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Caitriona Clear

4883 Social Change PT bjl.qxd 13/6/07 11:07 Page 90 6 Public health On 27 February 1873, William Corcoran, a baker in Tuam, Co. Galway, summoned the doctor to look at his 22–year-old assistant William Burke. The doctor took one look, diagnosed smallpox and ordered young William to the local workhouse hospital. Instead, however, Corcoran brought him to the railway station and settled him on the train home to Athenry. By the time William Burke died, some days later, a full-scale public health alert was in place. Kineen’s hotel in Athenry was closed by public

in Social change and everyday life in Ireland 1850–1922
Peter Triantafillou and Naja Vucina

33 2 Governing public health in England and Denmark The aim of this chapter is to provide a solid understanding of the historical and political contexts of the obesity and recovery-​orientated interventions analysed in the proceeding chapter. The wider purpose of this historical and political contextualization is to get a better insight into the ways in which health promotion is unfolding in England and Denmark. This implies grasping both the essential differences and the many similarities. Accordingly, this chapter looks at both the similarities and the main

in The politics of health promotion
Thomas D’haeninck, Jan Vandersmissen, Gita Deneckere, and Christophe Verbruggen

Eijkman connect to the leitmotivs of this chapter. We argue that the emergence of public healthcare in Belgium cannot be seen apart from cross-border exchanges, scientific innovations, social reform ambitions but also inter- and intra-imperial dynamics. Although Belgian history of medicine and public health is clearly intertwined with dynamics that go beyond the borders of states

in Medical histories of Belgium

Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city examines how urban health and wellbeing are shaped by migration, mobility, racism, sanitation and gender. Adopting a global focus, spanning Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America, the essays in this volume bring together a wide selection of voices that explore the interface between social, medical and natural sciences. This interdisciplinary approach, moving beyond traditional approaches to urban research, offers a unique perspective on today’s cities and the challenges they face. Edited by Professor Michael Keith and Dr Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos, this volume also features contributions from leading thinkers on cities in Brazil, China, South Africa and the United Kingdom. This geographic diversity is matched by the breadth of their different fields, from mental health and gendered violence to sanitation and food systems. Together, they present a complex yet connected vision of a ‘new biopolitics’ in today’s metropolis, one that requires an innovative approach to urban scholarship regardless of geography or discipline. This volume, featuring chapters from a number of renowned authors including the former deputy mayor of Rio de Janeiro Luiz Eduardo Soares, is an important resource for anyone seeking to better understand the dynamics of urban change. With its focus on the everyday realities of urban living, from health services to public transport, it contains valuable lessons for academics, policy makers and practitioners alike.

Maryinez Lyons

Colonial powers commonly regarded their medical and public health programmes as a form of compensation for the hardships caused by their colonisation of African peoples. 1 By the early 1940s the Belgians were proud of their colonial medical services in the Congo which they considered to be an outstanding feature of their ‘civilising mission’. The history of medical services in the

in Imperial medicine and indigenous societies
Joanne Wilson and Lindsay Prior

8 Joanne Wilson and Lindsay Prior Neoliberal governmentality and public health policy in Ireland Introduction Since 1994 the Irish government has developed policies that set out its vision, priorities and direction for improving and sustaining the health of its people. This chapter critically appraises how these strategies have been configured to structure responsibility for health. Informed by the work of Rose and colleagues (Rose, 1999, 2000; Rose and Miller, 2010; Rose, O’Malley and Valverde, 2006), our analysis exposes a number of key characteristics of

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
Peter Triantafillou and Naja Vucina

13 1 Critical studies of the politics of public health promotion Over the years, public health promotion has received critical attention from a wide range of academic scholars and disciplinary approaches. Much of the critique has evolved within the medical community, in which debates have taken place over the lacking (evidence of the) efficacy of specific clinical interventions and procedures (Minkler, 1999; Jackson, Waters, and Taskforce, 2005; Brownson, Baker, Leet, Gillespie, and True, 2011), and not least the tendency of medical interventions to focus

in The politics of health promotion
John Field

3 Labour colonies and public health As well as the unemployed, labour colonies were also directed towards those who could not work for other reasons. Large numbers of people with physical or mental disabilities or impairments found themselves in workhouses, often classed together – idiots, the feeble-minded, cripples, inebriates, or simply old1 – as incapable of earning a living in the open labour market. Increasingly, though, the workhouse was viewed as entirely inappropriate for these groups, whose vulnerability was seen as a legitimate basis for intervention

in Working men’s bodies
Mathilde Hackmann

7 The cholera epidemic of 1892 and its impact on modernising public health and nursing in Hamburg Mathilde Hackmann Introduction ‘We are glad to send nurses to Hamburg, to help colleagues on the intensive care units caring for seriously ill patients’:  This statement was given by nurse director Edgar Reisch from the university hospital in Heidelberg on 8 June 2011 after the nurse director of the university hospital in Hamburg had asked for help.1 In May 2011 northern Germany experienced an enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) epidemic. Approximately ninety

in Histories of nursing practice
Carole Rawcliffe

Many current assumptions about health provision in medieval English cities derive not from the surviving archival or archaeological evidence but from the pronouncements of Victorian sanitary reformers whose belief in scientific progress made them dismissive of earlier attempts to ameliorate the quality of urban life. Our own tendency to judge historical responses to disease by the exacting standards of modern biomedicine reflects the same anachronistic attitude, while a widespread conviction that England lagged centuries behind Italy in matters of health and hygiene seems to reinforce presumptions of ‘backwardness’ and ‘ignorance’. By contrast, this paper argues that a systematic exploration of primary source material reveals a very different approach to collective health, marked by direct intervention on the part of the crown and central government and the active involvement of urban communities, especially after the Black Death of 1348-49. A plethora of regulations for the elimination of recognized hazards was then accompanied by major schemes for environmental improvement, such as the introduction of piped water systems and arrangements for refuse collection.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library