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Cora Kaplan

The distinguished critic Professor Cheryl A. Wall (1948–2020) was the Board of Governors Zora Neale Hurston Professor of English at Rutgers University, New Brunswick. Her path-breaking scholarship in two highly influential monographs, Women of the Harlem Renaissance (1995) and Worrying the Line: Black Women Writers, Lineage, and Literary Tradition (2005), helped to ensure that twentieth-century Black women writers were recognized and valued for their power, genius, and complexity. Her most recent book, On Freedom and the Will to Adorn: The Art of the African American Essay (2018), places the essay form at the center of African American literary achievement. Throughout her long career she supported and enabled Black students, and championed racial diversity and gender equality at every level of the university. An Associate Editor of James Baldwin Review, she was the most generous and astute of readers, as well as a wise editor. In this memorial section, fifteen colleagues, former students, and interlocutors share their remembrances and honor her legacy.

James Baldwin Review
British television and constructs of race

Adjusting the contrast National and cultural identity, ethnicity and difference have always been major themes within the national psyche. People are witnessing the rise and visibility of far-right politics and counter-movements in the UK and USA. Simultaneously, there is an urgent need to defend the role of public service media. This book emerges at a time when these shifts and conjunctures that impact on and shape how 'race' and racial difference are perceived. They are coinciding with rapidly changing media contexts and environments and the kinds of racial representations that are constructed within public service broadcasting (PSB), specifically the BBC and Channel 4. The book explores a range of texts and practices that address the ongoing phenomenon of race and its relationship to television. Policies and the management of race; transnationalism and racial diversity; historical questions of representation; the myth of a multicultural England are also explored. It interrogates three television primarily created by women, written by women, feature women in most of the lead roles, and forcefully reassert the place of women in British history. The book contributes to the range of debates around television drama and black representation, examining BBC's Shoot the Messenger and Top Boy. Finally, it explores some of the history that led to the belated breakthrough of Black and Asian British comedy. The book also looks at the production of jokes about race and colour prior to the 1980s and 1990s, and questioning what these jokes tell us about British multiculturalism in this period.

Confronting racial diversity
Alice Garner
Diane Kirkby

168 9 From ‘White Australia’ to ‘the race question in America’: Confronting racial diversity In 2009, the controversial Melbourne tabloid columnist Andrew Bolt wrote an article criticising white-skinned people who identified as Aboriginal for the purpose of taking up indigenous awards and scholarships. One of those he targeted was a newly named Fulbrighter. Mark McMillan was a legal scholar who had just been awarded the 2009 Fulbright Indigenous scholarship (discussed in chapter ten). The irony would not be lost on McMillan, who was heading to Arizona State

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
Stephen Snelders

what was healthy.16 Leprosy asylums were complex microcosms in which the coercive powers of the colonial state, colonial medicine, missionary societies, and patients from diverse cultural and racial backgrounds came together. Groot-​Chatillon In Suriname, the cultural and racial diversity was most obvious in the government’s Groot-​Chatillon, which was administered by the public health service. The director was also the physician in charge. He had to keep control over a patient population of diverse ethnic and religious backgrounds. This was difficult at times

in Leprosy and colonialism
Australia, America and the Fulbright Program
Authors: and

This book recounts the history of the Fulbright Program in Australia, locating academic exchange in the context of US cultural diplomacy and revealing a complex relationship between governments, publicly funded research and the integrity of academic independence. The study is the first in-depth analysis of the Fulbright exchange program in a single country. Drawing on previously unexplored archives and a new oral history, the authors investigate the educational, political and diplomatic challenges experienced by Australian and American scholars who won awards and those who managed the complex bi-national program. The book begins with the scheme’s origins, moves through its Australian establishment during the early Cold War, Vietnam War dilemmas, civil rights and gender parity struggles and the impacts of mid-to-late twentieth century belt-tightening. How the program’s goal of ‘mutual understanding’ was understood and enacted across six decades lies at the heart of the book, which weaves institutional and individual experiences together with broader geopolitical issues. Bringing a complex and nuanced analysis to the Australia–US relationship, the authors offer fresh insights into the global influence of the Fulbright Program. It is a compelling account of academic exchange as cultural diplomacy. It offers a critical appraisal of Fulbright achievements and limitations in avoiding political influence, integrating gender and racial diversity, absorbing conflict and dissent, and responding to economic fluctuations and social change.

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Culture, ‘specialness,’ and new directions
Robert M. Hendershot
Steve Marsh

of their special partner in the Cold War? Comparably, Mills and Edwards, along with Cooper and Pollard, consider gender norms in the course of their arguments, but this is another field of culture where there remain many more questions than one book can answer. For instance, how has the growing gender and racial diversity of the Anglo-American foreign policy elite influenced the operation of the special relationship? Has attachment to the special relationship been influenced by shifting physical and demographic centers of electoral power? Similarly, Hendershot

in Culture matters
Neil McNaughton

Liberals, meanwhile, were committed to improving the state of race relations in the country. Immigration attitudes • Liberal Conservatives and Labour. Support the idea of a multi-racial society with tolerant attitude to racial minorities and accepting racial diversity. Tolerant attitude to asylum seekers. Immigration to be continued, but controlled to reduce over-population and to import people who can reduce skill shortages. • Centre Conservatives. Support controls on immigration, but allowing some to enter under strict quotas. Insist that racial minorities should

in Understanding British and European political issues
Substance, symbols, and hope

The election of Barack Obama was a milestone in US history with tremendous symbolic importance for the black community. But was this symbolism backed up by substance? Did ordinary black people really benefit under the first black president?

This is the question that Andra Gillespie sets out to answer in Race and the Obama Administration. Using a variety of methodological techniques—from content analysis of executive orders to comparisons of key indicators, such as homeownership and employment rates under Clinton, Bush, and Obama— the book charts the progress of black causes and provides valuable perspective on the limitations of presidential power in addressing issues of racial inequality. Gillespie uses public opinion data to investigate the purported disconnect between Obama’s performance and his consistently high ratings among black voters, asking how far the symbolic power of the first black family in the White House was able to compensate for the compromises of political office.

Scholarly but accessible, Race and the Obama Administration will be of interest to students and lecturers in US politics and race studies, as well as to general readers who want to better understand the situation of the black community in the US today and the prospects for its improvement.

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The spectre of race in Gilead and Home
Emily Hammerton-Barry

’ (157). In this way, the political pulse of the novel materialises through a combined absence and subtext that portray Gilead as a narrative haunted by this reminder of racial injustice. In her illustration of the racial significance of Robinson's baseball allusions, Susan Petit reads Home and Gilead as portrayals of how prejudice stems from an absence of racial diversity. Petit argues that despite the characters being almost ‘all Caucasian’, the novels ‘are clearly concerned with the evils arising from American slavery and […] the sort of white racism that

in Marilynne Robinson
Ipek Demir

inclusion against aggressive majoritarianism, and involves many varieties and revelations (e.g. Hall, 2000 ). Multiculturalism, however, is not divorced from racial diversity. For we know that those who are uncomfortable with racial diversity ‘tend also to reject targeted policies designed to offer redress for racial disadvantage’ ( Sobolewska and Ford, 2019 : 150). Multiculturalism as a normative argument is closely

in Diaspora as translation and decolonisation