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Andrea M. Szkil

The subject of forensic specialist‘s work with human remains in the aftermath of conflict has remained largely unexplored within the existing literature. Drawing upon anthropological fieldwork conducted from 2009–10 in three mortuary facilities overseen by the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), this article analyses observations of and interviews with ICMP forensic specialists as a means of gaining insight into their experiences with the remains of people who went missing during the 1992–95 war in BiH. The article specifically focuses on how forensic specialists construct and maintain their professional identities within an emotionally charged situation. Through analysing forensic specialists encounters with human remains, it is argued that maintaining a professional identity requires ICMP forensic specialists to navigate between emotional attachment and engagement according to each situation.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Catholic women religious in nineteenth-century England and Wales

Roman Catholic women's congregations are an enigma of nineteenth century social history. Over 10,000 women, establishing and managing significant Catholic educational, health care and social welfare institutions in England and Wales, have virtually disappeared from history. In nineteenth-century England, representations of women religious were ambiguous and contested from both within and without the convent. This book places women religious in the centre of nineteenth-century social history and reveals how religious activism shaped the identity of Catholic women religious. It is devoted to evolution of religious life and the early monastic life of the women. Catholic women were not pushed into becoming women religious. On the basis of their available options, they chose a path that best suited their personal, spiritual, economic and vocational needs. The postulancy and novitiate period formed a rite of passage that tested the vocation of each aspirant. The book explores the religious activism of women religious through their missionary identity and professional identity. The labour of these women was linked to their role as evangelisers. The book deals with the development of a congregation's corporate identity which brought together a disparate group of women under the banner of religious life. It looks specifically at class and ethnicity and the women who entered religious life, and identifies the source of authority for the congregation and the individual sister.

Open Access (free)
The myth of the modern surgeon

Brilliant, volatile, and invariably male, the surgeon stereotype is a widespread and instantly recognisable part of Western culture. Setting out to anatomise this stereotype, Cold, Hard Steel offers an exciting new history of modern and contemporary British surgery. The book draws on archival materials and original interviews with surgeons, analysing them alongside a range of fictional depictions, from the Doctor in the House novels to Mills & Boon romances and the pioneering soap opera Emergency Ward 10. Presenting a unique social, cultural, and emotional history, it sheds light on the development and maintenance of the surgical stereotype and explains why it has proved so enduring. At the same time, the book explores the more candid and compassionate image of the surgeon that has begun to emerge in recent years, revealing how a series of high-profile memoirs both challenge the surgical stereotype and simultaneously confirm it.

Helen Cowie

that separated the naturalist from the scholastic or the non-specialist traveller was his reliance upon precision instruments. The possession and use of specialist equipment enhanced the accuracy and credibility of the naturalist’s observations, forming an integral part of his professional identity. In an environment where voluminous apparatus made by master craftsmen evidenced scholarly rigour, having

in Conquering nature in Spain and its empire, 1750–1850
Open Access (free)
Agnes Arnold-Forster

were not just because surgery is a difficult job that requires real dedication: surgeons’ relationship with time was – and continues to be – a product of their professional identity. And, over the course of the twentieth century, time’s role in the self-made myths of modern surgery became increasingly fraught and increasingly prominent. After the Second World War, time was both a

in Cold, hard steel
Abstract only
Carmen M. Mangion

5 Professionalising1 It is not praising a nun to say that she is a good teacher or a good cook (though these qualities are valuable acquisitions to their Community), but the praise of a nun is to say ‘She is a good religious’.2 The labour of women religious in the fields of education and health care and in the provision of social services was intricately linked to their missionary and professional identity. As discussed in the previous chapter, salvation – their own and that of others – was at the core of their way of life as simplevowed women religious. Their

in Contested identities
Abstract only
Angela Lait

to enhance that status and security further. This is no longer the case and what can be seen in Saturday is that contemporary business methods and processes threaten Perowne’s professional identity and undermine both his status and security as he loses control over aspects of his life. Any loss of autonomy is problematic because it is incompatible with the acculturating values of Western liberal

in Telling tales
Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Katey Logan

providers and the public, of economic change, and of professional identity. This diversity highlights the ‘bigness’ of the NHS as an institution whose cultural reach extends beyond traditional hospital and local surgery settings. Like Alex Mold’s chapter in this volume on health messaging in the public domain, this case study places the NHS in the community, addressing the editorial question of how the NHS is lived and felt in public life and culture. Finally, the case study acts as a reminder that the high

in Posters, protests, and prescriptions
Nurses and ECT in Dutch psychiatry, 1940–2010
Geertje Boschma

responsibilities can be observed in the use of ECT, particularly when its application increased during the 1990s, providing nurses with new opportunities for specialised roles. In this chapter I  first explore how nurses took up their work in ECT in the 1940s and 1950s. Then, I examine the way they negotiated their professional identity in the face of dwindling ECT use and fierce anti-psychiatric critique in the 1970s and 1980s. Finally, I discuss how ECT use increased again during the 1990s, affecting nurses’ professional knowledge and authority over ECT. Nurses were able to

in Histories of nursing practice