lived in a luxurious home until I was sixteen, and then for
years after that had the easy life that immoral living brings,
and I just cannot be moral enough to see where drudgery is
better than a life of lazy vice. [Maimie Pinzer of Philadelphia
Prostitution, sin and the law
Seldom if ever did princes and magistrates in Italy attempt to forbid women to sell sexual services to men in all parts of their cities and territories. But prostitutes who plied
their trade in forbidden places, or at forbidden times, or consented to ‘unnatural’ acts,
were liable to punishment, albeit randomly applied. Their behaviour, to say nothing of
their clients’ rowdy and sometimes violent antics, could be distressing to neighbours.
Much like, for example, butchery or tanning, public prostitution was best confined to
This book demonstrates that the discussion of non-aristocratic women can be securely grounded in archival documentation. It explores, with sensitivity and sophistication, the relationship between the picture which emerges from such sources and the literary and theological perceptions of womankind. The book provides a collection of documentary material, much of it previously unpublished, and guides the reader in the techniques needed to glean rich evidence of contemporary behaviour and assumptions from what can seem, at first sight, unpromisingly austere sources. It also demonstrates the variety of evidence that survives of English women in all walks of life from the time of Edward I to the eve of the Reformation. The book then provides substantial overview of current thinking about English medieval women below the level of the greater aristocracy. It also explores the life-cycle themes of childhood, adolescence, married life, widowhood and old age. The book then moves on to examine such topics as work in town and country, prostitution, the law, recreation and devotion. There is an element of caprice and artificiality in trying to divide the lives of medieval women under particular heads. This is especially true of the label 'devotion'. The culture of later medieval England was a Christian culture and Christian ideology permeated every aspect of life. The book recovers the experience of ordinary medieval women.
This is an examination of the attempts to regulate female sexuality in twentieth-century Northern Ireland from the 1900s to the 1960s. Using a range of archive material, it opens up areas of a previously neglected history, and contributes to social history, women's history and the history of sexuality. The study explores a range of women's experiences, from those involved in prostitution and suspected of having VD, to the anxieties generated by the behaviour of girls and young women in general, particularly on the arrival of US troops during the Second World War. The activities of organisations involved in protecting and preventing girls from ‘falling into sin’ are examined, and the book contains a new assessment of the Magdalen Asylums and discusses Northern Irish experience in the context of comparative studies of female sexual regulation elsewhere. It identifies certain common themes, including the increasing role of medical experts and medical legislation, but also the uniqueness of the experience of this part of Ireland. The book highlights the commonality of Protestant and Catholic attitudes, clearly seen in their reaction to the public health campaigns against VD and the provision of contraception.
The operation of the British model of imperialism was never consistent, seldom coherent, and far from comprehensive. Purity campaigns, controversies about the age of consent, the regulation of prostitution and passage and repeal of contagious diseases laws, as well as a new legislative awareness of homosexuality, were all part of the sexual currency of the late Victorian age. Colonial governments, institutions and companies recognised that in many ways the effective operation of the Empire depended upon sexual arrangements. They devised elaborate systems of sexual governance, but also devoted disproportionate energy to marking and policing the sexual margins. This book not only investigates controversies surrounding prostitution, homosexuality and the age of consent in the British Empire, but also revolutionises people's notions about the importance of sex as a nexus of imperial power relations. The derivative hypothesis, which reads colonial sexuality politics as something England did or gave to its colonies, is illustrated and made explicit by the Indian Spectator, which seemed simply to accept that India should follow English precedent. In 1885, the South Australian parliament passed legislation, similar to England's Criminal Law Amendment Act, which raised the age of consent from 13 to 16 and introduced a series of restrictions and regulations on sexual conduct. Richard Francis Burton's case against the moral universalism and sex between men are discussed. 'Cognitively mapping' sexuality politics, the book has traced connections between people, places and politics, exploring both their dangers and opportunities, which revolve in each case around embroilments in global power.
Censorship, Representation, Adaptation and the Persisting Myth of Pre-Code
This article deals with the issues of censorship, adaptation and representation at
stake in the 1931 and 1940 versions of Waterloo Bridge, both of which were based on a
1929 stage play. In doing so it examines the representation of female prostitution
and the extent to which the trope of the fallen woman is evoked. Contesting the
notion of Pre-Code films, it also examines the impact of the 1930 Production Code,
the modifications to its implementation in 1934, the ways in which censorable words
and actions were handled in the 1931 and 1940 versions, and the extent to which class
became a major factor.
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti
offered such ‘innovative solutions’ have often lived through
ongoing periods of prostitution, abuse, rape, kidnapping as well as forced
displacement and separation from their parents and country of origin, and the
RefuSHE initiative promises to offer them rehabilitation through training and
artisan work ( RefuSHE, 2020a ). The
artisanry logic of the RefuSHE initiative, unlike IKEA’s partnership with
the JRF, is coupled
The term la Parisienne denotes a figure of French modernity. There is significant scholarship on la Parisienne in the fields of art history, fashion theory and culture and cultural histories of Paris However, there is little written on the (re)appearance and function of the type in cinema. This book is intended as an introduction to la Parisienne and her iconography in cinema, and deals predominantly with visual and narrative conventions, derived primarily from nineteenth-century art, literature and visual culture. The iconography of la Parisienne can be categorised according to the following concepts: visibility and mobility; style and fashionability, including self-fashioning; artist and muse; cosmopolitanism; prostitution; danger; consumption; and transformation. The book argues that la Parisienne is a type which exists between art and life, and the figure that emerges from this blurring of art and life is la Parisienne as muse. It considers the cosmopolitanism of the Parisienne type, in the sense of 'anyone' and 'anywhere', and argues that la Parisienne was conceived as feminity as such. The book explores the relationship between la Parisienne, fashion and film, and looks at la Parisienne as femme fatale within the context of French film noir. It traces her development in nineteenth-century art and literature, and examines the way the Parisienne as courtesan is (re)presented in cinema. The book also investigates the contribution star personae of Brigitte Bardot, Charlotte Gainsbourg, Anna Karina, and Jeanne Moreau have made to the Parisienne type in cinema.
‘Dirty girls and bad houses’: prostitutes
and prostitutionProstitution, the exchange of sexual favours for monetary return, has
conventionally been identified as a female occupation.1 Women who
were engaged in prostitution were drawn from across class divides and
thus their experiences could be very different. Great Britain has never
made prostitution illegal, rather it is solicitation or brothel keeping –
matters of public order and decency – which are the criminal offences.
It is difficult to give a precise figure for the number of prostitutes in