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Changing images of the New Zealand Maori in the nineteenth century
Malcolm Nicolson

This chapter argues that the testimony of medical men occupied a central position in the aspect of Victorian polemic and policy-making. It examines a selection of nineteenth-century medical attitudes toward the Polynesian people of New Zealand, the Maori. The chapter also considers some of the institutions of imperial medicine. It argues that the provision of hospitals for the Maori was also undertaken with quite specific social and political purposes in view. The chapter identifies four nineteenth-century images of the Maori. They have been characterised as examples of the Noble, the Romantic, the Amalgamating, and the Dying Savage. Arthur Thomson provided an even more explicit and detailed medical defence of the policy of racial amalgamation. The chapter shows that John Savage's image of the Maori as (almost) Noble Savages was an expression of a prevalent contemporary attitude toward the indigenous inhabitants of the Pacific.

in Imperial medicine and indigenous societies
Joanna Mąkowska

By situating Baldwin’s Jimmy’s Blues and Other Poems in conversation with Jericho Brown’s 2019 poetry collection The Tradition, this article examines the theory of love in their poetic thinking. It argues that in their poetry, love emerges as a multifaceted mode of knowing and feeling, grounded in corporeal intensity and imbued with sociopolitical and historical meanings. Both Baldwin and Brown view love as integral to the understanding of queer sexuality and racial politics, foregrounding at the same time the challenges of loving and being loved in a historically anti-Black society. Their poetics of love coalesces the intellectual and the affective, the erotic and the political, moving beyond the conventions of inward-bound and personal lyric toward what Martinican philosopher and novelist Édouard Glissant termed a “poetics of relation.” Such transgenerational reading also allows us to explore Baldwin’s and Brown’s poetry as acutely attuned to historical moments which seem strikingly similar: Reagan’s and Trump’s presidencies.

James Baldwin Review
Open Access (free)

The interest in aesthetics in philosophy, literary and cultural studies is growing rapidly. This book contains exemplary essays by key practitioners in these fields which demonstrate the importance of this area of enquiry. New aestheticism remains a troubled term and in current parlance it already comes loaded with the baggage of the 'philistine controversy' which first emerged in an exchange that originally that took place in the New Left Review during the mid-1990s. A serious aesthetic education is necessary for resisting the advance of 'philistinism'. Contemporary aesthetic production may be decentred and belonging to the past, but that is not a reason to underestimate what great works do that nothing else can. Despite well-established feminist work in literary criticism, film theory and art history, feminist aesthetics 'is a relatively young discipline, dating from the early 1990s'. The book focuses on the critical interrogation of the historical status of mimesis in the context of a gendered and racial politics of modernity. Throughout the history of literary and art criticism the focus has fallen on the creation or reception of works and texts. The book also identifies a fragmentary Romantic residue in contemporary aesthetics. The Alexandrian aesthetic underlies the experience of the 'allegorical'. 'Cultural poetics' makes clear the expansion of 'poetics' into a domain that is no longer strictly associated with 'poetry'. The book also presents an account of a Kantian aesthetic criticism, discussing Critique of Pure Reason, Critique of Aesthetic Judgement and Critique of Judgement.

Brixton acid and rave
Caspar Melville

history of rave, one that pays more attention to the multiple pathways by which house music entered the space of London club culture? What might this do for our appreciation of London dance culture as a multicultural space? This involves consideration of how house music and rave were received, understood and transformed by black Londoners and their collaborators, a focus on the racial politics of rave and an enquiry into the black cultural producers who made rave what it was and took it in new directions in the 1990s. But I want to start with a brief consideration of

in It’s a London thing
Civil rights, civil war, and radical transformation in Home and Gilead
Tessa Roynon

any overt concern with America's racial politics, it is arguable that these homeless, hungry, distraught, and furious Black children haunt and prowl both Gilead (2004) and Home (2008). This essay argues that Home and Gilead are much more radical and much less compromised on the subject of race and civil rights in America than prevailing scholarly readings suggest. In focusing exclusively on Robinson's intervention in racial dynamics, my discussion differs from extant criticism that treats the subject of race in Robinson's work

in Marilynne Robinson
Racial politics, luso-tropicalism and development discourse in late Portuguese colonialism
Caio Simões de Araújo
Iolanda Vasile

presence in Africa. More precisely, we will interrogate how the notion of ‘development’ was articulated to, and in the process re-framed by, a broader political and anthropological discourse constituting the very fabric of Portuguese rule and racial politics: luso-tropicalism. Our analysis is influenced by a number of studies that have recently analysed development from a

in Developing Africa
Thomas C. Mills

challenges to traditional orthodoxies around gender that were confronted directly by the women’s movement later in the decade. RACIAL POLITICS Alongside the burgeoning youth and feminist rebellions present in the United States in the early 1960s, another important change underway was that pertaining to the status of African Americans in the country. When the Beatles first arrived in the United States the civil rights movement was at its height. 1964 saw the passing by Congress of the landmark Civil Rights Act, the award to Martin Luther King of the Nobel Peace Prize

in Culture matters
Shirin Hirsch

particular focus on a dispute on the local buses. The chapter then moves on to the school setting and the ways in which immigration was framed in the town’s schools. Both the schools and the buses had become critical examples within Powell’s new racial politics. Yet what was happening on the ground seemed to suggest new ways of living and working that challenged fixed racial boundaries. The turban dispute The turban dispute on Wolverhampton buses between 1967 and 1969 was a prominent example of workers organising to challenge racial impositions from above. Powell himself

in In the shadow of Enoch Powell
The Ilbert Bill controversy, 1883–84
Mrinalini Sinha

the vote to women, both may be advocated on somewhat similar grounds and both may be refused in compliance with the necessities of the same arguments. 10 It was this ‘unnaturalness’ that was being invoked in the displacement of the racial politics of the Ilbert Bill on to a different register: the supposedly natural division of the

in Colonial masculinity
Rechnological necromancy and E. Elias Merhige’s Shadow of the Vampire
Carol Margaret Davison

’ and ‘spatial poet’ who ‘was the least “vampiric” of any major director this side of Renoir’ ( 2000 : 29), may possess some merit if we examine this film exclusively through the lens of historical and biographical realism. Merhige’s film, however, moves beyond the biographical into the allegorical to advance a sedimented, twenty-first-century commentary on the gender and racial

in The Gothic and death