Museums are places characterised by collecting objects, displaying them for
public education and also subjecting their collections to research. Yet
knowledge can not only be created by using the collection for research. The
history of a collection can also be reconstructed, albeit mostly in a
fragmentary way. This is important when there is evidence that the collection
was acquired in a colonial context, when the collection contains human remains
and more so if these were taken from Indigenous peoples. Reconstructing the
history of a collection can assist source communities in strengthening their
identities and help to regain lost knowledge about their ancestors. This study
analyses the provenance of fourteen crania and calvaria of the Selk’nam
people from Tierra del Fuego, stored at the Department of Anthropology, Natural
History Museum Vienna. Additionally, the significance of these results and their
meaning for today’s Selk’nam community Covadonga Ona will be
contextualised within the framework of colonial history and museum systems.
additional public support. Third world advocates, in Canada as elsewhere, had been convinced since the mid twentieth century that remedies to global inequalities started with the support of citizens at home ( Ermisch, 2015 ). Many NGOs and international government agencies of the late mid-twentieth century had embarked on campaigns of information aimed at sustaining public opinion in favor of long term work, between upsurges of popular support of relief during situations of war and natural emergency. Such work with the public, education included, enhanced the humanitarian
The substantive and methodological contributions of professional historians to development policy debates was marginal, whether because of the dominance of economists or the inability of historians to contribute. There are broadly three ways in which history matters for development policy. These include insistence on the methodological principles of respect for context, process and difference; history is a resource of critical and reflective self-awareness about the nature of the discipline of development itself; and history brings a particular kind of perspective to development problems . After establishing the key issues, this book explores the broad theme of the institutional origins of economic development, focusing on the cases of nineteenth-century India and Africa. It demonstrates that scholarship on the origins of industrialisation in England in the late eighteenth century suggests a gestation reaching back to a period during which a series of social institutional innovations were pioneered and extended to most citizens of England. The book examines a paradox in China where an emphasis on human welfare characterized the rule of the eighteenth-century Qing dynasty, and has been demonstrated in modern-day China's emphasis on health and education. It provides a discussion on the history of the relationship between ideology and policy in public health, sanitation in India's modern history and the poor health of Native Americans. The book unpacks the origins of public education, with a focus on the emergency of mass literacy in Victorian England and excavates the processes by which colonial education was indigenized throughout South-East Asia.
Challenging the assumption that the stigma attached to mental illness stems from public ignorance and irresponsible media coverage, this book examines mental healthcare workers’ efforts to educate the public in Britain between 1870 and 1970. It covers a period which saw the polarisation of madness and sanity give way to a belief that mental health and illness formed a continuum, and in which segregative care within the asylum began to be displaced by the policy of community care. The book argues that the representations of mental illness conveyed by psychiatrists, nurses and social workers were by-products of professional aspirations, economic motivations and perceptions of the public, sensitive to shifting social and political currents. Sharing the stigma of their patients, many healthcare workers sought to enhance the prestige of psychiatry by emphasising its ability to cure acute and minor mental disorder. However, this strategy exacerbated the stigma attached to severe and enduring mental health problems. Indeed, healthcare workers occasionally fuelled the stereotype of the violent, chronically-ill male patient in an attempt to protect their own interests. Drawing on service users’ observations, the book contends that current campaigns, which conflate diverse experiences under the label mental illness, risk trivialising the difficulties facing people who live with severe and enduring mental disturbance, and fail to address the political, economic and social factors which fuel discrimination.
, the republican constitution will foster virtue by providing avenues for citizens to participate in public affairs, as well as establishing
integrative institutions aimed at socialising republican citizens – for example,
publiceducation or historically, military service. For republicans, then, the constitutional system is inextricably linked with the dispositions and virtues of citizens: indeed, a republic remaining indifferent to the mores and dispositions of its
citizens risks instability and decline.
Yet the commitment to civic virtue presents an important
the Cult of the
Supreme Being, followed by the response to the idea of the Fête itself.
This is clearly demonstrated in the documents received by both the
Convention and the Committee of PublicEducation, directly in response
to the copies of Robespierre’s speech. There were two further phases,
firstly communications relating to the manner in which the various cities
and communes intended to organise the celebrations of 20 Prairial, followed by the documents received by the Convention and the Committee
after the celebrations, describing local and regional reaction
The growth and measurement of British public education since the early nineteenth century
Bayly 07_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:30 Page 177
The end of literacy: the growth and
measurement of British publiceducation
since the early nineteenth century
In his annual report for June 1839, Thomas Lister, Registrar-General of England
and Wales, published the first attempt of a modern state to estimate the cultural
capital of an entire nation. Alongside the tables of births, deaths and marriages he
included a new measure of the country’s health:
Almost every marriage is duly registered, and every register of marriage is signed
by the parties
Ireland’s constitutional politics of school choice
Tolerance, recognition and educational
patronage: Ireland’s constitutional politics
of school choice
This chapter examines the place and role of toleration and recognition
in the Irish education system through a critical review of state support
for religious schools, specifically of the historical legacy of the patronage
In Irish political discourse there has been a general acceptance that
religious freedom is best served by devolving publiceducation to private
‘patron’ bodies. While in the past the ‘patronage’ model may have been
quality, waste management, zero-energy building, energy conservation including
insulation and reduction of air conditioning, use of renewable energy and developing sustainable, people-friendly public transportation). Here the focus is on the
greening of daily life, and on universalising and popularising ‘green economics’.
Enhancing community awareness about green issues through publiceducation
for the greening of values, expectations and behaviour is a dimension of lifelong
learning and active citizenship. Arguably, within the debate on lifelong learning
Recent cultural studies have demonstrated the weakness of some of the fashionable theoretical positions adopted by scholars of imperialism in recent times. This book explores the diverse roles played by museums and their curators in moulding and representing the British imperial experience. The British Empire yielded much material for British museums, particularly in terms of ethnographic collections. The collection of essays demonstrates how individuals, their curatorial practices, and intellectual and political agendas influenced the development of a variety of museums across the globe. It suggests that Thomas Baines was deeply engaged with the public presentation, display and interpretation of material culture, and the dissemination of knowledge and information about the places he travelled. He introduced many people to the world beyond Norfolk. A discussion of visitor engagement with non-European material cultures in the provincial museum critiques the assumption of the pervasive nature of curatorial control of audience reception follows. The early 1900s, the New Zealand displays at world's fairs presented a vision of Maoriland, which often had direct Maori input. From its inception, the National Museum of Victoria performed the dual roles of research and public education. The book also discusses the collections at Australian War Memorial, Zanzibar Museum, and Sierra Leone's National Museum. The amateur enthusiasms and colonial museum policy in British West Africa are also highlighted. Finally, the book follows the journey of a single object, Tipu's Tiger, from India back to London.