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Mary Bridges Adams and the fight for knowledge and power, 1855–1939
Author: Jane Martin

This book revisits the history of British socialism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the light of the life and work of Mary Bridges Adams. Mary's activities within the Labour movement, and as a campaigner for improvements in working-class education, challenged established elites in ways that are important for understanding of this watershed period. The book first contains an overview of Mary's life with a focus on her route into the socialist movement. Then, the book presents micro-histories and uses prosopography to show that socialism is both lifestyle and a form of organised political activism. It puts these elements together to provide a bridge between the social, political and education history. The discussion of the issue of parental choice, considered in relation to her son's education biography, acts as mediator between the personal and the political, to examine the importance of education to the pioneering generation of British socialists. The book also contains a discussion of different aspects of Mary's political practice, in an attempt to formulate a new interpretation of the making of the British welfare state. It injects a gendered dimension into the analysis of the independent working-class education movement and examines Mary's social action and milieu in the First World War.

The lives of Lewis Namier
Author: D. W. Hayton

Lewis Namier was one of the most important historians of the twentieth century. His work on the politics of the 1760s, based on the ‘scientific’ analysis of a mass of contemporary documents, and emphasising the material and psychological elements of human motivation, was seen by contemporaries as ’revolutionary’ and remains controversial. It gave a new word to the English language: to Namierise. Moreover, Namier played a major role in public affairs, in the Foreign Office, 1915–20, and in the Zionist Organisation in the 1930s, and was close to many of the leading figures of his day. This is the first biography of Namier for half a century, and the first to integrate all aspects of his life and thought. Based on a comprehensive range of sources, including the entire corpus of Namier’s writings, it provides a full account of his background, examines his role in politics and reconstructs his work as a historian, showing the origins and development of his ideas about the past, and the subjects which preoccupied him: nationalism, empire, and the psychology of individuals and groups. Namier’s life and writings illuminate many of the key events of the twentieth century, his belief in the power of nationalism and the importance of national territory, foreshadowing problems which still beset our own world.

Stephen Baxter

have arisen in connection with recent work on Anglo-Saxon prosopography, in which Janet Nelson has played a leading role. 2 The material relating to Burgheard’s death Burgheard’s family played a prominent role in English politics between the early 990s and early 1070s. His great-grandfather, Leofwine, was an ealdorman in the south-west Midlands under Æthelred ‘the Unready

in Frankland
A new approach
John Herson

history’.71 It identifies the total population of settled Irish families and examines in depth a representative selection. The analysis is structured by the concepts of the family discussed earlier. The overall method can best be described as collective family biography or ‘family prosopography’. The potential of this approach has been acknowledged in Irish migration studies, but the work done so far has been limited and almost none relates to the Irish in Britain.72 Collective biography, or prosopography, investigates the characteristics of groups of historical actors

in Divergent paths
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Laurence Lux-Sterritt

This introduction provides an overview of the historiography of English Catholicism in the early modern period and highlights the absence, until recently, of substantial academic work on the place and role of enclosed nuns in the survival and the Catholic mission. In an effort to contextualise the English convents in exile on the Continent, it asks the question of the national specificities of institutions which belonged to the same Church and the same Orders as continental monasteries yet were the product of very different circumstances at home. Moreover, the introduction highlights the interdisciplinarity of the study of convents, which is at the crossroads of prosopography, religious history, social history, political history, but can also be approached through the prisms of art history, literary studies, gender studies or emotion studies.

in English Benedictine nuns in exile in the seventeenth century
Activities, categories and patterns
David J. Crankshaw

), multiple career-line analysis (as the social scientists call it), or prosopography (as the ancient historians call it) has developed into one of the most valuable ... techniques of the research historian. Prosopography is the investigation of the common background characteristics of a group of actors in history by means of a collective study of their lives. The 45 Adlington_Chaplains_02_Ch3_Final.indd 45 07/06/2013 09:14 Chaplains in early modern England method employed is to establish a universe to be studied, and then to ask a set of uniform questions – about birth

in Chaplains in early modern England
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David J. Appleby and Andrew Hopper

Savoy and at Ely House, not all medical provision measured up to these impressive standards. As Gruber von Arni has shown in this volume, the royalists invariably struggled to match Parliament’s administration of care to their soldiery. Nevertheless, more research is needed on the medical practitioners and recovery facilities that served the English and Welsh provincial armies of both sides, as well as the situation in Scotland and Ireland. Ismini Pells has begun this work, constructing a prosopography of regimental surgeons and frontline medical personnel arising

in Battle-scarred
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Dame Jinty Nelson . . . An appreciation
Paul Fouracre and David Ganz

least, substantial contributions to the on-line prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England. Remarkably, her track record as a ‘doer’ is as impressive as her publication record. She has been President of the Ecclesiastical History Society, Vice-President of the British Academy, Corresponding Fellow of the Medieval Academy of America, President of the Royal Historical Society, Director of the Centre for Late

in Frankland
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Carmen M. Mangion

corroborate and fill in the gaps in the congregation records. These documents serve as the basis for a prosopographical analysis within which precise historical questions about a collective group can be posed. Prosopography is often called a ‘biography of a community’11 as it suggests relationships and connections between a group of individuals and the social, political and religious environment of their time.12 Lawrence Stone, an early patron of prosopography, used this methodology in his work _________________ ‘Anticlericals and Bonnes Soeurs: The Rhetoric of the 1901 Law

in Contested identities
The Rotuli de Dominabus et Pueris et Puellis de XII Comitatibus of 1185
Susan M. Johns

, Appendix 2: 19. C. Clark, ‘English personal names ca. 650–1300: some prosopographical readings’, Medieval Prosopography, 8 (1987), 43. J. C. Holt, ‘Feudal society and the family in early medieval England’, II ‘Notions of patrimony’, TRHS, 5th ser., 33 (1983), 193–220; D. A. Postles, ‘The baptismal name in thirteenth-century England: processes and naming patterns’, Medieval Prosopography, 13 (1992), 21. Eight individuals have eluded classification: Appendix 2: 5, 20, 36, 39, 64, 67, 69, 96. In the following discussion italicised numbers indicate that the designation is

in Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm