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Pastoral care in the parish church
Laura Varnam

3 Sacred and profane: Pastoral care in the parish church The fourteenth-century conduct poem How the Goode Wife Taught Hyr Doughter begins by establishing the centrality of the church in the life of the medieval laywoman. Good conduct on the part of the daughter is founded upon supporting the parish church: spiritually, financially, and through good behaviour. Doughter, and thou wylle be a wyfe, Wysely to wyrche in all thi lyfe Serve God, and kepe thy chyrche, And myche the better thou shal wyrche. To go to chyrch, lette for no reyne, And that schall helpe thee

in The church as sacred space in Middle English literature and culture
The Lexicon Cyrilli across Ages and Manuscripts
Dimitrios Papanikolaou

This article is concerned with a gigantic unpublished dictionary of Ancient Greek, most probably compiled at Alexandria during the first half of the sixth century ad. The dictionary is ascribed to Patriarch Cyril of Alexandria, an ascription strongly doubted. It is the first Greek dictionary which unites entries (usually rare ancient Greek words) found in Christian as well as pagan writers. The article investigates the ideology of the lexicon, which is strongly Christian, but also displays a warm acceptance of the classical literary past. The lexicon became the most influential in the history of Greek lexicography, having influenced almost all medieval Greek lexica (Hesychius, Synagoge, Photius, Suda, Zonaras and others). The article assembles all the information available today concerning the complicated history of scholarship on the lexicon, whose 200 preserved manuscripts and different surviving receptions have long puzzled scholars.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Balloons, fairs, ballads and the Great Exhibition
Jo Briggs

4 ‘All that is sacred is profaned’: balloons, fairs, ballads and the Great Exhibition What looks like a ghostly emanation from a chimney in a wood engraving from the Illustrated London News (see Figure 4.1) is in fact the torn and tattered fabric of a crashed balloon. A crowd, which appears to be mostly comprised of well-to-do carriage passengers and equestrians, including a veiled Amazon to the far right, are stopped in their tracks by the sight; the deflated balloon is wrapped around a chimney and blows in the wind, while men climb up ladders to assist the

in Novelty fair
Matěj Antoš and Petr Hrtánek

This study maps the influence of the Gothic mode in the Czech postmodern prose, especially in the novels published at the turn of the millennium: it primarily concerns books by Václav Vokolek, Miloš Urban and Jan Jandourek. Through analyticalinterpretative probes into these texts are demonstrated the main possibilities of the Gothic mode and consequences of its implementation in the contemporary Czech literature: distortion of the perspective and blurring of the individual identity, instability of the setting, expression of civilizational and existential fears. The study illustrates capturing of the key Gothic themes in the analyzed works of fiction and also the specific transformation and modification of these topics within individual author poetics. Special attention is particularly given to specifics of the setting, often combining typical Gothic topoi, which may be part of seriously intended opposition of the sacral and the profane, or they can also be presented as exposed cliché sceneries.

Gothic Studies
Author: Laura Varnam

The church as sacred space places the reader at the heart of medieval religious life, standing inside the church with the medieval laity in order to ask what the church meant to them and why. It examines the church as a building, idea, and community, and explores the ways in which the sanctity of the church was crucial to its place at the centre of lay devotion and parish life. At a time when the parish church was facing competition for lay attention, and dissenting movements such as Lollardy were challenging the relevance of the material church, the book examines what was at stake in discussions of sanctity and its manifestations. Exploring a range of Middle English literature alongside liturgy, architecture, and material culture, the book explores the ways in which the sanctity of the church was constructed and maintained for the edification of the laity. Drawing on a wide range of contemporary theoretical approaches, the book offers a reading of the church as continually produced and negotiated by the rituals, performances, and practices of its lay communities, who were constantly being asked to attend to its material form, visual decorations, and significance. The meaning of the church was a dominant question in late-medieval religious culture and this book provides an invaluable context for students and academics working on lay religious experience and canonical Middle English texts.

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Sarah Daynes

been shown to provide a beautiful case study for the analysis of collective memory—a dynamic memory in construction. But it is time now to draw conclusions from this specific case. In reggae music, memory now appears as complex process. Indeed, the construction of a “time-memory” mobilizes an articulation of both historical and mythical times: a continuity is built between the mythical origin and the present, between the mythical origin and the apocalyptic future, and ultimately between religious utopia and profane utopia (Figure 13.1). My study started in the

in Time and memory in reggae music
Murderers, martyrs and the ‘sacred space’ of the early modern prison
Lynn Robson

I want to begin with a glimpsed act of devotion. On the evening of 3 December 1517, just hours before Richard Hunne's corpse was found hanging in his cell in the Lollards’ Tower of St Paul's Cathedral, he was seen ‘telling his beads’. 1 Recounted in the inquest testimony of one of his jailers (which was then printed in The enquirie twenty years later) this captured image of Hunne seems an unequivocal act of orthodox devotion, which sanctifies the profane space of his prison cell. However

in People and piety
Richard Cust and Peter Lake

and hearing the word of God’.68 Once again, Hinde drove home the message to the local gentry. They were strictly enjoined to give up their vain and profane exercises of May games and summer greens, of their foot-races and horse-races, of their weekly and almost daily meetings and matches on their bowling greens, of their lavish betting of great wagers in such sorry trifles and of their stout and strong abetting of so silly vanities amongst hundreds and ­sometimes thousands of rude and vile persons to whom they should give better and not so bad example and

in Gentry culture and the politics of religion
Itinerant death at the Ground Zero Mosque and Bali bombsite
Charlotte Heath-Kelly

. This community centre on Park Place contains an Islamic prayer room, but unlike many other such structures that include prayer rooms (for example, the Pentagon or most airports), it was characterised in the American media as a mosque. The divergence in this naming occurred in response to the site’s proximity to the WTC, which informed activists’ labelling of the development as profane. The Park 51 centre

in Death and security
Abstract only
Sam Rohdie

Christ; the present of Italy and the past of Italy (the Renaissance) and further back a classical past at the time of Christ; a film image and a painting; low culture and high culture; the profane and the sacred. These iconological and cultural comparisons have a musical extension: the music of the baroque Italian composer Antonio Vivaldi alternates with gypsy music. There is also a literary comparison and join: passages from Dante Alighieri’s Inferno of the thirteenth century read out in prison, a hell of its own where Ettore has been incarcerated. The noble poetry of

in Film modernism