world has changed. Societies are more fragmented and unequal than before ( Piketty, 2014 ). International space has striated into fast, slow and stopped lanes ( Brown, 2010 ) as debt, precarity and anger have flourished ( Mishra, 2017 ). Rather than correcting past mistakes, humanitarian innovation is embarked on a wholly different project. It is helping create the systems and structures to govern global precarity

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

incentive to tackle the political economy of precarity. Extreme food security crises represent a change in political market conditions that compel political elites to make tactical adjustments while also providing new opportunities for acquiring power or the instruments for power. Such changes in political organisation may endure well beyond the crisis. Finally, it follows that humanitarian operations are most likely to be caught up in the calculus of transactional politics in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Voices from Europe’s ‘migrant crisis’

Reclaiming Migration critically assesses the EU’s migration policy agenda by directly engaging the voices of Europe’s so-called migrant crisis that otherwise remain unheard: those of people on the move. It undertakes an extensive analysis of a counter-archive of testimonies co-produced with people migrating across the Mediterranean during 2015 and 2016, to document the ways in which EU policy developments both produce and perpetuate the precarity of those migrating under perilous conditions. The book shows how testimonies based on lived experiences of travelling to – and arriving in – the EU draw attention to the flawed assumptions embedded in the deterrence paradigm and policies of anti-smuggling; in protection mechanisms and asylum procedures that rely on simplistic understandings of the migratory journey; and in the EU’s self-projection as a place of human rights and humanitarianism. Yet, it also goes further to reveal how experiences of precarity, which such policies give rise to, are inseparable from claims for justice that are advanced by people on the move, who collectively provide a damning critique of the EU policy agenda. Reclaiming Migration develops a distinctive ‘anti-crisis’ approach to the analysis of migratory politics and shows how migration forms part of a broader movement that challenges the injustices of Europe’s ‘postcolonial present’. Written collectively by a team of esteemed scholars from across multiple disciplines, the book serves as an important contribution to debates in migration, border and refugee studies, as well as more widely to debates about postcolonialism and the politics of knowledge production.

Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

‘liberal space’ and its likely consequences for humanitarian action; Mark Duffield, on ‘post-humanitarianism’ and the government of precarity; Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, on the impact on Palestinian refugees of US budget cuts under Donald Trump; José Luis Fiori, on the new security strategy of the US and the disavowal of liberal internationalism; David Rieff, on the legitimacy of humanitarian agencies in a changing political landscape; Mel Bunce, on

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Activism and design in Italy
Author: Ilaria Vanni

Precarious objects is a book about activism and design. The context is the changes in work and employment from permanent to precarious arrangements in the twenty-first century in Italy. The book presents design interventions that address precarity as a defuturing force affecting political, social and material conditions. Precarious objects shows how design objects, called here ‘orientation devices’, recode political communication and reorient how things are imagined, produced and circulated. It also shows how design as a practice can reconfigure material conditions and prefigure ways to repair some of the effects of precarity on everyday life. Three microhistories illustrate activist repertoires that bring into play design, and design practices that are grounded in activism. While the vitality, experimental nature and traffic between theory and praxis of social movements in Italy have consistently attracted the interest of activists, students and researchers in diverse fields, there exists little in the area of design research. This is a study of design activism at the intersection of design theory and cultural research for researchers and students interested in design studies, cultural studies, social movements and Italian studies.

From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

principles, this is an approach underpinned by the depoliticisation of the cause of Palestinians’ displacement and dispossession – the occupation of Palestinian territory by the state of Israel. In essence, the deal is a ‘truly Trumpian solution’: ‘cash for peace instead of land for peace… Peace will therefore be economic, rather than political… Their hopes may be dead but their bank accounts will be in the black’ ( Fisk, 2018 ). While UNRWA may be perceived as being at particular risk due to the financial precarity resulting from the funding

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs