The European Commission had become one of the more contentious actors during both Irish referenda on the Lisbon Treaty. This book discusses the role of the European Commission and institutions more generally, as well as the policy area of justice and home affairs. It argues that it is important to evaluate the role of EU institutions for the process of European integration. The book suggests a reconceptualisation of the framework of supranational policy entrepreneurs (SPEs), which is often referred to by the academic literature that discusses the role of agency in European integration. It focuses on the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ) at the policy and treaty levels; primarily on four grounds: academic literature, SPE behaviour, EU's policymaking, and the interplay between treaty negotiations and policy-making. To analyse the role of the European institutions, the book combines an analysis of the Lisbon Treaty in relation to the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice with an analysis of the policy-making in the same area. The public policy model by John Kingdon with constructivist international relations literature is also outlined. The external dimension of counter-terrorism in the EU; the role of the EU institutions in EU asylum and migration; and the role of he Common European Asylum System (CEAS) is discussed. The book also analyses the role of the EU institutions in the communitarisation of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, in the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, and thus subsequently in the Lisbon Treaty.
The promise and pitfalls of studying foreign policy as public
This chapter draws key lessons from this collective exercise. I discuss several benefits to the use of public policy approaches in FPA. I also assess some of the difficulties and challenges in doing so. To conclude this chapter, and this book, I offer avenues for future research, including further work on the application of publicpolicymodels to foreign policy, on a mirror-image exercise of applying foreign policy approaches to public policy, and on a mutually benefiting integration of the two subfields. This chapter builds directly on the insights of the previous
Freedom, Security and Justice. The chapter
outlines and synthesises the publicpolicymodel by John Kingdon with
constructivist international relations literature.
Chapter 2 analyses the institutional
and normative changes in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice up to
the Tampere Council Summit in 1999, which was the first European Council
to be entirely dedicated to this policy area. Firstly, an
the context of US politics. Given the federal and confederal elements
of EU politics, such a publicpolicymodel invariably comes very close
to the defining features of EU governance. In the foreword of the second
edition of his book, Thurber (Kingdon, 2003, p. vii) argues that Kingdon
provides an interactive model of identifiable forces that drive the
policy process and an outstanding tool