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Katharine Dommett

The relationship between citizens and parties is central to the health of party democracy. Parties need to gain public consent in order to have the authority to govern, and they need to be seen as legitimate in the eyes of those they represent. These dynamics mean that parties are often conscious of how they are perceived and are eager to respond to public views. In this chapter I review existing data on public attitudes towards parties to make the case for a more detailed analysis of how parties are viewed and what the public desire. Noting an

in The reimagined party
Danielle Beswick, Niheer Dasandi, David Hudson, and Jennifer vanHeerde-Hudson

It is widely recognised that public attitudes and perceptions can play an important role in shaping countries’ foreign policies (Holsti, 1992 ; Risse-Kappen, 1991 ), and UK–Africa relations are no exception. In this chapter, we consider the UK public’s perceptions of Africa and Africans, and how these have been informed by charity fundraising appeals. The British public has long been interested in Africa, and in particular British engagement in Africa. Prior ( 2007 : 1), for example, notes that ‘tales of Britons striding purposefully

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
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The military in British art, 1815-1914

In an age when engraving and photography were making artistic images available to a much wider public, artists were able to influence public attitudes more powerfully than ever before. This book examines works of art on military themes in relation to ruling-class ideologies about the army, war and the empire. The first part of the book is devoted to a chronological survey of battle painting, integrated with a study of contemporary military and political history. The chapters link the debate over the status and importance of battle painting to contemporary debates over the role of the army and its function at home and abroad. The second part discusses the intersection of ideologies about the army and military art, but is concerned with an examination of genre representations of soldiers. Another important theme which runs through the book is the relation of English to French military art. During the first eighty years of the period under review France was the cynosure of military artists, the school against which British critics measured their own, and the place from which innovations were imported and modified. In every generation after Waterloo battle painters visited France and often trained there. The book shows that military art, or the 'absence' of it, was one of the ways in which nationalist commentators articulated Britain's moral superiority. The final theme which underlies much of the book is the shifts which took place in the perception of heroes and hero-worship.

Bernadette C. Hayes and Ian McAllister

reconciliation should fail (Nagle and Clancy, 2010 ). This chapter focuses on the nature and extent of victimhood in Northern Ireland and public attitudes towards how to deal with the injustices inflicted on them in the past. The first section outlines the nature of the 1998 Belfast Agreement with reference to the rights of victims. The second and third sections, using a range of official government statistics

in Conflict to peace
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Is it time to change our approach to anti-stigma campaigns?
Vicky Long

’.3 This point is reinforced by the image on the cover of Hinshaw’s book: Removing the Stone of Folly, a fifteenth-­ century painting by Hieronymus Bosch used in this instance to represent trepanning and thus encapsulating Hinshaw’s assertion that people with mental disorders have been subjected to centuries of brutalisation. Such a perception simultaneously risks generating a sense of inevitability by implying that changing public attitudes is insurmountable, while implying that the solution is straightforward: effective education of the public so as to counter

in Destigmatising mental illness?
Debates and evidence
Hugh Atkinson

following eight themes: the state of formal politics, public attitudes to politics, broader forms of civic engagement, involvement in political campaigning and pressure groups, volunteering and the role of charities, community identity and a sense of place, civic engagement and young people and finally the emerging world of the internet/world wide web. What emerges is far less a crisis of political participation and civic engagement and more a colourful kaleidoscope of individual and collective community activity. The state of formal politics If we are looking to sustain

in Local democracy, civic engagement and community
Philip M. Taylor

of public attitudes and support were forthcoming, it would have to take the business of official propaganda and censorship seriously. It took another half century for this to filter through properly, but the Crimea was a true watershed. Official recognition – perhaps over-estimation – of the power of the independent press was evident in the Indian Mutiny of 1857 when the authorities closed down the five principal Indian newspapers. The new breed of war correspondents to which Russell had given birth flocked to the sub-continent to report the massacres conducted by

in Munitions of the Mind
Bronagh Hinds

from women who have internalised as the norm practices that protect the dominant male group. The chapter draws upon survey research to show changes in public attitudes and discusses outreach programmes that support women who wish to become involved. It traces the post-Good Friday Agreement (GFA) journey for women through the political institutions and demonstrates that while some progress has

in Everyday life after the Irish conflict
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Bernadette C. Hayes and Ian McAllister

outlines government policy in relation to community relations in Northern Ireland, with particular emphasis on the obligations of public bodies as specified in the 1998 Agreement. The second and third sections focus on the nature and extent of communal division as well as public attitudes towards greater integration. The fourth focuses on perceptions of community relations both now and in the future, while the final

in Conflict to peace
Kirsten Forkert, Federico Oliveri, Gargi Bhattacharyya, and Janna Graham

ways such campaigns relate to liberal humanitarian politics or radical Left traditions (for example No Borders campaigns). The anti-immigration sentiment in Italy seemed to also be much stronger – and this needs to be understood in relation to the public attitudes which ultimately brought the anti-immigrant right coalition government to power. Disturbingly, the attitudes held by the anti-immigrant groups seem to now be accepted as common sense across the political spectrum. Hopefully, we have offered some insights about how such views take on credibility. Notes 1

in How media and conflicts make migrants