This book revisits the history of British socialism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the light of the life and work of Mary Bridges Adams. Mary's activities within the Labour movement, and as a campaigner for improvements in working-class education, challenged established elites in ways that are important for understanding of this watershed period. The book first contains an overview of Mary's life with a focus on her route into the socialist movement. Then, the book presents micro-histories and uses prosopography to show that socialism is both lifestyle and a form of organised political activism. It puts these elements together to provide a bridge between the social, political and education history. The discussion of the issue of parental choice, considered in relation to her son's education biography, acts as mediator between the personal and the political, to examine the importance of education to the pioneering generation of British socialists. The book also contains a discussion of different aspects of Mary's political practice, in an attempt to formulate a new interpretation of the making of the British welfare state. It injects a gendered dimension into the analysis of the independent working-class education movement and examines Mary's social action and milieu in the First World War.
Lewis Namier was one of the most important historians of the twentieth century. His work on the politics of the 1760s, based on the ‘scientific’ analysis of a mass of contemporary documents, and emphasising the material and psychological elements of human motivation, was seen by contemporaries as ’revolutionary’ and remains controversial. It gave a new word to the English language: to Namierise. Moreover, Namier played a major role in public affairs, in the Foreign Office, 1915–20, and in the Zionist Organisation in the 1930s, and was close to many of the leading figures of his day. This is the first biography of Namier for half a century, and the first to integrate all aspects of his life and thought. Based on a comprehensive range of sources, including the entire corpus of Namier’s writings, it provides a full account of his background, examines his role in politics and reconstructs his work as a historian, showing the origins and development of his ideas about the past, and the subjects which preoccupied him: nationalism, empire, and the psychology of individuals and groups. Namier’s life and writings illuminate many of the key events of the twentieth century, his belief in the power of nationalism and the importance of national territory, foreshadowing problems which still beset our own world.
have arisen in connection
with recent work on Anglo-Saxon prosopography, in which Janet Nelson has
played a leading role. 2
The material relating to Burgheard’s death
Burgheard’s family played a
prominent role in English politics between the early 990s and early
1070s. His great-grandfather, Leofwine, was an ealdorman in the
south-west Midlands under Æthelred ‘the Unready
history’.71 It identifies the total population of settled Irish
families and examines in depth a representative selection. The analysis is
structured by the concepts of the family discussed earlier. The overall
method can best be described as collective family biography or ‘family
prosopography’. The potential of this approach has been acknowledged
in Irish migration studies, but the work done so far has been limited and
almost none relates to the Irish in Britain.72 Collective biography, or prosopography, investigates the characteristics of groups of historical actors
This introduction provides an overview of the historiography of English Catholicism in the early modern period and highlights the absence, until recently, of substantial academic work on the place and role of enclosed nuns in the survival and the Catholic mission. In an effort to contextualise the English convents in exile on the Continent, it asks the question of the national specificities of institutions which belonged to the same Church and the same Orders as continental monasteries yet were the product of very different circumstances at home. Moreover, the introduction highlights the interdisciplinarity of the study of convents, which is at the crossroads of prosopography, religious history, social history, political history, but can also be approached through the prisms of art history, literary studies, gender studies or emotion studies.
), multiple career-line analysis
(as the social scientists call it), or prosopography (as the ancient historians call it)
has developed into one of the most valuable ... techniques of the research historian. Prosopography is the investigation of the common background characteristics
of a group of actors in history by means of a collective study of their lives. The
Chaplains in early modern England
method employed is to establish a universe to be studied, and then to ask a set of
uniform questions – about birth
Savoy and at Ely House, not all medical provision measured up
to these impressive standards. As Gruber von Arni has shown in this volume,
the royalists invariably struggled to match Parliament’s administration of
care to their soldiery. Nevertheless, more research is needed on the medical
practitioners and recovery facilities that served the English and Welsh provincial armies of both sides, as well as the situation in Scotland and Ireland.
Ismini Pells has begun this work, constructing a prosopography of regimental surgeons and frontline medical personnel arising
least, substantial contributions to the on-line prosopography of
Anglo-Saxon England. Remarkably, her track record as a
‘doer’ is as impressive as her publication record. She has
been President of the Ecclesiastical History Society, Vice-President of
the British Academy, Corresponding Fellow of the Medieval Academy of
America, President of the Royal Historical Society, Director of the
Centre for Late
corroborate and fill in the gaps in the congregation records.
These documents serve as the basis for a prosopographical analysis
within which precise historical questions about a collective group can be
posed. Prosopography is often called a ‘biography of a community’11 as it
suggests relationships and connections between a group of individuals and
the social, political and religious environment of their time.12 Lawrence
Stone, an early patron of prosopography, used this methodology in his work
‘Anticlericals and Bonnes Soeurs: The Rhetoric of the 1901 Law
The Rotuli de Dominabus et Pueris et Puellis de XII Comitatibus of 1185
Susan M. Johns
, Appendix 2: 19.
C. Clark, ‘English personal names ca. 650–1300: some prosopographical readings’,
Medieval Prosopography, 8 (1987), 43.
J. C. Holt, ‘Feudal society and the family in early medieval England’, II ‘Notions of
patrimony’, TRHS, 5th ser., 33 (1983), 193–220; D. A. Postles, ‘The baptismal name in
thirteenth-century England: processes and naming patterns’, Medieval Prosopography,
13 (1992), 21.
Eight individuals have eluded classification: Appendix 2: 5, 20, 36, 39, 64, 67, 69, 96.
In the following discussion italicised numbers indicate that the designation is