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Indigenous–European Encounters in Settler Societies
Editor: Lynette Russell

Cross-cultural encounters produce boundaries and frontiers. This book explores the formation, structure, and maintenance of boundaries and frontiers in settler colonies. The southern nations of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa have a common military heritage as all three united to fight for the British Empire during the Boer and First World Wars. The book focuses on the southern latitudes and especially Australia and Australian historiography. Looking at cross-cultural interactions in the settler colonies, the book illuminates the formation of new boundaries and the interaction between settler societies and indigenous groups. It contends that the frontier zone is a hybrid space, a place where both indigene and invader come together on land that each one believes to be their own. The best way to approach the northern Cape frontier zone is via an understanding of the significance of the frontier in South African history. The book explores some ways in which discourses of a natural, prehistoric Aboriginality inform colonial representations of the Australian landscape and its inhabitants, both indigenous and immigrant. The missions of the London Missionary Society (LMS) in Polynesia and Australia are examined to explore the ways in which frontiers between British and antipodean cultures were negotiated in colonial textuality. The role of the Treaty of Waitangi in New Zealand society is possibly the most important and controversial issue facing modern New Zealanders. The book also presents valuable insights into sexual politics, Aboriginal sovereignty, economics of Torres Strait maritime, and nomadism.

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Temporal frontiers and boundaries in colonial images of the Australian landscape

prehistoric Aboriginality that inform critic James Smith’s interpretation of von Guérard’s breathtaking panorama. In the terms of a colonial discourse that posited pre-colonial Australia as a natural, prehistoric landscape, Aboriginality not only became merged with Australia’s timeless past, but was contained within it. Aboriginality was synonymous with uncolonised Australia – not

in Colonial frontiers

. These ‘foods of defiance’ may simultaneously attest to difficulties in obtaining European food items, and to the indigenous preference for foods from their own cultural domain. Finally, by visiting or living around the outstation, a site occupied by them in times gone by (the outstation was built directly on top of a prehistoric Aboriginal site), the indigenous men and women of

in Colonial frontiers