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Helen Boak

sporting activities, while the increase in glass-fronted department stores encouraged window shopping even at night. 1 However, Katharina von Ankum notes the continuation of male prejudices about single women appearing alone in a public space, and Swett has alluded to working-class women’s fear of being accosted even in the communal areas of their tenement buildings. 2 The public realm remained one in which single women did not linger, but in which women could now move more freely with friends, both male and female. As Stefan Zweig noted, ‘in no other area of public

in Women in the Weimar Republic
Author: Helen Boak

The Weimar Republic, with it fourteen years of turbulent political, economic, social and cultural change, has attracted significant attention from historians primarily because they are seeking to explain the Nazis' accession to power in 1933. This book explores the opportunities and possibilities that the Weimar Republic offered women and presents a comprehensive survey of women in the economy, politics and society of the Weimar Republic. The Republic was a post-war society, and hence, the book offers an understanding of the significant impact that the First World War had on women and their roles in the Weimar Republic. The book also explores to what extent the Weimar Republic was 'an open space of multiple developmental opportunities' for women and considers the changes in women's roles, status and behavior during the Republic. It discusses women's participation in Weimar politics, as voters, elected representatives, members of political parties and targets of their propaganda, and as political activists outside the parliamentary arena. The book investigates the impact, if any, on women's employment of the two major economic crises of the Republic, the hyperinflation of 1922-23 and the Depression in the early 1930s. It describes the woman's role within the family, primarily as wife and mother, the impact of the changes in family and population policy and attitudes towards female sexuality. The Weimar Republic also witnessed significant changes in women's lives outside the home as they accessed the public realm to pursue a variety of interests.

Abstract only
Daniel Conway

also a politics of gender. This book is premised on the contention that militarisation is a gendered and gendering set of social processes and that this rests on and creates assumptions of what it is to be a good, patriotic man and a good, patriotic woman. As such, cultures of masculinity and femininity become militarised, and objectors and peace activists must expose and deconstruct these assumptions or they will be castigated as ‘bad’ men and women. Both conscription and objection to military service are therefore performances in the public realm and performances

in Masculinities, militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign
Daniel Conway

political performances in the public realm that are constitutive of personal and political identity. Indeed, both military conscription and conscientious objection to it can be considered Conway.indd 17 19/01/2012 12:17:48 18 Masculinities, militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign as ‘acts of citizenship’ (Isin and Nielsen, 2008). These acts are ‘performative’ (Butler, 1999), albeit performances that are historically, institutionally and contextually contingent. This chapter analyses the state in terms of the individual’s relationship to and with it

in Masculinities, militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign
Abstract only
Rachel Willie

space is fictional, and, rather than legitimating demands, presents an image of culture and ­counter-culture. In so doing, writers construct enduring images of royalists and parliamentarians. These made-up publics emphasise the importance of storytelling and narrative when projecting ideas into the public sphere. Storytelling is important to Hannah Arendt’s theories of public-making and this is partly due to her notions of plurality. Arendt argues that the public realm is always political. Action within this politicised realm is important to her notions of identity

in Staging the revolution
Michael Taft

programmes, but they unashamedly posited the role of the public realm in market production. But then came the multi-nationals. Foreign investment was actively sought by Irish government since the 1950s, primarily through tax incentives. This drive gathered momentum with the Programme for Economic Expansion, the Anglo-Irish Free Trade Agreement and, ultimately, the entry into the European Economic Community in 1974. However, these initiatives, assisted by a more active Industrial Development Authority, stalled in the 1970s with the first oil crisis and the inability to

in Ireland under austerity
The Heart of It, the miners’ strike plays, Looking at the Sun, Shooting Stars, Born Kicking, Elvis Over England
David Forrest and Sue Vice

drama Looking at the Sun (1992), and novel The Heart of It (1994), as the two instances of Hines’s writing on the strike which did appear in the public realm, portray the events from a profoundly retrospective standpoint. Those elements of Hines’s earlier work, including his exploration of the role of a young man whose abilities are never officially acknowledged, appear in the context of post-­industrial British life in Hines’s television drama Shooting Stars (1990), while his last novel, Elvis Over England (1998), marks the efforts of its protagonist Eddie to escape

in Barry Hines
(Auto)biography in Sandra Kogut’s Um Passaporte Húngaro (2001) and Albertina Carri’s Los rubios (2003)
Charlotte Gleghorn

, inheritance and property. This discussion of genealogy finds a renewed relevance to contemporary developments in subjective and autobiographical filmmaking, particularly concerning those films which excavate family history at the intersection of private and public realms. As the films that I discuss amply demonstrate, family history need not be a linear, essentialising gesture in search of a pure origin

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers
John Anderson

within families and communities, the immediate practical consequence of conversion often serves to provide a new sense of identity for women and to limit the excesses of machismo . The third section focuses more on Pentecostal engagements with the public realm and the extent to which these can be said to be promoting or hindering democratic development. On the one hand the very style of Pentecostalism is participatory - it offers believers the possibility of involvement and may promote organisational and leadership skills - but in many contexts it is also very leader

in Christianity and democratisation
Carrie Hamilton

private and public realms during the Franco dictatorship. Moreover, while mothers played an important role in the history of Basque nationalism under Franco, the privilege accorded motherhood in many histories of the movements has tended to obscure the roles of both fathers and unmarried and/or childless women. This means that the process of the development of Basque nationalism under Franco must be reconsidered. The gender politics of early Basque nationalism The language of gender in Basque nationalism during the first third of the twentieth century, with its emphasis

in Women and ETA