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Plans and politics in Tunisia
Author: Mariam Salehi

Transitional Justice in Process is the first book to comprehensively study the Tunisian transitional justice process. After the fall of the Ben Ali regime in 2011, Tunisia started dealing with its authoritarian past very early on and initiated a comprehensive transitional justice process, with the Truth and Dignity Commission as its central institution. However, instead of bringing about peace and justice, transitional justice soon became an arena of contention. The book explores through a process lens how the transitional justice process evolved and why and explains how it relates to the political transition. Based on extensive field research in Tunisia and the United States, and interviews with a broad range of Tunisian and international stakeholders and decision-makers, the book provides an in-depth analysis of a crucial time period, beginning with the first initiatives to deal with the past and seek justice and accountability. It includes discussions of the development and design of the transitional justice mandate and, finally, looks at the performance of transitional justice institutions in practice. It examines the role of international justice professionals in different stages of the process, as well as the alliances and frictions between different actor groups that cut across the often-assumed local–international divide. The book therefore makes an essential contribution to literature on the domestic and international politics of transitional justice and in particular to our understanding of the Tunisian transitional justice process.

Catherine J. Frieman

above, even more so because those momentous (emphasis here on moment ) events are largely ephemeral – existing within the head of the inventor or emerging from an already well-established toolkit, material repertoire, or pattern of practices. Where archaeologists have access to this sort of temporally constrained and transient activity, it is because the sites themselves – and the processes that created them – are extraordinary. Shipwrecks such as the Uluburun, discovered off the Turkish coast in 1982, give us a window into the lives of their final crews and the

in An archaeology of innovation
Developments and dynamics
Mariam Salehi

finds that transitional justice has become more complex and extensive, both in terms of the actors involved in the respective processes and the expectations of what transitional justice should achieve (Teitel 2008 ). Building on Teitel's genealogy, Dustin Sharp ( 2013 , 157) lays out his understanding of a “fourth generation” of transitional justice, which is mainly characterised by attention being paid to issues and debates that were previously neglected, such as socio-economic concerns, local voices, and traditions. These have not replaced the prominent issues of

in Transitional justice in process
How displaced people are made into ‘migrants’
Kirsten Forkert, Federico Oliveri, Gargi Bhattacharyya, and Janna Graham

4 The processes of migrantification: how displaced people are made into ‘migrants’ Introduction This chapter reflects on the insights of feminist practices of memory work and what such an approach can bring to analyses of being constituted as ‘migrant’ in the UK and Italy, based on the interviews and workshops we carried out in both countries. The chapter argues that no one is born a migrant: people are constructed as ‘migrants’ through the manner in which they are positioned and treated by public institutions, the media and other members of society. These

in How media and conflicts make migrants
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Iberian Late Bronze Age ‘warrior’ stelae in-the-making
Marta Díaz-Guardamino

5 Rock art as process: Iberian Late Bronze Age ‘warrior’ stelae in-the-making Marta Díaz-Guardamino Introduction Research on engraved rock art has been traditionally focused on aspects of meaning and representation. Perhaps one of the best examples of this in Iberia is the influential work of Emmanuel Anati (1968), who viewed all engraved rock art in western Iberia as part of a tradition that evolved from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age, and whose religious-ideological meaning was considered self-evident and seminal to its making. A more sophisticated approach

in Images in the making
Bert Ingelaere

Introduction The peculiar course of the gacaca process introduced in Rwandan society to deal with the legacy of the 1994 genocide against Tutsi has been thoroughly examined in book-length scholarly studies ( Clark, 2010 ; Ingelaere, 2016 ; Chakravarty, 2015 ; Doughty, 2016 ; Longman, 2017 ). 1 Not only observations of trial proceedings but also survey results and popular narratives collected during fieldwork indicate that testimonial activity – both confessions but especially accusations – was the cornerstone of the gacaca system ( Penal Reform

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mark Harvey

4 Competition as instituted economic process Mark Harvey Introduction A challenge to the new economic sociology is that central economic processes should become the focus of theoretical and empirical sociological analysis. This chapter makes some steps towards analysing competition in that light, partly because competition is often assumed to be the market force of all market forces. The central argument made is both that competition processes are co-instituted with markets (including end markets), and that market processes are in turn co-instituted with

in Market relations and the competitive process
Jean-Marc Fontan and Denis Bussière

7 Evaluating the partnership research process Jean-Marc Fontan and Denis Bussières Translation by Elizabeth Carlyse As part of the project Strengthening Knowledge Strategies for Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development: A Global Study on Community–University Partnerships, the team at l’Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM, www. aruc-es.uqam.ca) was given the task of developing an evaluation process for research partnerships. First, a definition of partnership research was developed. Second, the concept of evaluation is discussed and an attempt made to

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Mateja Celestina

33 3 Displacement as an unwinding process Speaking of displacement, Alejandra remembers the disappearance of her mother at the end of the 1980s. Only one of her mother’s shoes, a sandal, was found at the entrance of the house –​all other traces were lost. Alejandra, who is now in her early thirties, was nine years old when her mother vanished. Her mother’s friend, Martina, took her in but she treated her differently to her own four children. As a result Alejandra feels she never had childhood. She dreams of going back to Urabá, but not so much to the place

in Living displacement
Editors: Stan Metcalfe and Alan Warde

There has been increasing interest and debate in recent years on the instituted nature of economic processes in general and the related ideas of the market and the competitive process in particular. This debate lies at the interface between two largely independent disciplines, economics and sociology, and reflects an attempt to bring the two fields of discourse more closely together. This book explores this interface in a number of ways, looking at the competitive process and market relations from a number of different perspectives. It considers the social role of economic institutions in society and examines the various meanings embedded in the word 'markets', as well as developing arguments on the nature of competition as an instituted economic process. The close of the twentieth century saw a virtual canonisation of markets as the best, indeed the only really effective, way to govern an economic system. The market organisation being canonised was simple and pure, along the lines of the standard textbook model in economics. The book discusses the concepts of polysemy , idealism, cognition, materiality and cultural economy. Michael Best provides an account of regional economic adaptation to changed market circumstances. This is the story of the dynamics of capitalism focused on the resurgence of the Route 128 region around Boston following its decline in the mid-1980s in the face of competition from Silicon Valley. The book also addresses the question of how this resurgence was achieved.