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Andrea M. Szkil

The subject of forensic specialist‘s work with human remains in the aftermath of conflict has remained largely unexplored within the existing literature. Drawing upon anthropological fieldwork conducted from 2009–10 in three mortuary facilities overseen by the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), this article analyses observations of and interviews with ICMP forensic specialists as a means of gaining insight into their experiences with the remains of people who went missing during the 1992–95 war in BiH. The article specifically focuses on how forensic specialists construct and maintain their professional identities within an emotionally charged situation. Through analysing forensic specialists encounters with human remains, it is argued that maintaining a professional identity requires ICMP forensic specialists to navigate between emotional attachment and engagement according to each situation.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Catholic women religious in nineteenth-century England and Wales

Roman Catholic women's congregations are an enigma of nineteenth century social history. Over 10,000 women, establishing and managing significant Catholic educational, health care and social welfare institutions in England and Wales, have virtually disappeared from history. In nineteenth-century England, representations of women religious were ambiguous and contested from both within and without the convent. This book places women religious in the centre of nineteenth-century social history and reveals how religious activism shaped the identity of Catholic women religious. It is devoted to evolution of religious life and the early monastic life of the women. Catholic women were not pushed into becoming women religious. On the basis of their available options, they chose a path that best suited their personal, spiritual, economic and vocational needs. The postulancy and novitiate period formed a rite of passage that tested the vocation of each aspirant. The book explores the religious activism of women religious through their missionary identity and professional identity. The labour of these women was linked to their role as evangelisers. The book deals with the development of a congregation's corporate identity which brought together a disparate group of women under the banner of religious life. It looks specifically at class and ethnicity and the women who entered religious life, and identifies the source of authority for the congregation and the individual sister.

Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Helen Cowie

that separated the naturalist from the scholastic or the non-specialist traveller was his reliance upon precision instruments. The possession and use of specialist equipment enhanced the accuracy and credibility of the naturalist’s observations, forming an integral part of his professional identity. In an environment where voluminous apparatus made by master craftsmen evidenced scholarly rigour, having

in Conquering nature in Spain and its empire, 1750–1850
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Carmen M. Mangion

5 Professionalising1 It is not praising a nun to say that she is a good teacher or a good cook (though these qualities are valuable acquisitions to their Community), but the praise of a nun is to say ‘She is a good religious’.2 The labour of women religious in the fields of education and health care and in the provision of social services was intricately linked to their missionary and professional identity. As discussed in the previous chapter, salvation – their own and that of others – was at the core of their way of life as simplevowed women religious. Their

in Contested identities
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Angela Lait

to enhance that status and security further. This is no longer the case and what can be seen in Saturday is that contemporary business methods and processes threaten Perowne’s professional identity and undermine both his status and security as he loses control over aspects of his life. Any loss of autonomy is problematic because it is incompatible with the acculturating values of Western liberal

in Telling tales
Nurses and ECT in Dutch psychiatry, 1940–2010
Geertje Boschma

responsibilities can be observed in the use of ECT, particularly when its application increased during the 1990s, providing nurses with new opportunities for specialised roles. In this chapter I  first explore how nurses took up their work in ECT in the 1940s and 1950s. Then, I examine the way they negotiated their professional identity in the face of dwindling ECT use and fierce anti-psychiatric critique in the 1970s and 1980s. Finally, I discuss how ECT use increased again during the 1990s, affecting nurses’ professional knowledge and authority over ECT. Nurses were able to

in Histories of nursing practice
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Artefacts and disciplinary formation
Samuel J.M.M. Alberti

character of archaeology and the neglect of the classical collections since the Second World War shaped the strategy of the Museum Committee in finding a replacement for Burton-Brown upon his retirement in 1969.74 Setting out to appoint a classical archaeologist, the Committee found John Prag, a young Hellenist from the Ashmolean Museum.75 Prag was among a new generation of archaeologists in the 1960s who had postgraduate training that had rarely been available to their predecessors.76 The professional identity of archaeological curators, meanwhile, was consolidated by

in Nature and culture
DGH psychiatric nurses at Withington General Hospital, 1971-91
Val Harrington

to evaluate its development from their perspective. Nurses were not only the largest staff group, but the nature of both their work and their working hours meant that they were omnipresent. They thus occupy a dual function in the narrative, as both actors and witnesses. The chapter explores how nurses both contributed and adapted to the DGH environment. This process helped forge a new ­professional identity, far removed from that of the traditional asylum nurse and also quite distinct from that of the CPN. Since it is the figure of the CPN who dominates both

in Mental health nursing
Author: Helen Cowie

As the British and French empires expanded, constructing new imperial dimensions through growing commerce and the relationships of industrialisation, the bases of Spanish power were being undermined. Nationalism, revolt, the pursuit of forms of decolonisation (often aided by Spain's rivals) became the prime characteristic of Central and South American politics. This book examines the study of natural history in the Spanish empire in the years 1750-1850, explaining how the Spanish authorities collected specimens for the Real Jardín Botanico and the Real Gabinete de Historia Natural. During this period, Spain made strenuous efforts to survey, inventory and exploit the natural productions of her overseas possessions, orchestrating a series of scientific expeditions and cultivating and displaying American fauna and flora in metropolitan gardens and museums. This book assesses the cultural significance of natural history, emphasising the figurative and utilitarian value with which eighteenth-century Spaniards invested natural objects, from globetrotting elephants to three-legged chickens. Attention is also paid to the ambiguous position of Creole (American-born Spanish) naturalists, who were simultaneously anxious to secure European recognition for their work, to celebrate the natural wealth of their homelands. It considers the role of precision instruments, physical suffering and moral probity in the construction of the naturalist's professional identity. The book assesses how indigenous people, women and Creoles measured up to these demanding criteria. Finally, it discusses how the creation, legitimisation and dissemination of scientific knowledge reflected broader questions of imperial power and national identity.