A Research Handbook for Patient and Public Involvement Researchers Chapter 7: Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods Helen Brooks, Penny Bee and Anne Rogers Chapter overview The term ‘qualitative research’ encompasses a wide range of different methods. What underpins these is a shared aim of understanding the meaning people attribute to experiences in their lives. It has been defined as an ‘interpretive approach concerned with understanding the meanings which people attach to actions, decisions, beliefs, values within their social world’ (Ritchie and
5 The influence of ethnomethodology on qualitative research methods As I indicated in earlier chapters, ethnomethodology arose, in large part, from Garfinkel’s concern with some fundamental methodological problems facing social science. It should not be surprising, then, that one of the fields where his work has had the greatest impact has been that of research methodology. Yet, Garfinkel himself has written very little that could be classified as falling under this heading. In the 1960s and 1970s, many sociologists – and researchers in other areas – had their
Inside the English education lab shows how critical qualitative methodologies work to illuminate and interrogate the everyday life of England’s privatised educational landscape. England has garnered a global reputation as a key proponent of education policy reforms defined by high-stakes accountability, claims of greater school autonomy and a centralised governance structure. Qualitative and ethnographic methods with their focus on practices unfolding over time and across particular situated spaces considers academisation in ways that depart from benchmarks and Ofsted ratings. The collection counters academisation’s contradictory assertion that quantitative data is the singular measure of value. The book makes a pivotal contribution to gauging some of the social and cultural effects of academisation through its reflexive focus on the practical ambiguities and incongruities that result as policy translates into practice. It explores how academisation (re)positions policies and publics through new modes of governance, it examines strategies employed by students and teachers in situ, and interrogates how institutions are being produced through space, discourse and practice. This is the first book to bring together innovative new qualitative research on academies and free schools by early career academics. The research traverses numerous geographical and social contexts within England. It provides a valuable viewpoint that reaches beyond policy claims and rhetoric by focusing on the everyday and often ambiguous practices operating within England’s rapidly academising education system.
Baily , A. ( 2019 ), The Art of Peace: The Value of Culture in Post-Conflict Recovery (The British Council) . Nunn , C. ( 2020 ), ‘ The Participatory Arts-Based Research Project as an Exceptional Sphere of Belonging ’, Qualitative Research , 22 : 2 , 251 – 68 , doi: 10
Migration Review online , 58 , 39 – 42 , https://www.peiglobal.org/sites/pei/themes/pei/kc_files/Ayoubi%20and%20Saavedra%202018.pdf (accessed 15 April 2022 ). Boeije , H. ( 2010 ), Analysis in Qualitative Research ( London : Sage
analyses a project in a protracted emergency context of northeast Nigeria to assess if gender transformative outcomes might be occurring. Notably, this is a volatile humanitarian context, despite being protracted, wherein new, large displacements were occurring throughout the time period, including during the project implementation cycle. Using a qualitative research approach, this study sought to examine if such outcomes were emerging, despite the challenging context of not only a conflict but also a global pandemic. We find indications of changes to decision
postings of journalists, activists, analysts and armed groups on the internet. I also carried out qualitative research through interviews with different protagonists: in the north-west, with members of the Union of Medical Care and Relief Organizations (UOSSM) 2 – including one of the founders – and with MSF’s Head of Emergencies in Paris when the first relief operations were put in place in 2011 and 2012, as well as with the different MSF coordinators in charge
This book explores how social media are used by citizens to frame contentious parades and protests in ‘post-conflict’ Northern Ireland. It provides the first in-depth analysis of how Facebook, Twitter and YouTube were used by citizens to contest the 2013 union flag protests and the Ardoyne parade dispute (2014 and 2015). An essential read for researchers interested in digital mis- and disinformation, it will examine how citizens engaged with false information circulating on these platforms that had the potential to inflame sectarian tensions during these contentious episodes. It also considers the implications of this online activity for efforts to build peace in deeply divided societies such as Northern Ireland.
The book uses a qualitative thematic approach to analyse Facebook, Twitter and YouTube content generated during the flag protests and Ardoyne parade dispute between 2012 and 2016. It also draws on semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders including bloggers, political commentators and communication officers from the main political parties, as well as the results of a qualitative content analysis of newspaper coverage of these contentious public demonstrations.
. Although the rise of cultural-studies-influenced audience research connected strongly with a critique of experimental research procedures, based on near-linear models of communication, from the early days some researchers expressed concern that this had resulted in a wholesale rejection of quantitative methods (see, for instance, Lewis, 1997 ). Small-scale qualitative studies might be interesting and insightful, but there were real problems with generalisation. Plus, as Deacon et al . ( 2007 ) pointed out, acerbically, qualitative researchers were prone to making weak
and the secular in this movement, in the context of a critique, broadly shared within the movement, of mainstream Western religion as hierarchical and ecologically malign. Thirdly, drawing on detailed qualitative research regarding environmental direct activists in the 1990s,1 we argue that, despite these struggles over religion, activists routinely draw on cultural resources in order to give meaning to their values, identities and actions in forms that are – sometimes implicitly, sometimes explicitly – religious in nature. We explore the uses of this ‘de