This book examines the phenomenon of the rise and fall of the Irish Celtic Tiger from a cultural perspective. It looks at Ireland's regression from prosperity to austerity in terms of a society as opposed to just an economy. Using literary and cultural theory, it looks at how this period was influenced by, and in its turn influenced, areas such as religion, popular culture, politics, literature, photography, gastronomy, music, theatre, poetry and film. It seeks to provide some answers as to what exactly happened to Irish society in the past few decades of boom and bust. The socio-cultural rather than the purely economic lens it uses to critique the Celtic Tiger is useful because society and culture are inevitably influenced by what happens in the economic sphere. That said, all of the measures taken in the wake of the financial crash sought to find solutions to aid the ailing economy, and the social and cultural ramifications were shamefully neglected. The aim of this book therefore is to bring the ‘Real’ of the socio-cultural consequences of the Celtic Tiger out of the darkness and to initiate a debate that is, in some respects, equally important as the numerous economic analyses of recent times. The essays analyse how culture and society are mutually-informing discourses and how this synthesis may help us to more fully understand what happened in this period, and more importantly, why it happened.
Towards a legitimation of prosperity?
With the end of the Second World War and consolidation of the rapid economic development and growth in production of what Hobsbawm called ‘the
golden age’, in Western society the security of the population’s financial wellbeing became the principal parameter for assessing the validity of any party’s
programme. In Italy, as elsewhere, the foundations were laid for an impressive increase in production and raising of living standards, but at least until
the late 1950s the country’s main political cultures proved
This book offers an analysis of the problem of the authority of the state in democracies. Unlike many discussions of democracy that treat authority as a problem primarily of domestic politics or normative values, it puts the international economy at the centre of the analysis. The book shows how changes in the international economy from the inter-war years to the end of the twentieth century impacted upon the success and failures of democracy. It makes the argument by considering a range of different cases, and traces the success and failure of democracies over the past century. The book includes detailed studies of democracies in both developed and developing countries, and offers a comparative analysis of their fate.
William Tyndale, the Bible translator and Reformation martyr, enjoyed a sudden
revival of interest in the mid-nineteenth century. This article examines one
important aspect of his Victorian rehabilitation – his memorialization in stone
and bronze. It analyses the campaigns to,erect two monuments in his honour – a
tower on Nibley Knoll in Gloucestershire, inaugurated in 1866; and a statue in
central London, on the Thames Embankment, unveiled in 1884. Both enjoyed wide
support across the political and ecclesiastical spectrum of Protestantism, and
anti-Catholicism was especially prominent in the first initiative. Both
monuments emphasized the blessings of the Bible in English, the importance of
religious liberty, and the prosperity of England and the Empire as a result of
its Reformation heritage. The article argues that controversy concerning
Tractarianism and biblical criticism was brushed under the carpet, and Tyndales
distinctive evangelical theology was deliberately downplayed, in order to
present the martyr as a unifying figure attractive to a broad Protestant
like an applied manual of
realist theory. It defines strategic objectives and identifies the main rivals of the US,
collectively considered to present a threat to the country’s national interests. It sets
out four ‘vital national interests’, which are not fundamentally new
( ibid .: 3): 1) the protection of the American people and their way of life; 2)
the promotion of economic prosperity and America’s technological leadership; 3) the
preservation through force of world peace; 4) the expansion of the global influence of the US.
The strategy then
prosperity 5 . The modern compulsion to rule over planetary life was made possible by directly appealing to the twinned imperatives of order and progress. This would be upheld by a formidable school of intellectual thought, where ontology was firmly securitised, and the idea of progress tied to the epistemic development of human discovery and technological advancement that emerged again from naturalist understandings of human savagery. While, as mentioned, the onset of racial violence predicated on claims to the innate backwardness of certain ‘races of peoples’ resulted in
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas
for the World Humanitarian
Summit , www.agendaforhumanity.org/sites/default/files/resources/2017/Jul/Restoring_Humanity_Synthesis_of_the_Consultation_Process_for_the_World_Humanitarian_Summit.pdf
(accessed 20 October 2016) .
World Bank ( 2018 ), Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2018: Piecing Together
the Poverty Puzzle , www.worldbank.org/en/publication/poverty-and-shared-prosperity
violence to economic prosperity, are ‘presented as unambiguous and
objective’ because they ‘are grounded in the certainty of
numbers’. Such a conception of numbers is encapsulated by Desrosières (2001 : 348) when he
talks of ‘metrological realism’. This viewpoint holds that
‘computed moments (averages, variances, correlations) have a substance that
reflects an underlying macrosocial reality, revealed by those computations’.
In other words, numbers reveal something about the
Victorian medical men could suffer numerous setbacks on their individual paths to professionalisation, and Thomas Elkanah Hoyle's career offers a telling exemplar. This book addresses a range of the financial, professional, and personal challenges that faced and sometimes defeated the aspiring medical men of England and Wales. Spanning the decades 1780-1890, from the publication of the first medical directory to the second Medical Registration Act, it considers their careers in England and Wales, and in the Indian Medical Service. The book questions the existing picture of broad and rising medical prosperity across the nineteenth century to consider the men who did not keep up with professionalising trends. Financial difficulty was widespread in medical practice, and while there are only a few who underwent bankruptcy or insolvency identified among medical suicides, the fear of financial failure could prove a powerful motive for self-destruction. The book unpicks the life stories of men such as Henry Edwards, who could not sustain a professional persona of disinterested expertise. In doing so it uncovers the trials of the medical marketplace and the pressures of medical masculinity. The book also considers charges against practitioners that entailed their neglect, incompetence or questionable practice which occasioned a threat to patients' lives. The occurrence and reporting of violent crime by medical men, specifically serious sexual assault and murder is also discussed. A tiny proportion of medical practitioners also experienced life as a patient in an asylum.
On the global stage the British diaspora, proportionate to its population, remains one of the largest. This book is the first social history to explore experiences of British emigrants from the peak years of the 1960s to the emigration resurgence of the turn of the twentieth century. It explores migrant experiences in Australia, Canada and New Zealand alongside other countries. The book charts the gradual reinvention of the 'British diaspora' from a postwar migration of austerity to a modern migration of prosperity. It is divided into two parts. First part presents a decade-by-decade chronology of changes in migration patterns and experience, progressing gradually from the postwar migration of austerity to a more discretionary mobility of affluence. It discusses 'pioneers of modern mobility'; the 1970s rise in non-white migration and the decline of British privilege in the old Commonwealth countries of white settlement; 'Thatcher's refugees' and cosmopolitanism and 'lifestyle' migration. Second part shifts from a chronological to a thematic focus, by drilling down into some of the more prominent themes encountered. It explores the interplay of patterns of change and continuity in the migrant careers of skilled workers, trade unionists, professionals and mobile academics. The push and pull of private life, migration to transform a way of life, and migrant and return experiences discussed highlight the underlying theme of continuity amidst change. The long process of change from the 1960s to patterns of discretionary, treechange and nomadic migration became more common practice from the end of the twentieth century.