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Megan Daigle
Sarah Martin
, and
Henri Myrttinen

). Ahmed , S. ( 2012 ), ‘ Whiteness and the General Will: Diversity Work as Willful Work ’, philoSOPHIA , 2 : 1 , 1 – 20 . Anievas , A. , Manchanda , N. and Shilliam , R. (eds) ( 2015 ), Race and Racism in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Following a migration category

What does expatriate mean? Who gets described as an expatriate rather than a migrant? And why do such distinctions matter? Following the expatriate explores these questions by tracing the postcolonial genealogy of the category expatriate from mid-twentieth-century decolonisation to current debates about migration, and examining the current stakes of debates about expatriates. As the book shows, the question of who is an expatriate was as hotly debated in 1961 as it is today. Back then, as now, it was entangled in the racialised, classed and gendered politics of migration and mobility. Combining ethnographic and historical research, the book discusses uses of the expatriate across academic literature, corporate management and international development practice, personal memory projects, and urban diaspora spaces in The Hague and Nairobi. It tells situated stories about the category’s making and remaking, its contestation and the lived experience of those labelled expatriate. By attending to racialised, gendered and classed struggles over who is an expatriate, the book shows that migration categories are at the heart of how intersecting material and symbolic social inequalities are enacted today. Any project for social justice thus needs to dissect and dismantle categories like the expatriate, and the book offers innovative analytical and methodological strategies to advance this project.

Between race and the absence of racism
Ana Rita Alves

Disciplines have myths of origin, canonical accounts that, far from innocuous, form and mould how bodies of knowledge exist, operate and reproduce themselves today. Their (hi)stories should not be taken as given, but one should rather ask which voices are being privileged and which ones are rendered non-relevant, since past silences echo in present times and in present tensions. By examining the racial contours of urban policies in the Portuguese context, it was made evident to me how debates on race and racism were absent from academic

in European cities
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Islamophobia and the struggle against white supremacy
Omar Khan

of the world. This bolsters the work of white nationalist activists, who regularly argue that their political vision merely recognizes this reality. But reflecting on the case of Islamophobia and its critics reveals a wider concern: poor public literacy on race and racism. Focusing on individual intent rather than structural inequalities and outcomes is not just a problem when it comes to anti-Muslim racism. During the Windrush injustice, when Caribbean people who had lived in Britain for decades were detained, deported, and denied public services, the official

in Global white nationalism
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Bryan Fanning

the west, and western colonies in Africa and Asia. Dominant constructions of Irishness also placed indigenous minorities outside the nation. A history of Irish racisms has been revealed as monocultural presumptions about the nature of Irishness have been eroded. Race and racism The term ‘racism’ describes negative attitudes and practices towards persons because of their membership of groups perceived to differ in physical or cultural characteristics from the perceiver. The starting points for such claims are beliefs that different races exist and that membership of

in Racism and social change in the Republic of Ireland
Meanings of development and the ordering of (im)mobility
Luke de Noronha

move unchained. These historical resonances and continuities are important. However, to talk about contemporary relations of mobility in terms of ‘sufferation’ and the afterlives of slavery should not imply that nothing has changed.101 Of course it has. If race and mobility are mutually constitutive, then as relations of mobility 233 DBB.indb 233 17/07/2020 14:07:15 Deporting Black Britons change, so do racialised social relations. Throughout Deporting Black Britons, I have suggested that race and racism are historic­ ally specific, and thus I have been concerned

in Deporting Black Britons
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Chris Gilligan

that framed many academic analyses of Northern Ireland. In the second chapter, we examined different ideas about ‘raceand racism and sectarianism. We noted that the attempt to conceptually distinguish between racism and sectarianism, which had some purchase prior to significant immigration to Northern Ireland from Eastern Europe, was not very effective in practice afterwards. In the third chapter, we examined the close relationship between academic theory and policy practice in the realm of Race Relations. In Chapter 5, we introduced the Hegelian-inspired approach

in Northern Ireland and the crisis of anti-racism
Chris Gilligan

argue that the concept of ‘racialisation’ is an advance on the concept of ‘race relations’ because it draws attention to the processes through which ‘race’ is made to appear real and avoids the problem of reifying ‘race’. In the third section we draw attention to the limitations of the social constructionist conception of ‘raceand racism and argue that its one-sided emphasis on human subjectivity ignores the objective conditions, inherent in capitalism as a social system, that give rise to the idea of ‘race’ and practices of racisms. In the final section we sketch

in Northern Ireland and the crisis of anti-racism
Open Access (free)
Transgressing the cordon sanitaire: understanding the English Defence League as a social movement
Hilary Pilkington

introductory chapter sets out an approach to understanding activism in the English Defence League (EDL) from within social movement studies. It places the EDL alongside populist radical right rather than classic ‘far right’ movements on the political spectrum and outlines a provisional rationale for characterising it as an anti-Islamist movement. Prefacing the theoretical discussion in subsequent chapters of the book, it contextualises claims by the EDL that the organisation is ‘not racist’ but ‘against militant Islam’ within contemporary theories of ‘raceand racism and in

in Loud and proud
Aspirations to non-racism
Hilary Pilkington

’, while Garland and Treadwell (2010: 30) argue that claims to non-racist ideology by the organisation constitute a veneer of respectability only thinly covering more commonplace racism and Islamophobia among the EDL’s ‘rank and file’. The research conducted for this book – whose ethnographic approach allows declarative statements to be evaluated alongside observed behaviour – suggests a more diverse and complex set of understandings of ‘raceand racism among grassroots activists in the movement. This chapter starts with a brief discussion of core debates over the

in Loud and proud