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Perceptions, experiences, and consequences

This book explores citizens’ perceptions and experiences of security threats in contemporary Britain, drawing on perspectives from International Security Studies and Political Psychology. The empirical chapters are based on twenty focus groups across six British cities and a large sample survey conducted between April and September 2012. These data are used to investigate the extent to which diverse publics share government framings of certain issues as the most pressing security threats, to assess the origins of perceptions of specific security threats ranging from terrorism to environmental degradation, to investigate what makes some people feel more threatened by these issues than others, to examine the effects of threats on other areas of politics such as harbouring stereotypes of minorities or prioritising public spending on border control over health, and to evaluate the effectiveness of government messages about security threats and attempts to change citizens’ behaviour as part of the risk management cycle. The book demonstrates widespread heterogeneity in perceptions of issues as security threats and in their origins, with implications for the extent to which shared understandings of threats are an attainable goal. The concluding chapter summarises the findings and discusses their implications for government and public opinion in the future. While this study focuses on the British case, its combination of quantitative and qualitative methods seeks to make broader theoretical and methodological contributions to scholarship produced in Political Science, International Relations, Political Psychology, and Security Studies.

Open Access (free)

This edited collection, Affective intimacies, provides a novel platform for re-evaluating the notion of open-ended intimacies through the lens of affect theories. Thus, this collection is not about affect and intimacy, but affective intimacies. Instead of foregrounding certain predefined categories of affects or intimacies, the book focuses on processes, entanglements and encounters between humans as well as between human and non-human bodies that provide key signposts for grasping of affective intimacies. Throughout, Affective intimacies addresses the embodied, affective and psychic aspects of intimate entanglements across various timely phenomena. Rather than assuming that we could parse affective intimacies in a pre-defined way, the collection asks how the study of affect enables us to rethink intimacies, what affect theories can do to the prevailing notion of intimacy and how they renew and enrich theories of intimacy. Affective intimacies brings together a selection of original chapters which invite readers to follow and reconsider affective intimacies as they unfold in the happenings of everyday lives and in their mobile, affective and more-than-human intricate predicaments. In this manner, the edited collection makes a valuable contribution to the social sciences and humanities which have yet to recognise and utilise the potential to imagine affective intimacies in alternative ways, without starting from the already familiar terrains, theories and conceptualisations. By so doing, it advances the value of interdisciplinary perspectives and creative methodologies in thinking in terms of affective intimacies.

Open Access (free)
Situating peripheries research in South Africa and Ethiopia
Paula Meth
,
Alison Todes
,
Sarah Charlton
,
Tatenda Mukwedeya
,
Jennifer Houghton
,
Tom Goodfellow
,
Metadel Sileshi Belihu
,
Zhengli Huang
,
Divine Mawuli Asafo
,
Sibongile Buthelezi
, and
Fikile Masikane

housing, formal middle-class housing and state-subsidised housing for the urban poor. The project used diverse methods and activities in order to gather data. It has primarily adopted a mixed qualitative methods approach, underpinned by ideas of comparative urbanism on the one hand and a commitment to seeing the peripheries from the ‘everyday’ perspectives of those who live within them, on the other. The research activities encompassed solicited diaries, auto-photography and interviews with residents in case study sites, accompanied by surveys of a

in African cities and collaborative futures
Nicole Vitellone

‘Rubber Wars’ in Chapter 1 concerns the production of safer sex stories. In particular, I seek to highlight how qualitative methods constitute adolescence as an unfinished, yet to be complete (hetero)sexual identity, one that is narrativised via the condom. Researching sex from the 1960s The sociologist Julia Ericksen has documented the manner in which social scientists in the US in the mid-twentieth century employed scientific methods, especially statistical methods, during times of sexual crisis in order to gather information for the Condoms and sex research 37

in Object matters
A methodological overview
Matt Qvortrup

This chapter develops an account of what is required for the study of political phenomena. Using a largely qualitative method, drawing on writers like C. Wright Mills, Richard Fenno, Clifford Geertz and Hannah Arendt, it argues that political participation cannot be understood from an objective perspective only, and that one needs to study the phenomenon from the inside. An understanding of citizen politics requires that we adopt the perspective of the citizens in question and take seriously their grievances and concerns. It aims to combine the various perspectives of what has been called the ‘sociological imagination’.

in The politics of participation
Radical right impact on parties, policies, and polities in Eastern Europe

Depleting Democracies aims at assessing the extent to which radical right parties across the new democracies in post-communist Eastern Europe can negatively affect the quality οf democracy in this region. To this end, the book concentrates on institutional and party-politics, e.g. cordon sanitaire arrangements, as well as identity politics with a particular focus on the policy positions and active policy-making of radical right as well as mainstream parties on issues pertaining to ethnic minorities and refugees. The study compares three country groups, which are distinct in terms of the radical right’s relevance (Bulgaria and Slovakia; Hungary, Poland, and Romania; and the Czech Republic and Estonia) and covers the period from 2000 until 2016. In its research design, the study pursues a mix of quantitative and qualitative methods, including expert surveys and analysis of archival material. The book shows significant – and mostly irreversible – effects across the entire region: when mainstream parties engaged positively with radical right parties (collaboration and/or co-optation), they shifted rightward in their sociocultural and minority-related positions. Moreover, the mainstream’s positive engagement with the radical right often resulted in rightward shifts in the selected policy areas. Such developments are indicative signs of what can be called “depletion of democracy” – i.e., the process of weakening and undermining key values of the liberal democratic order (equality and inclusiveness). Altogether, the study furthers both theory development on and comparative analyses of radical right actors in political processes, and its results are particularly relevant to the debate on democratic quality in liberal democracies.

Author:

With race as a central theme, this book presents racial stratification as the underlying system which accounts for the difference in outcomes of Whites and Blacks in the labour market. Critical race theory (CRT) is employed to discuss the operation, research, maintenance and impact of racial stratification. The power of this book is the innovative use of a stratification framework to expose the pervasiveness of racial inequality in the labour market. It teaches readers how to use CRT to investigate the racial hierarchy and it provides a replicable framework to identify the racial order based on insight from the Irish case. There is a four-stage framework in the book which helps readers understand how migrants navigate the labour market from the point of migration to labour participation. The book also highlights minority agency and how migrants respond to their marginality. The examples of how social acceptance can be applied in managing difference in the workplace are an added bonus for those interested in diversity and inclusion. This book is the first of its kind in Ireland and across Europe to present inequality, racism and discrimination in the labour market from a racial stratification perspective. While this book is based on Irish data, the CRT theoretical approach, as well as its insight into migrant perspectives, poses a strong appeal to scholars of sociology, social justice, politics, intercultural communication and economics with interest in race and ethnicity, critical whiteness and migration. It is a timely contribution to CRT which offers scholars a method to conduct empirical study of racial stratification across different countries bypassing the over-reliance on secondary data. It will also appeal to countries and scholars examining causal racism and how it shapes racial inequality.

Martyn Hammersley

association with Spector 120 Ethnomethodology and qualitative methods This radical critique of the use of official statistics came to be widely regarded as undercutting conventional forms of sociological research that rely upon this type of data (see Douglas 1967). Moreover, while Method and Measurement broadened the criticism to include all other sources of data, as I noted earlier its main message was usually taken to be a challenge to the forms of quantitative research that were dominant at the time. This reading was no doubt encouraged by the term ‘measurement’ in the

in The radicalism of ethnomethodology

Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Abstract only
Matt Qvortrup

activity defies traditional boundaries. Sometimes political activists use arguments, at other times they vote – and occasionally they resort to violence; in other words: talking, voting and fighting. To understand political action we are required to have an open mind and to be open to different methods. In chapter 1 an account is developed of what is required for the study of political phenomena. Using a largely qualitative method, drawing on writers like C. Wright Mills, Richard Fenno, Clifford Geertz and above all Hannah Arendt, it is argued that political

in The politics of participation